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be satisfied with merely 
._dde— w .iiust have the largest growth 
iized and a, , e r of Corr merce, backed up bv every 

«!tky Mount is har<jj£ .Acelled in the world for richness of soil and the variety 

ire grown successt<\'!>\ Rocky Mount is a cotton inarket of note, one of the 

state, and a big sTnpping point for the products of the truck farm. The soil is ad- 

otton, tobacco-, oats, corn, wheat, peanuts, alfalfa and almost all kinds of grasses. 

ire no floods and no droughts. The crops are sure. 

condition therefore of the country round about the city are no less notable than those 

w iand, with a good clay subsoil, bearing its abundant fruits of labor, and dotted with 

..ith telephones, automobiles and other modern conveniences, peopled by a sturdy, industrious 

': filiation, constitute one of the city's most valuable assets. The cultivation of the land is done 

-.itelligently, with the most improved farming utensils and machinery. Stock, dairy and truck farms 

profits, and here is found some of the finest blooded cattle to be seen an} where. And yet, the country 

.that it is yet in its earliest morning; and the farmers, improving in skill afd intelligence each year, rais- 

" of boys educated in practical agriculture, continue to eagerly seek for "ther means of improving their 

thods, utensils and the iand. The future holds glowing promise. 

the center of this, one of the fairest and most bounteous lands created by the Almighty, populated by a 

ired by the Historian to be "the freest of the free," who have just now learned to apply their intelligence 

commercial affairs, lies ROCKY MOUNT, the energy-panoplied young giant of the East, already North 

istest growing city. 
& s y 

The Best Governed City in North Carolina. 

of Rocky Mount as a well-governed community, one whose bus ess affairs are administered in a bus- 
been well-established ever since the city was a village. No gt >r scandal, no whisper of dishonesty 
•y. has ever marred the white record of the municipal govern , Those not familiar with the facts 
ces have sometimes marvelled at Rocky Mount's unusual g< une in this respect. But theansv er 

•ene Looking North on Main Street. 

Showing four buildings of the Railroad Shops at South Rocky Mount. 

%v S 6 Whe " \u U k u? W t u Jt [ s ^is: the best, broadest and most capable business and professional men of the 
i tn h, fh neV w r / h0Ught 'i b£ . neath them t0 take an active P art in municipal politics; yea more, they have recognized 
^^. dU S a ^f°? d ^ M ?& t0 * ethilt - flieg0vernment be clean and economical, and have been willing to 
SSS^S^^gH^ rer ibility ' The ** theref0re ' h3S bee " in ^ d and ca > able ** fafthS 
P v„ R , 0Cky u M0Unt Ju P roud o f ^r line of mayors. During the past twenty years, the following have occupied the 
execuhve chair: Thomas H. Battle (Mayor ten years,Alderman fifteen years, Chairman School Boar since 1 886 
£ I iw>T T n8 Th e Co 7 A m * ttee for t te , n y^s jto July 1910,) W. L. Thorpe (Attorney at Law.) Joseph Bake (Attorney 
at Law) T. T. Thorne Attorney at Law and now State Senator,) and the present Mayor Mr Joseph B Ramsev 
These would compare favorably with the chief executives of the best governed and larg?s c t es of the natfon , *" 

The present city government is as follows: nanon. 

Mayor and Recorder, Joseph B. Ramsey (Attorney at Law, and President First National Bank) 


l Realty CO., and Treasurer of the Rocky Mount «k) ^ 

C. H. Harris, 
Mayor Pro Tempore . 

E L Daughtridge, (Planter and large real estate owner) 
Fire C/ii'e/ 
Dr. John Battle, 
Chief Of Police 
J. S. Davis. 
City 'Physician 
Dr. Ivan Battle. 
Supt. Electric Plant 

A. S. Lyon. 

j C Braswel. (President The YlJS^^f Abran, (of Abrann Book Co.) 

W. D. Joyner, Jr. (of JoynerWoS) B. L. Daughtridge (Planter) 

L P. Matthews (of A. C. L. R R-Co ) W. H. Home (Planter) 

* for, A C L R R °Co ) W a R Lancaster, (of Battle & Lancaster, Furniture House) 
W.B.Darrow(Supt.ofTransportahon, A. C. L. *• "^ ^ 

R R Gay, (of Gay &Arrington, Hardware.) 

Sixf/i WW . 

Th e * Kuauees are now, as usuat, uTe£eSS„^,U SSi**-* - - g o»er„ m eu, are wo* 

Scene on the Railroad Yards at South Rocky Mount showing thousands of car wheels, 
ing efficiently and in harmony. The police forceps admirably manned, and with the mayor properly 


path of the evil-doer is rendered mighty hard in Rocky Mount. The people are law-abiding^ too busy to break 
law if they had the inclination, and public sentiment is behind law enforcement in every case. 

The whole city takes pride in the reputation of the city government, and under these circumstances it is not to 
be wondered at that Rocky Mount can with good reason, claim to be, not only the fastest growing city in North Car- 
olina, but also the best-governed city in the Tar Heel State. 

The Chamber of Commerce. 

It has been indeed fortunate for Rocky Mount that its citizens early recognized the great importance of concert 
of action; and it is to this fact that much of the city's extraordinary growth and development must be attributed It 
was the good fortune of the community in the beginning to be settled by men of strong and broad-guaged ancestry 
whose natures were too big for them to be blinded to the interests of the city by their own private individual affairs! 


ACL Relief Department Hospita 1 . 

Theref „ r eRo*vMo»„, h as b ee„no«y tre e,ro m those pe tty and ,oca, feuos t oa« Have so ^ 
P 12 

Pavillion at Oakland Park. 

Scene along Main Street. 

other enterprises, was its first President, and its membership has included and does include, the business and pro- 
fessional strength of the city. Its accomplishments have been very crediitable, and it is felt now that the organization 
is entering on a still larger usefulness. 

In the fall of 1910, it was decided that better results might be obtained and the organization prove more effective, 
if funds were raised and a capable business manager employed for his whole time, who would maintain offices in the 
city and devote his entire energy to the interests of the community as a city. This has been done. 


Imperial Tobacco Company's Building, considered Absolutely proof and costing nearly $ 


The officers of the Chamber of Commerce are now as follows: President Lewis C. Levy (of Braswell & Levy, 
Tobacco) Vice Presidents R B. Davis Jr., (Cashier First National Bank) F. A. Hampton (Attorney at Law);Secre- 
ta?y & Treasurer JW Aycock (Cashier The Planters Bank); Business Manager, John L. Arnngton; 
Committee, J. W. Hines, J. W. Aycock, W. S. Wilkinson, L. C. Levy. 


The offices of the Chamber are on the Second Floor of The Planters Bank. A postal card will bring ^erature 
and a full exhibit and explanation of what the city has to offer, to any one who makes enquiry. Free fac tory sites 
and other substantial inducements are offered to manufacturing enterprises. Address John L. Arnngton, Business 

The Schools of the City. 

In the determined and unremitting building of the city, Rocky Mount citizens have not ■ overlooked the fact that 
one of the corner-stones of the structure must be adequate educational facilities for their children. They have been 
the reverse of niggardly in this respect, and have responded nobly to every educational need. The public schools or 
the city are institutions in which every loyal Rocky Mounter takes the deepest pride. BIlhlir h„ fln H a 

In 1902 a graded school district was created that embraced within its limits, he whole town and suburbs, and a 
bond issue provided the necessary funds for the building and equipment. A brick building of fine proportions was 
ejected thoroughly modern in all of its appointments. The first year of the school, the students, numbered about 
350 'with twelve teachers The growth of the schools has been very rapid. In 1909 another building was erected n 
the opposite side of the town, much larger than the first. This new building is located on the corner of Marygo Id 
and R P aTeigh Its, and has few superiors in size and beauty of architecture in North CaroUna A conse rva tjve es .mate 
would fix the value of the public school buildings of the city at this time at nearly $60,000.00. The past year, the 
number of students attending the white schools was approximately 1,000. 

Nor have the people of Reeky Mount forgotten their duty to the colored children A convenient and commodious 
building has been provided for the negroes, with a competent corps of teachers. The enrollment of the colored 
graded school the past year was nearly 400. 

The officials that have in charge, the educational interests of the city, are as follows: 


Thomas H. Battle, Chairman; L. V. Bassett. Secretary; J. C. Braswell W. S. Wilkinson ,TL ^home Ed 
Gorham, Geo. J. Hales, Geo. L. Parker, J. Q. Robinson. Superintendent, Prof Z. B. McW horter ( 
University and Peabody Normal College); Principal, E. M Highsmith A.B., (University of North Carolina 

Teachers- First Grade, Misses Nemmie G. Paris, and Bessie McDearman, and Mrs C. Y^ Thorpe, Second 
Grade, Misses Martha Darden, Mary Lee Shine, Nellie Arrington; Third Grade, Misses Add.e Pans, Nannie B. 


Cooper, Mavis Lucile Griffin; Fourth Grade, Misses Fannie T. Anderson, Claude Bassett, Lulu H. Jackson; Fifth 
Grade, Misses Fannie Gorham and Mary Embra Morton; Sixth Grade,Miss Bessie C. Whitehead and Hattie Strachan; 
Seventh Grade, Misses Nannie E. Richardson and Lucy Dillard Hall; Eighth Grade Miss Margaret Redmond. 
Music Teachers, Misses Lois Threadgill and Constant Checkley. The teachers of the Colored Graded School are 
as follows: Principal, Prof. John W. Bird, and Geo. H. Porter, Nellie Pitt, Chanler Battle, Olivia Cobb, Fannie 
Halliday, and Mrs. Susie Baskerville. 

The great care that is provided for Rocky Mount school interests, and the competency of the management, will 
be seen from the fact, that on the Board of Trustees of the Rocky Mount Graded Schools given above, are the 
presidents of three banks, two State Senators, the Chairman of the school board of Nash county, wholesale grocers 
and others of like standing. The able Superintendent, Prof. McWhorter is a native of Gatesville Ala., where Sher- 
man started on his famous "march to the sea." Prior to coming here, Prof. McWhorter was for eight years, princi- 
pal of the public schools of Mt. Olive, N. C. He received his education at Peabody Normal College and Vanderbilt 
University. The principal, Prof. Highsmith is a graduate of the University of North Carolina, and is thoroughly 
equipped for the high duties that have fallen on him. The corps of teachers is an admirable one, and they are rend- 
ering the highest service. 

Rocky Mount is thus able to offer prospective residents,educational advantages for their children that should satisfy 
the most particular. And no fear need be entertained that as the city grows larger, the school facilities will keep step; 
for Rocky Mount is building for the future as well as the present. 

The Twin Counties. 

Rocky Mount is not a county seat, but it is the metropolis of two counties. Half in Nash county an half in Edge- 
combe county, the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad being the dividing line between the counties, Rocky Mount occupies 
a commanding position in both, by reason of wealth, intelligence, and population. The two counties referred to are 
rich in historical fame, as well as in their soil and the diversity of their industries. They have produced some of the 
ablest and noblest sons of North Carolina, men who have made and written the state's history in War and Peace. 
And the sons of Nash and Edgecombe today are taking a large part in the political and industrial, as well as the moral 
and social development of the commonwealth. The weight of these twin-counties is always felt in legislation, and 
the voice of their people carries a potent influence in the councils of the political parties and the state. 

Tarboro is the county seat of Edgecombe, and Nashville the county seat of Nash. 


Episcopal Church 

Methodist Protestant Church 


Rockv Mount is fully resolved that the future shall see large and beautiful playgrounds for the rest and recreation 
of her citizens during their spare hours. Oakland Park on Tarboro Street, covering almost a whole block has been 
established for years Here, during the summer, the city is treated to vaudeville and comedy performances of a high 
order The park also has an excellent dancing pavillion, and a good orchestra is employed during the whole season. 

A new and extensive playground, that will be without a superior in the country is one of the things that will be 
brought to pass during the near future. This will be located on the picturesque River Tar which winds about the 

city on three sides. 


Dunn* the past few years, Rocky Mount has had professional baseball of Class D, the city being a member of 
the Eastern Carolina Baseball League, which includes the cities of Raleigh, Wilmington, Goldsboro Wilson, Fay- 
etteville and Rocky Mount. In 1910, Rocky Mount won the second series of the season, Fayetteville winning the 
first. The local baseball park is one of the best in Eastern Carolina. 

The Rocky Mount Bar. 

The Rocky Mount Bar is an unusually strong one, the dean being Ex-Judge Jacob Battle of the family of that 
name long distinguished in North Carolina history. Other members are Hon. Frank S. Spruill, Hon. L. V. Bassett 
Hon T T Thorne, Hon. W. L. Thorpe, and Messrs. J. P. Bunn, E. B. Grantham, Frank A. Hampton, Richard 
Fountain, Joseph B. Ramsey, James W. Keel, and Victor Barnhill. 

A Great Railroad Centre. 

Among the railroad centres of North Carolina, Rocky Mount ranks first. 38 passenger trains and 60 freight- 
trains enter and leave the city every day. The number of freight cars handled to and from Rocky Mount reaches 
2,000 per day. The engines and crews of the Atlantic Coast Line Trains are made up and changed here, ana the 


Showing Two of The Many Buildings of The Coast Line at That Point 

cars coming from different points are classified here and put in solid trains and sent on to their various destinations. 
Here also, at South Rocky Mount, are located, the great repair shops of the Atlantic Coast Line System, and the second 
largest yards in the United States. 


The approximate number of employees of this railroad system at Rocky Mount is as follows- 
men Yard Clefks ^Tothers d ' in Tran ^ ortation Department ' including Yard Masters ' Yard Conductors, Switch- 
Number of employees in'offices at Rocky Mount - - - -"■-"."_"" 2 il 
Number of employees in shops ---------____ r wj 

Q , ,^ hen jt ?s considered that a large proportion of these 1591 employees are high-salaried 3 officers and employees' 
and the remainder skilled workmen drawing high wages, it can readily be imagined what' a large pay roll is here dS 
tnbuted by this railroad system. It amounts to approximately $1,000,000.00 per year. Her fare the general offices 

S inenntend d i V, t S10 f n 'T eaded 5 y t - Mr W , ?" u N T eli ' General Superintendent, the office of Mr. W* B Darrow 
Superintendent of Transportation and of the division counsel and special attorneys. Here also are the offices or 
the Supt. of Motive Power, Road Foreman of Engines and General Car Inspector. 

The New Passenger Station. 

, p The railroad company has here its own electric lighting systems. The station is now one of the prettiest on the 
line, and the contract has just been let for a great enlargement and remodelling of the same 

I he plans included in the contract, provide that the present passenger station shall be made two stories over its 

3 H «Unh?5wn nd t Wm K gS I*/ 6 "™ 8 3b0Ut fif ^ y f6et further West be added t0 each end of the bu?lding an3 'hese 
will also be two stones in height The present baggage room will be thrown into the waiting room and the new 

baggage room will be located in the North wing. The present mail and express rooms will be thrown into the oS 
waiting room and the mail and express rooms placed in the South wing. The offices of the General Superintendent 
Superintendent of Transportation, Engineer of Roadway, Supervisor of Buildings, Roadmasters and S [Attor- 
neys wil be on he second floor in addition to the offices of the Superintendent Train Master and Dispatchers of the 
Fayetteville District, which are already located there. uispaiuiers or tne 

This remodeled building will be equipped with entirely new modern plumbing and steam-heating facilities The 
fc'£t 3 : ^brella shed of abont 500 feet in length, and other minor improvements too numerous to mention 
When this is completed, Rocky Mount's passenger station will have no superior in the state. 



Bridge Over Falls -At Close R 


A. C. L. Relief Department Hospital. 

Bridge Over Falls— From A Distance 


nurses and is under the direct supervision of Dr, G. G. Thomas, Chief Surgeon of the Relief Department. Hie 
hospital is only open to members of the Relief Department who are also employees of the Rai road Company but 
there are few members of the Relief Department who fail to avail themselves of its privileges when necessity arises. 

The Railroad Y. M. C. A. 

About a year ago the Railroad Company instituted an investigation into the working of the Railroad Branch of 
the Young Men's Christian Association and was so pleased with the results obtained that they appropriated funds tor 
the erection of a modern Y. M. C. A. Building in this city. It Will be located in the vicinity of the passenger station. 
Plans have all been made, the funds appropriated, the contract awarded and the ground is being broken. 

The proposed building will be about 1 10 feet frontage and about 90 feet depth in center which will be in the torrrl 
of a "T" The basement will be fully concreted under the whole building and here will be located eight or ten 
modern shower baths, also other facilities. The basement will also accommodate bowling alleys. The nrst floor 
will have ample space for a large lobby in the center of the building and a restaurant, if desired on one end 
and a large reading room on the other and an auditorium in the rear of the center to seat about 300 people. 1 he second 
floor will consist of single sleeping rooms and toilet rooms. 

The entire building and grounds is deeded to the Railroad Branch of the Young Men s Christian Association by 
the Railroad Company and will be controlled exclusively by the Y. M. C. A. Directors. The Railroad Company 
will also pay the salary of the permanent Secretary. 

Of the amount necessary for construction, citizens of Rocky Mount contributed $5,000.00 and the Railroad Com- 
pany $30,000.00. _ . 

1 he r reight Depot. 

The freight depot of the A. C. L. at Rocky Mount, is costly and capacious, admirably constructed tor the hand- 
ling of the immense volume cf freight of the lusty young metropolis of the east. , 

Built but a few years ago, with thought to provide for the increase of business for many years, it is now how- 
ever pushed to its capacity, and crowded hourly with merchandise coming to Rocky Mount from all parts ot the 
world and our own goods going to the uttermost parts. The Railroad Company has realized that it s hard to guage 
the growth of Rocky Mount, and that only constant enlargement and construction can provide adequate facilities tor 

her trade. 


Electric Power and Water Station — Outside View 

Inside View Electric Power and Water Station 

Rocky Mount Public Works, 

As has been said, Rocky Mount owns its Water, sewerage and electric lighting system and works. And further, 
its electric lighting plant alone shows a profit at the end of the year just past of several thousand dollars, after deduct- 
ing charges at full rate for all the current used by the city. So, as is the case with other departments, Rocky Mount 



Public Works are conducted on sound business principles and methods. It should be considered, too that the profit 
above referred to has been made, while charging a light rate much less than that prevailing in other cities of similar 
size in tnis stcitc. 

f„ -, T u e e .t ctric t light pla , nt and waterworks are located one mile west of the business section, on Tar River, which 
furnishes the water supply of the city The plants were designed by a firm of Atlanta Engineers, and the instaUatio 
of machinery and the construction of buildings, reservoirs, foundations etc., was looked alter bv Mr AS Lyon the 
present competent Superintendent of Public Works. The electric light plant is composed of two cross compound 
^ndensing four-valve engines of 340 H. P. each connected to two 200 K. W. Fort Wayne Alternating Current Gen- 
erators of 2300 volts. It furnishes current for both street lighting and commercial purposes. In Sept 1909 a day 
power circuit was started, which supplies a three-phase current for use in driving motors in the various industries 
formerly using .steam and gasoline power The rates for commercial and domestic purposes are each ten cents pg 
W h' rtth £ c' SC ° U !l- de P end « n g.on vo ume used. The rates for power of the three-phase circuit is five cents per K 
W H., with the same d.scounts as in lighting. The engines are driven by two Heine water tube boilers of ?00 and 
125 H P. respectively. Fhey furnish steam at 150 pounds atthe engine throttle. These same boilers furnish 
steam for dnving the three large pumps in the water station. The auxiliary apparatus in the electric station consS 
of one motor-driven exciter, and one engine-driven exciter, both of 20 K. W. capacity and one :Deane steam ie Con- 
denser, into which the two large engines exhaust their steam. steam jet con 

The Water Works. 

The water works plant is under the same roof as the Electric Plant, and consists of one large Laidlaw Dunn Gor- 
? hX ne U lt°T P r n i co "densin g) compound duplex pumping engine, of two and a half millions capacity in 
24 hours. It has also two Smith-Vale compound duplex pumps of 750,000 gallons each within 24 hours These are 
the pumps which force the water to the city for fire and domestic purposes The plant contains two N Y Contin- 

hodl5oTo^SLl^t^r aPaCty ° f 2 ' ? h ' 000 .^ 1 I ons - T here is ° ne !arge reinforced concrete reservoir whSi 
f P l Lpn'S If fiS i I Sl0 u ge - l her u e 1S al ?° °" e large reinforced concrete coagulating basin which is six 
feet deep and 75 feet in diameter. It is in this basin that the water from the river is pumped with sufficient alum 
water solution to settle out any impurities that may be contained in the raw water. The water stays in S basm 
from two to three hours, and ,s pumped to and through the two large sand filters above mentioned where the re- 
maining impurities are caught and held. The water goes from the filters to the large concrete reservoiV and is ready 




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Hit ■■*-> 

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West Graded School Building 
per cent of the harmful bacteria, which is considered an 

East Graded School Building 

for use. The filters and the coagulating basin take out 
unusually high per cent. 

The buildings, reservoirs and foundations were built by D. J. Rose & Co., contractorsof this city, and the olans 
and specifications were drawn by F. D. Milstead and J. N. Ely, Engineers, of Atlanta. The construction and instal- 
lation was under the supervision of Mr. A. S. Lyon, Supt. The approximate cost of the plant, including new trans- 
mission lines, and new 14-inch water main to standpipe, was close to $85,000.00 

The sewerage system has cost to the present time, about $30,800.00. The city has under construction a new sew- 
erage disposal plant located near the railroad bridge, that when completed, will have cost approximately $6,500.00 


This plant will consist of three concrete tanks and one chemical house, and is being built under direction of the N. 
C. State Board of Health, in compliance with their new regulations. 

The Superintendent of Public Works is Mr. A. S. Lyon, who has efficiently filled the position for the past seven 
years. Mr. Lyon is a native of Granville County, a graduate of the North Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical 
College, class of 1899 with the degree of B. S. On the completion of a special course in Electrical Engineering at 
this college, Mr. Lyon took charge of the Roanoke Navigation & Waterpower Co., where he remained until 1904, 
when he came to Rocky Mount. His record as Superintendent of Public Works is a fine one, and his services have 
been eminently satisfactory to the city. 

The Churches. 

Rocky Mount is emphatically a church and church-going town, and has some of the most creditable church edi- 
fices in the state. The church membership is large in proportion to population, and the greater part of the members 
are active in church work and worship. While the religious spirit is dominant in the town, it is a broad and liberal 
spirit with regard to denominationalism. Almost all religious faiths are represented in the city, and tolerance is (he 
rule, all churches working in harmony and cooperating to as large an extent as possible. The churches (white) in 
Rocky Mount, are as follows: Missionary Baptist 4, Primitive Baptist 1, Methodist Episcopal 4, Methodist Protes- 
tant 1, Presbyterian 1, Episcopal 1, Christian 1, Catholic 1, total 14. There are also a number of Christian Scientists 
here though they have no organized church. The Primitive Baptists were the first to establish a church in Rocky 
Mount, away back in the early days of America. This church was located and is yet located near the Falls of the 
Tar, and for a hundred years has been a landmark and a place of gathering. The history of this church and the 
history of Rocky Mount have been entwined through all the years of the town's existence. The new Methodist 
Church at the corner of Church Street and Sunset Avenue was built five years ago, and is a model church boih arch- 
itecturally and with regard to convenience. With the parsonage adjoining, it cost approximately $25,000.00. The 
new Presbyterian Church just completed is a most handsome edifice, costing $20,000.00. Thoroughly modern and 
convenient in its appointments, it has no superior as a church building in this section. The ideal and handsome 
brick house of the Episcopal Church on Church Street is well worthy of mention, and this church includes in its 
membership some of the leading and most progressive citizens of Rocky Mount. The First Baptist congregation, 
one of the largest church organizations in the city, are preparing to erect this year a large and costly brick building 
on their handsome lot on Church Street, that will be commensurate with the size and wealth of this strong church. 


First Methodist Episcopal Church 

Presbyterian Church — Rev. Dr. W. D. Morton, Pastor 

The pastors of the various white churches of the city, are as follows: 

First Baptist Church, Rev. I. M. Mercer, D. D. 

Arlington Street Baptist, Rev. A. B. Harrell. 

First Presbyterian Church, Rev. W. D. Morton, D. D 

First Methodist Church, Rev, L. P. Howard. 

Episcopal Church (Church of the Good Shepherd) Rev. R. B. Owens. 


Calvary Baptist, Rev. W. O. Biggs. 

N. Rocky Mount Baptist, Rev. C. G. Lowe. 

Primitive Baptist, Elder P. D. Gold. 

Marvin Methodist, Rev. J. B. Thompson 

South Ry. Mt. Methodist, do 

Clarice St. Methodist, do 

Methodist Protestant, Pastorate vacant 

Christian Church, Rev. H. C. Boblitt 

Catholic, Father C. B. Harriman. 
The colored church membership is also very strong in Rocky Mount, and while the city has its share ot the dis- 
reputable colored element to be found in all Southern cities, it is probable that Rocky Mount has more substantial 
colored citizens, who own their own homes and are succeeding in business, than any other city of like size in the 
South. Though perhaps a little out of connection just at this point, it might be mentioned that the negroes ot Rocky 
Mount own and operate a silk mill, said to be the only one owned and operated by negroes in the state, and one ot 
the few in the world so owned and operated. 

The Rocky Mount Road District. 

Rocky Mount is justly proud of her good roads, especially within a radius of five to ten miles from the city 
These roads, built of sand and clay are the envy of the surrounding towns, and maintain their excellence through all 
sorts of weather. . , „ 

The first great impetus given good roads building was the passage of an act through the IN. C. Legislature ot 
1907, after a hard struggle, creating the Rocky Mount Road District. This district embraces 100 square miles ot 
territory with Rocky Mount as the centre. It is under the supervision and control of the Rocky Mount Road Com- 
mission, composed of one member elected by the county commissioners of Nash county, one member elected by the 
county commissioners of Edgecombe county, and three members elected by the Board of Aldermen of the city of 
Rocky Mount. The bill as passed authorized a bond issue of $100,000.00 of 40-year bonds and a special tax levy. 
There was much outside opposition to the bill, which was introduced in the State Senate by Senator T. 1 . 1 home, 
and dire predictions were made. , . , , 

It is a fact however that the working of the system has been ideal. Old roads have been straightened, new 



Owned by Mr. Hyrmn Phil'ps, of Tarboro, 
unt 1 recently an attorney of Rocky Mount, 
how practic ng law with Solic'tor Allsbrook in 
Tarboto. Ths build ng is one of the best of- 
fice build.ngs in the city. 


roads have been built, and travelling and hauling made easy and profitable instead of the struggle that they used to 
be. The benefits that have accrued to the town and district are inestimable, and further work is being pushed The 
taxation has scarcely been felt, and the increase of land value has overpaid the cost many times All the offenders 
sent to the roads from the Recorder's Court of the city of Rocky Mount, and all the offenders whose crimes were 
committed in this district and who are convicted in the two county Recorder's Courts of Nash and Edgecombe are 
sent to The Rocky Mount Road District Road Force to work out their sentences. 
The present members of the Rocky Mount Road Commission are: 

W. E. Jeffries, 

W. S. Wilkinson, 

W. H. Home, 

E. L. Daughtridge, 

E. W. Shearin. 

The Fire Company. 

Rocky Mount's fire company is well-manned, well-equipped and is kept at a high order of efficiency It includes 
64 men. 

The Chief is Dr. J. J. Battle and the Asst. Chief, Mr. D. D. Daughtridge. 

The city division has as equipment, two Horse-Hose- Wagons, a Number Four Steamer, and is manned by 28 

me £ w ■ W : R , a ^ ls ., i ? Foreman - w - s - M oye 1st Asst' Foreman, and W. Soden Jr., 2nd Asst. Foreman. Quarters 
in the Municipal Building. 

The Hook & Ladder division (Colored) is composed of Mclntyre, Foreman, and sixteen men, with hook and 
ladder truck. Their quarters are on Thomas Street. 

The Gibson Hill Division has ten men, one hose truck and has quarters on Bassett Street. Luther Dausrhtridee 
is Foreman s 6 

The North Rocky Mount division has a hose-truck with quarters on the Falls Road. This division has ten men 
with Foreman Bass. 

Besides these fire departments maintained by the city, The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company keeps a hose 
department of its own near the shops at South Rocky Mount. 

It would be a' long story to undertake to tell of the numerous acts of daring and heroism that must be credited to 


the Rocky Mount Firemen. It suffices to say, that a braver and more loyal company exists nowhere, and that 
each individual has proven his willingness to imperil his life if necessary in defense of Rocky Mount against the 
ravages of the flames. These men occupy a warm place in the hearts of the citizens of the city. 
It should be added that on two occasions the local department has won honors in state contests. 

Rocky Mount Military Company. 

Having produced men whose bravery and war-like spirit won for them high military honors, and the meed of 
Immortality in the Revolution, and later in the great struggle of the War Between The States, it was inevitable that 
Rocky Mount should have even in these peaceful times, a military organization. 

Rocky Mount's military company, which is Company "C" of the Second Regiment N. C. National (_»uard, is 
only about three years old, and has already won honors at the two State Encampments the company has attended 

They have an armory, club room and quarters on the Second Floor of the Rose Building on Main Street. The 
company has 47 members, and the officers are as follows: 

Captain, J. S. Lewis, 
First Lieutenant, H. L. Daughtry, 
Second Lieutenant, A. E. Dixon. 


The Rocky Mount Mills. 

Ranking next to the railroad company as employers of labor and in respect to size and prominence are The 
Rocky Mount Mills situated at The Falls of The Tar. ' 

These mills are three in number but are so joined together as to constitute one great industrial giant They are 
the support of a large mill town, now an integral part of the city, and contain 30,099 spindles, manufacturing cotton 

These mills/aside from their overshadowing importance as the city's largest manufacturing industry, are a 


source of pride to all the people of Rocky Mount from an historical standpoint. First built in 1818, burned down in 
1863 by the Federal forces, rebuilt, and burned down a second time in 1871, then immediately rebuilt, neither the 
exigencies of war nor the financial pitfalls of peace have been able to engulf them. Sentiment is mingled with in- 
terest therefore, in the regard the people of Rocky Mount have for the Rocky Mount Mills. 

The secret of the mills' success and longevity can be found in the uniformly competent management since their 

The Mills were launched in 1818 by three men, Messrs. Joel Battle, Evans and Donnelson, with Joel Battle as 
Manager. And since the beginning, for nearly a hundred years, a Battle has been manager. 93 years in one family, 
it is perhaps safe to say, is a record that is equalled by few other businesses of like proportions in the United 
States. Slave labor was used in the mills exclusively until the year 1855, when white labor was substituted. The 
present Treasurer and Manager of The Rocky Mount Mills is Mr. Thomas H. Battle, a great-grandson of Joel Bat- 
tle, the founder of the business and its first manager. 

It would not be amiss to give in this connection, a few particulars about the House of Battle, which 
for more than a century has been distinguished in North Carolina history. The Edgecombe branch of the 
family was founded in 1742 by Elisha Battle (grandfather of Joel Battle above mentioned and great-great- 
great-grandfather of Thomas H. Battle) who came to North Carolina from Virginia, and settled on the 
banks of Tar River. Elisha Battle was a Senator from Edgecombe in the General Assembly of North Carolina for 
ten years, and was President of the North Carolina Convention which finally ratified the Constitution of the United 
States, North Carolina and Rhode Island holding out and refusing to ratify until certain amendments vital to the 
liberties of the people had been adopted. Elisha Battle was a great Primitive Baptist and one of the founders in this 
section, (where it even now has so large an influence) of the church of that denomination, so justly famed for probity 
and the practice of real Christianity. Elisha Battle's grandson, Joel Battle, was the founder of the Rocky Mount 
Mills as stated in the foregoing. Joel Battle's son, Hon. William H. Battle, was for eight years on the Superior 
Court Bench of North Carolina, and for fifteen years a Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, being regarded 
as one of the ablest judges who ever sat upon that court, which has been graced by many of the ablest jurists known 
to American Jurisprudence. Dr. Kemp P. Battle, son of Judge William H. Battle, and father of Mr. Thomas H. 
Battle, is a man loved and honored by all North Carolinians. Serving for 16 years with conspicuous ability and use- 
fulness, as President of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, earlier as State Treasurer, and later as Pro- 
fessor of History at the University, he is now in retirement, full of years and full of honors, and is the recipient of 
an income under the Carnegie Education Endowment Fund given for conspicuous educational services. 


It is sufficient to say of Mr. Thomas H, Battle, that he is in all respects worthy of his ancestry. Since his early 
manhood, he has been one of the most potent forces for progress and good in the building of Rocky Mount and this 
section. He was for ten years Mayor of Rocky Mount, his administration of the city government being a model of 
economy, progressiveness and general excellence. He was Alderman for fifteen years and Chairman of the Finance 
Committee for ten years, resigning from the Board of Aldermen in July 1910. He is now and has been since 1886, 
Chairman of the School Board of the city. Besides being Treasurer and Manager of The Rocky Mount Mills, Mr. 
Battle is at present, President of The Bank of Rocky Mount, the oldest financial institution in the city, President of 
The Rocky Mount Saving & Trust Co., President of Rocky Mount Homestead & Loan Association, the oldest institu- 
tion of its kind in the city, and of The Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Co., and is largely interested in other things 
that mean much to the city. 

The President of The Rocky Mount Mills, Hon. R. H. Ricks, who is the subject of a sketch elsewhere in this 
book, is probably the wealthiest man in this section, and his touch has seemed to spell success to every enterprise 
with which he has ever been connected. 

The full list of officers and directors of The Rocky Mount Mills is as follows: 

President, R. H. Ricks. 

Sec. & Treas. and Manager, Thomas H. Battle. 

Superintendent, H. L. Holden. 


A. J. Ruffin 
R. B. Peebles 

B. Cameron 
W. K. Carr 
A. P. Thorpe 
J. D. Dawes 
R. H. Ricks 
T. H. Battle. 


MR. F. P. SPRUILL, Cashi, 

The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co. 

An institution that has wielded a big power for good, in that it has helped the citizens to cultivate habits 
of saving and thrift, is The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co. 

This institution which has earned from the people the familiar name of "The Savings Bank", was launched on 
the business sea, Nov. 2, 1903, with the following officers: President, Thomas H. Battle (also Pres. The Bank of 


Rocky Mount.) Vice-President, J. C. Braswell (also President The Planters Bank.) Cashier, Frank P. Spruill. 
The capital was $10,000.00. From the initial day, this bank has prospered and has done a great work in the com- 
munity. The same President, Vice-President and Cashier have guided its fortunes to this day, and it is safe to say 
that no institution in Rocky Mount has been better managed or more successful. 

At the end of the first year in business, the deposits were $76,302.65. They have grown steadily each year ex- 
cept the year of the famous 1907-8 panic, and the decrease that year was very small as compared with that of other 
financial concerns. The following table shows the deposits at the end of each business year since the beginning; 

Nov. 2, 1904 - - - - $76,302.65 

Nov. 2, 1905 - - - - 127,542.67 

Nov. 2, 1906 - - - - 164,332.21 

Nov. 2, 1907 - - - - 179,940.11 

Nov. 2, 1908 - - - - 168,257.64 

Nov. 2, 1909 - - - - 207,394.63 

Nov. 2, 1910 - - "-' - 231,119.32 
Mr. Frank P. Spruill, the Cashier of this bank since its organization, is not only a capable and faithful bank offi- 
cial, but a useful and popular citizen. His career is one of the best illustrations of the fact that industry, honesty 
and ability are bound to succeed even under adverse circumstances. Mr. Spruill was born in Halifax County, N. 
C. Oct. 17, 1881. He came to Rocky Mount Aug. 15, 1898, as office boy for the American Tobacco Company. In 
the summer of 1899, he drove an ice wagon for the local ice company. In the fall of 1899 he went back to the Amer- 
ican Tobacco Company as Asst. Factory Manager. In the summer of 1900, he was soda fountain boy at Griffin's 
Drug Store. In the fall of 1900, he accepted a position as Asst. Factory Manager for Thorpe & Ricks', leaf tobacco 
dealers. In 1901, through the kindness and advice of Mr. A. P. Thorpe, he was enabled to go to Poughkeepsie,N. 
Y. to attend the Eastman Business College. Returning in the fall of 1901, he again accepted a position with Thorpe 
& Ricks, which he held until the organization of The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co., when he was elected Cash- 
ierof this institution. Feb. 22, 1908. Mr. Spruill was married to Mrs. A. M. Shaw, who was formerly Miss Fannie 

The officers and directors of this bank are now as follows: 

President, Thomas H. Battle; Vice-President, James C. Braswell; Cashier, Frank P. Spruill. 
Directors, Thomas H. Battle, J. C. Braswell, J. W. Aycock, A. P. Thorpe, Geo. S. Edwards, S. L. Arrington, 
M. C. Braswell, R. H. Ricks, H. B. Marriott, J. R. Bennett. 





The firm of L. F. Tillery & Son is comparatively a new one, having begun business Jan. 1, 1911; but the senior 
member of the firm is so well and favorably known to Rocky Mount and all this section (having been Cashier of The 
Bank of Rocky Mount for 23 years) that they really need no introduction to the people. 

Mr. Luther Fentriss Tillery came to Rocky Mount as a child in 1867, when what is now the metropolis of Eastern 
Carolina was only a small hamlet. Since his young manhood, he has been identified with things that have contribut- 
ed largely to the building of the city, and toward the best results from a moral standpoint. In his youth, Mr. Tillery 
was in the railroad and telegraph service, and was for three years manager of the Newbern office of the Western Un- 
ionTelegraph Co. In 1889, with Mr. Thomas H. Battle and Mr. S. E. Westray, as associates, he took part in the organiza- 
tion of The Bank of Rocky Mount, the first bank organized in Rocky Mount, and was elected Cashier. For twenty-three 
years, until Jan. 1, 191 1, when he resigned to establish his present business, he served as Cashier of that institution, and it 
is not too much to say, that as for efficiency, courtesy, integrity and popularity, no bank in North Carolina was bet- 
ter served. Mr. Tillery won not only the confidence of all who came in contact with him, but inspired in all a gen- 
uine liking. All these things being true, it is inevitable that his present business must be a large success. Mr. Tillery 
was married Feb. 9, 1887, to Miss Vyne, of Michigan, who is and has been since her first residence here, a social 
favorite. They have two children living. Miss Annie Vyne Tillery, and Mr. Luther Jarvis Tillery, the junior mem- 
ber of the firm of L. F. Tillery & Son. Mr. L. F. Tilery's father, Dr. R. C. Tillery, was one of the best known and 
most respected citizens of Rocky Mount, and was for two or three terms Mayor of the city in its earlier days. Dr. 
Tillery was a veteran of the Civil War, being Captain in the Artillery Service of the Confederacy.and was at onetime, 
Provost Marshal of the city of Wilmington. He came to Rocky Mount originally from Halifax County, N. C. 

The junior member of the firm. Mr. Luther Jarvis Tillery is now only 19 years old, but shows fine business 


capacity, and the future holds much promise for him. He was educated in the 
Graded Schools of Rocky Mount, in the Warrenton High School (N. C.,) at 
Culver, Ind., and in the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis. 

Messrs. L. F. Tillery & Son, write all forms of insurance, collect rents, 
buy and sell real estate, handling same on commission, and negotiate loans. 

They represent the following standard and reliable insurance companies, 
among the best doing business in this country: 

The Prudential Life, The New York Underwriters, the New Hampshire, 
The Fidelity Phoenix, The Underwriters of Rocky Mount, and The Queen. 

Anybody doing business with this firm may be assured in advance that 
their matters will be handled with the utmost of care, efficiency, fidelity and 


MR. L. F. TILLERY, Senior Membei of the Firm. 



Chairman of the Board of County Commissioners of 




Any work on Rocky Mount or Nash County that purposed to tell of their pro- 
gress and improvement during the past twenty years would be incomplete if it did 
not include a story of the life and public service of Mr. W. E. Jeffreys; for in al- 
most every movement and undertaking looking to the building up and progress of 
Rocky Mount, and Nash County especially, his energy and ability have 
been among the most important and potent factors. Since 1898, Mr. Jeff- 
reys has been a member and Chairman of the Nash County Board of Com- 
missioners. This position is considered by far the most important official station in the County government, corres- 
ponding as it does to the speakership and leadership of the legislature of a State, the Board of Commissioners con- 
stituting the county's legislative body. 

The record of Mr. Jeffreys' administration of county affairs is a story that is a source of pride to every loyal 
Nash County citizen. It is certain that there is no county in North Carolina whose affairs are administered in a 
wiser, more economical or more business like manner than are the affairs of Nash County under the present Board 
of County Commissioners. Every transaction by the county is inspected just as closely and is made just as carefully 
and economically as Mr. Jeffreys would transact a private matter that concerned only himself. For instance when 
the new Grand Jury Building was erected a few years ago at a cost of approximately $3,000, Mr. Jeffreys saw to it 
that the plans and arrangements were so made as to furnish the county law offices to rent, which are at this time 


bringing in an annual revenue that amounts to 11 per cent, of the total cost of construction of the whole building, 

In 1898, when Mr. Jeffreys was first elected County Commissioner, the county owed eight thousand dollars 
($8,000.) Since that time, that debt has been liquidated in full; the Grand Jury Building, a two story brick structure, 
has been erected at a cost of $3,000; approximately twelve thousand dollars ($12,000) has been spent in repairs, ad- 
ditions and improvements on the Court House; exceeding $10,000 has been spent in protecting the citizens of the 
county from the dread ravages of smallpox which gained a strong foothold in the county on the return of the soldiers 
from the Spanish-American War; seven magnificient iron and steel bridges have been built over Tar River and one 
over Swift Creek near Gold Rock, besides a large number of substantial wooden bridges over smaller streams in the 
county; the County Home property has been converted into one of the finest agricultural and farming properties in 
this section, new houses being built, the land improved, the best teams and farming utensils provided that could be 
obtained; and in every particular the progress and improvement in county affairs have been most gratifying. The 
last annual statement showed two hundred and twenty one substantial bridges, including ten of iron and steel. 

All this has been done with the utmost economy, but with an eye to permanency and without burden to the tax- 

payers; and it is but simple justice to say that the strong hand of Mr, 

Jeffreys has been the guide and has furnished much of the strength. 
The county does not owe a cent now, with the exception of a small loan 
of $500, which the Treasurer can pay at any time without the slightest 

It should be said too, that this fine and enduring service has been 
rendered the county by Mr. Jeffreys at much personal sacrifice. He is 
a man of large private interests. His idea of public service is such, that 
if ever they come in conflict, his private interests must give place to the 
interests of the county. It is natural therefore that he should be held, 
as he is held, in universal respect and esteem by his fellow countymen. 
His popularity was conclusively proven at the last election when he 
was re-elected by the most overwhelming majority of his political career. 
Mr. Jeffreys is a native of Granville County, North Carolina, born 
September 22nd, 1859; and is therefore fifty one years old, in the prime 
of vigorous and mature manhood. He was educated in the schools of 
He lived in Henderson, N. C, for four years and 


Granville and plunged right into business in his early youth 


was One of the most influential forces in the founding of the tobacco business in that town. He came to Rocky Mount 
in I8:»2 and launched the Jeffreys' Tobacco Warehouse. His success in the tobacco business is a mattter of com- 
mon knowledge, and it is said by those who ought to know, that a better judge of tobacco never operated on the local 
market. In 1895, in obedience to his natural taste and inclination, he bought the large and valuable plantation near 
Rocky Mount, known as the Thorpe place, and became a planter. He subsequently purchased other adjoining tracts 
until his land holdings in Nash County now amount to, approximately, one thousand acres of the best and most favo- 
rably situated land in the county. He conducts one of the largest and best dairies in eastern Carolina. Owning only 
the purest and most aristocratic of the Bovine breeds, his dairy products are the last word in quality; and the famous 
"Jeffreys Butter" is one thing that is sought after by every discriminating house-keeper in this city. 

Mr. Jeffreys is also one of the owners of the Jeffreys-Ricks Clay Works, a concern that manufactures a famous 
brick especially adapted for building and paving purposes, which is sold over North Carolina and adjoining states. 
Other things, in addition, that contribute to the material and moral progress of the city and county have found in 
Mr. Jeffreys a liberal patron and friend. 

Mr Jeffreys' home life and his family are ideal, and no doubt account for much of the strength and integrity 
that have been so conspicuous in his record in public office. He was married !n 1891 to Miss Dena Lyon, and their 
union has proven a most happy and congenial one. They have five children, varying in age from six to eighteen, 
all bright and spirited, showing the refinement and gentleness that must ever result from good lineage and proper 

Mr. Jeffreys takes an active interest in Church work, and is one of the most prominent and influential members 
of the First Methodist Episcopal Church of Rocky Mount. 


W. L.GRO0M, Prest & Ge«»'l Moo 

W T. KEETON.Vice Pbest 


11. ANDERSON, SectV. 






, n UFA ct URf b 
(HA" of t fs 







^ocKy Mount, N.C, 




Among the industries that have contributed to the upbuilding and progress of Rocky Mount and this Section, 
the Tar River Lumber Company is easily one of the greatest and most potent. This company's plant is at present 
one of the most complete and modernly equipped lumber plants in the South. It has a capacity of 40,000 feet in ten 
hours, and by reason of the perfect arrangement of the buildings and machinery, together with a management that 
for excellence of system and entire efficiency is scarcely equalled in the country, the plant is able to convert timber 


into finished lumber at a minimum cost that absolutely guarantees its ready sale on the market at profitable prices. 

The present plant of the Tar River Lumber Company is located just on the out-skirts of Rocky Mount, on the 
Nashville branch of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. It consists of the latest improved band saw mill, the building 
being 36X132 feet; a planing mill 72X132 feet, which includes a band resaw with a capacity of 50, 000 feet per day for 
turning out flooring, ceiling, weather boarding and finished lumber of all kinds; a trim mill 48X144 feet, in which is 
made inside and outside finish of high grade; brick dry kilns fire proof, and two modern power plants of 500 horse 
power. The company has a railroad running from this mill in a northwesterly direction through Nash county, which 
penetrates their timber properties and hauls the logs to the mill. As a matter of accommodation to the people who live 
along the line, this railroad, while not a common carrier, has been hauling several thousand tons of fertilizer annually. 
It is the purpose of Mr. Groom, the President and General Manager of the company, (and whatever he purposes to 
do is pretty sure to be done) within the near future to convert this private railroad into a common carrier that will 
carry both freight and passengers. The benefits that will accrue to the people of that section of Nash county traversed 
by this railroad will be incalculable. The railroad will have one of the towns in the northwestern section of Nash 
county as its objective point, and may be extended further to a connecting line. 

The Tar River Lumber Company is perhaps the only lumber plant in the South that cuts the log from the stump 
and handles it in its entirety through the different processes necessary to finish it up for all kinds of inside trim, in- 
cluding grills, mantels, store fixtures of all descriptions, window and door frames, etc. Many of the finest stores 
and residences in eastern North Carolina have been finished on the inside by this plant. The company owns a vast 
amount of standing timber, sufficient to supply them with the raw material for several years, and also owns several 
thousand acres of land in fee simple, and they are constantly adding to their holdings. 

This company has a paid up capital of $300,000.00 on which it pays a substantial dividend just as regularly as the 
years come and go. 

History Of The Business. 

In 1897, Messrs. W. L. Groom, J. H. Harris, Howard E. Baker and Abram McHenry formed a copartnership 
to operate the old Tar River Lumber Company plant, with Mr. W. L. Groom as manager. The business was com- 
paratively small at that time, but succeeded from the beginning, owing to the competency of the manager, Mr. 
Groom, and to his thorough knowledge of the lumber business from the moment the timber is cut from the stump 



President and General Manager. 

until it has become a finished product. In 1902, Messers. Harris, Groom and Baker purchased the interest of Mr, 
McHenry. The plant continued to grow and prosper until April 4th 1905 when it was totally destroyed by fire, the 
loss being about $40,000, with insurance of $19,000. For a time, it was doubtful as to whether or not the company 
would rebuild in Rocky Mount. It is needless to say that this was a matter that greatly concerned every loyal citizen 
of the city, and there was much gratification when the company finally decided to rebuild here on even a larger and 
more magnificient scale. The present site was then secured and the present mammoth plant constructed. 


"The Master Hand." 

The story of the success and growth of the Tar River Lumber Company is largely the story of the wonderful 
experience and energy of one man. This man came to Rocky Mount, a stranger from the North, in 1896, and has 
taught this section a new lesson in industrial achievement, and has organized a monster business by gathering up and 
with a master hand, crystalizing into a great and beneficial industry, the ragged ends of what had hitherto been a 
slipshod, nondescript business— he has taught and assisted the people of this section to utilize in the most productive 
manner, their large timber holdings which had before been something of a burden rather than otherwise. Scores of 
families now have abundant reason for gratitude to him for the means furnished them to clear from their homes the 
incubus of mortgages that had been hanging over them for years. This man's name is William L. Groom, Presi- 
dent and General Manager of the Tar River Lumber Company. Mr. Groom came to Rocky Mount in Feb. 1896, 
and started this lumber business in one of the hardest years for the lumbermen since 1893. The conditions were 
such that the banks would not discount commercial paper, no matter how good it might be considered in ordinary 
times. This made it especially hard on the lumber business on account of the fact that, however fine the sales 
might be, they did not count for much, owing to the fact that the paper taken in settlement could not be used at the 
banks. It was a time of financial stringency and of business failures throughout the country. And yet, Mr. Groom 
so managed his plant that it was not shut down for a single day for want of business. The utmost economy was 
practised, Mr. Groom keeping his own books for two years, doing his book work at night from memoranda jotted 
down during the day when he was performing a strong man's work, actually laboring as hard as any of his men. In 
this way he kept things going, never failing in his confidence in the future of the business. Still, even his great 
energy and close application could not have saved the business if he had not been thoroughly conversant with every 
detail and with every necessary process involved in the converting of the standing timber into the finished product 
and advantageously putting it on the market. Having had experience, and having worked himself up from the humb- 
lest work in the lumber business, he was able to grasp every detail of the work and to give intelligent and forceful 
supervision to every department. 

The tide of adversity stemmed in that instance, ihe business went forward by leaps and bounds making money 
for the stockholders, and enlarging its capacity and spreading its benefits. Then in 1907, came another crisis in 
business affairs— the well remembered panic of 1907 thundering the wreck and crash of scores of old established bus- 
inesses throughout the United States. Failures were almost daily occurrences and the shutting down of manufacturing 


plants and the discharge of hundreds of employees was seen on every hand. All this was bound to affect the lumber 
business very severely, for it is well known that when panics come, building and construction stop. Here in Rocky 
Mount, hundreds of men were thrown out of employment; but it is a notable fact that not one day did the plant of 
the Tar River Lumber Company stand idle, and not one man was discharged, except for his own negligence. Again, 
Mr. Groom was sitting steady in the boat. He recognized the condition of the large number of men and their fam- 
ilies who were depending on him for their support, and he was determined that as long as the mills could run without 
too much loss to his stockholders, who had their money invested, that none of his men should lose a day's work. It 
is not a matter of wonder therefore, that labor troubles, insubordination and shiftlessness are practically unknown at 
the plant of the Tar River Lumber Company, and that loyalty to Mr. Groom and the company is deep-seated in their 

To further show the development of this staple concern, we will go back to 1904, when Mr. Groom decided to 
again enlarge his business and bought over a big lumber plant in Onslow county, carrying with it immense tracts of 
land and timber. Mr. Groom purchased this property as Trustee for himself and others, and incorporated it under 
the name of The Swansboro Land and Lumber Company, with a paid up capital of $150,000.00. The operation of 
this plant has been very successful, Mr. T. H. Pritchard being the local manager, but Mr. Groom exercising in his 
own way, a supervision that takes account of even the smallest details. The lumber is shipped from the Swansboro 
plant both by water and rail. Gasoline tugs are provided for towing purposes, and the plant owns and operates a 
standard-gauge railroad, fourteen miles long. The mill has every modern improvement and has a supply at present 
of seventy five million feet of timber. Mr. Groom is also interested in some other large propositions which are yet 
in their first stages of development. 

The birthplace of Mr. Groom is at Big Flats, Chemung County, New York, ten miles from the city of Elmira, 
and the year of his birth was 1861. His father before him was in the lumber business, Mr. Groom taking on the 
responsibility of the success of his father's business at the early age of seventeen years, being very successful from 
the beginning. He was educated in the free schools of New York and completed a commercial course in Allen's 
Business College in New York in 1881. At the age of twenty three years, in Feb. 1886, Mr. Groom commenced to 
learn the finishing part of the lumber business by striking out for himself. He began in the planing mill business as 
stationary engineer. He was promoted in five weeks to the position of inspector and buyer of lumber where he re- 
mained for two years. He was then made superintendent of the planing mill and wholesale shipping department. 
Resigning this position in 1889, he went with a larger concern, the Harris-McHenry Company with whom he re- 
mained until seven years later when he came to Rocky Mount and established the Tar River Lumber Company. 


Mr. Groom's career in Rocky Mount has been one long record of unbroken growth in usefulness, influence, 
popularity and success. It is not too much to say that there are few if any men in Rocky Mount who are held in 
higher esteem. 

The citizens elected Mr. Groom a member of the Board of Aldermen, where he served four worthful years and 
where he would probably be yet if he had not resigned, owing to the pressure of his large business affairs. Mr. 
Groom is a member of the Board of Trustees of the First Presbyterian Church of Rocky Mount and one of its most 
influential members. The work of his head and heart has been seen in the establishment of Sunday Schools and in 
other Missionary work where it was most needed. He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Masonic 
Temple, and is a Royal Arch Mason, as well as a prominent member of the Pythian Fraternity, and of the Board of 
Directors of the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce. 

One of the main elements perhaps in the remarkable success that Mr. Groom has achieved has been this fact 
(which those who are starting in business would do well to note particularly,) as he has acquired more and more 
power and position, he has never for one moment let up in the dominating industry and energy which have been 
such conspicuous features of his business career. If there is any difference, he works harder now than when he 
first came to Rocky Mount, recognizing that "eternal vigilance" is the price of continued business success as well as 
of "liberty." 

The Tar River Lumber Company's business organization, perfected by Mr. Groom, is a wonder of thorough- 
ness and efficiency. He receives daily reports from every department of the business. He is thus enabled to keep 
complete tab on the whole organization, backing this up by frequent personal inspections, and at the close of each 
day he can calculate to a nicety just what has been done. 

Mr. Groom has a handsome and commodious residence at 226 Franklin Street, which was built from plans drawn 
by Mr. and Mrs. Groom according to their own ideas. It is undoubtedly one of the best and most conveniently ar- 
ranged homes in the city. Here Mr. Groom dispenses unstinted hospitailty to his host of friends. A picture of the 
Groom residence appears on another page of this book. 

Altogether, it might well be said, that Mr. Groom measures up fully to that quality of man who in the words of 
the poet, is necessary to fitly "constitute a State." 


Rocky Mount is famed for 
its beautiful and commodious 
residences. It is truly a "city 
of homes." The residence of 
Mr. W. L. Groom here shown, 
is a wonder in convenience and 
comfort. The plans for the res- 
idence were drawn by Mr. and 
Mrs. Groom, themselves, car- 
rying out their own ideas of a 
model arrangement. 

Residence of Mr. W. L. Groom, 226 Franklin Street. 


The Ricks Hotel, 
Rocky Mount, N. C. 



The Rocky Mount Hosiery Company was organized in 1904. Rocky Mount 
business men wanted to start tome manufacturing industry that would pay a 
profit and help the town by employing labor. A knitting mill was suggested. 
The industry was investigated and the conclusion reached that it would pay if a 
proper manager could be secured. Mr. Geo. T. Andrews was at that time suc- 
cessfully operating a knitting mill at Enfield. He was induced to come to Rocky 
Mount and accept the management of a mill here. The mill started to work in 
March, 1905, under his management, in a commodious new brick building on the 
Nashville branch of the Coast Line Railroad, with 80 machines, and complete dye- 


ing and finishing plant. 
The fatory has since ad- 
ded other machinery, and 
now has 126 machines in 
active operation. The ca- 
pacity to start with was 
350 dozen pair per day, 

and it is now 600. Though not yet two years old, the plant has shown a very satisfactory profit. The quality of the 
work is of an unusually high order and finds ready sale, in fact, the demand is greater than the capacity of the plant. 
The success of the mill is due almost entirely to having secured a thoroughly competent superintendent. Mr. and 
Mrs. Andrews moved to Rocky Mount in January, 1905, and make a valuable addition to the social life of the city. 



Brief Sketch of Its History— Tobacco Raising In Eastern Carolina. 

.. 5 


Bright tobacco has been raised in Eastern North Carolina for perhaps sixty years or more, and the ' 'oldest 
inhabitant" can hardly recall the time when the weed was first planted in this section. Many, however, recall the 


hotel was then changed to the name of The Alton, receiving this name as an honor to the only child (a son) of Mr. 
and Mrs. T. L. Bland. The Alton was continued in operation under the ownership of Messrs. Ricks and Bland. 

During the first year of the operation of The Ricks and Alton Hotels under the ownership of Messrs. Ricks and 
Bland, The Cambridge, which had been renovated throughout, and made into what would be considered a really 
modern hotel under ordinary circumstances for any city in the State of North Carolina, this hotel was operated under 
the management of Mr. V. E. Porch. After this hotel had been conducted under such management for nearly a 
year, it was purchased by Messrs. Ricks and Bland and used to assist mainly in the accommodation of guests that 
overflowed The Ricks. ' ,,,,,,,,. 

-About the time of the purchase of The Cambridge, Messrs. Ricks and Bland decided to lease the Hotel Louise, 
at Washington, N. C. They spent a considerable outlay in renovating and refurnishing this hotel, which was even 
then considered the leading hotel of that city. Mr. W. E. Porch, whose picture appears on these pages, had achieved 
a fine reputation as a hotel man in Norfolk and other cities, and Messrs. Ricks and Bland realizing his ability as such, 
placed him in charge of the hotel at Washington, 

All of these ventures of Messrs. Ricks and Bland proved eminently successful, so much so that they recently de- 
cided to invade the Capital city of our State and see what their ability as hotel men could accomplish in that loca- 
tion. A proposition was made to them by the law firm of Messrs. Jones & Bailey, they offering to erect a modern 
hotel building and lease same for a certain number of years to the firm of Ricks & Bland, the latter to furnish and 
operate same. The erection of this hotel is going on at the present time and will be rushed to completion. It is ex- 
pected to be finished and ready for the accommodation of the public sometime during the early Fall, certainly by the 
time of the State Fair. A picture of this building as it will appear when finished is shown on these pages. 

Elsewhere in this book appears a complete history of the life and accomplishments of the senior member of this 
firm, Mr. R. H. Ricks, who has seemed to possess the happy faculty of discernment of ability in his fellow man, for 
with hardly an exception, every man with whom he has associated in business has been successful. 

In respect to Mr. T. L. Bland, when his natural opportunities and youthfulness are considered, his success is 
truly remarkable. Any one having read of his accomplishments would naturally think it must have required a long 
stretch of years to have acquired such success, but at the present writing Mr. Bland is only 28 years of age. 
As we have previously stated in this article, Mr. Bland first saw the light on a farm. This seems to be a fortunate 
circumstance for a man of natural ability, partly accounted for from a view point that healthful surroundings give a 
man a strong body to support a strong mind, and also fires one with ambition to such an extent that a foothold hav- 
ing been gained in a more thickly settled community, application is more constant and success generally more rapid. 


ML laMllM^m^.. ' jmg 

Not being satisfied with 
work on the farm, after 
receiving a business ed- 
ucation in Kentucky, he 
returned to the county 
of Pitt (in which he was 
born in 1882.) and in 
July, 1903, was married 
to Miss Queenie Mc- 
Gowan, a woman of cul- 
ture, beauty and strong 
character, who has been 
of great assistance to Mr. 
Bland in his business 
enterprises. They have 
one child (a son) Alton, 
six years old, for whom 
the Alton was named, as 
above stated. 

Mr. Bland came to 
„, „ Rocky Mount and took 

THE CAMBRIDGE HOTEL, Rocky Mount, N. C. charge of t h e Cuthrell 

in May, 19CG. His subsequent success has been told above in this article, and needs 
no elaboration, the plain statements of facts stand for themselves and are strong tes- 
timony to his business ability. Before closing the description of Mr. Bland it should 
be stated in justice to him that he has the happy faculty of making each and every 
traveling man feel at home when he stops at a hotel conducted by him. 

The Ricks Hotel is a strictly modern four-story structure of stone and pressed brick, sp'.endly located on Man 


Washington, N. C. 

Street, next to the Coast Line station. It has 75 bedrooms, (all outside,) 40 rooms 
having private bath; telephone (both local and long distance) in every room, and at 
every table in the dining room. Its lobbies, parlors, and writing rooms are hand- 
somely furnished; the spacious auditorium, billiard and pool rooms, barber shop 
and pressing club, as well as soda fountain and drug store add much to the pleasure 
and convenience of the guests. Has its own cold storage plant, and printery, and 
is equipped with an electric elevator. This hotel is as near perfect as money and 
thorough management can make it. 


This hotel is second only to the Ricks in this section, and in point of service 
and other respects is kept at the same high point of efficiency. It is three-stories, 
has 42 rooms, thoroughly modern, telephone in each room, private baths in a large 
portion of the rooms. The Cambridge is built of stone and pressed brick and is it- 
self an imposing structure. 


The Alton has 22 rooms, with all modern accommodations, within a min- 
MK. W. L. PORCH, u te's walk of the station, and as is the case with the above mentioned hotel, is al- 

Mgr. Hotel Louise, Washington, N.C. ways well filled with guests. 

This is an admirably constructed hotel, built of pressed brick. It is three stories, has 65 rooms, thoroughly 
modern in its equipment and under the capable management of Mr. W. E. Porch. Washington has always been a 
popular point with the traveling men, and since the administration of Messrs. Ricks & Bland, the Louise has been 
headquarters there and patronage has greatly increased. 

And now The BLAND! This is to be a five-story-up-to-date-in-every-detail, hostelry. Aside from the fact of 
its being the best in the State when completed, it will vie with any in the South and will have eighty rooms. 






HON. ROBERT H. RICKS, Soldier, Legislator, Financier. 

The story of Leonidas and his Three Hundred Spartans at Thermopylae, and the tale of the last matchless charge 
of the Old Guard at Waterloo, have numberless times thrilled the hearts of men who love bravery, loyalty and patri- 

Leonidas and his Spartans, and the devoted and favorite troops of the Corsican "Man of Destiny" have long 
since fallen on sleep in "the bivouac of the dead"; but Rocky Mount and North Carolina are yet blest in that they do 



not yet have to dig in the ashes of the past for heroes to honor. A few of them, yearly growing pitifully fewer an 
come US W£ may l0 ° k °" thCm 3nd h3Ve the St0ry 0f the priviIe S e ^ tell to fu?Sldren inthc ? years to 

There live : in Rocky Mount today, two of the immortal Six who volunteered to charge the house at RethH in 
which charge the life of Henry Wyatt, one of the Six, was offered up as the first red sacrifice on the altar of the 
Southern Confederacy. These living heroes are John H. Thorpe and Robert H R cks the subject of this sketch 
the only other survivor being R. H Bradley, Marshal of the Supreme Court of North Carolina ' 

The story of he life of Robert H. Ricks is an epic that brings pride to every North Carolinian Not less re 
nowned in peace than m war he has come to fill perhaps a larger place in the industrial affair" o "this cut and sec" 
t.on than any other individual He is at present, President of The Rocky Mount Mills the largest m£uSSiiri5i« 
concern m the city, Vice-President and Director and one of the lareest stockholders in ThJ . R«nt of i£ " m * g 
^^ffin^^l institution, Vice-President of ftefi^^ffx^^MflJiSSd^t of°f he Ig&y 
Mount Ice & Fuel Co., President of the Enfield Hosiery Mills member of the firm nf \}\rV* I ri" a I V 

^fftnt hotels in Rocky Mount, one in Washington, and have one now in course STS? that will be without a peer in the Capital City, member of the firm of Thorpe & Ricks among the latest teif 
tobacco dealers in Eastern North Carolina, member of the firm of H. E. Brewer & Co one oFthe citv's largest re 
lli a n d S ?S y f t0reS ; 3nd ? art ■ 0W K 1 ? er u 0f the J effre ys-Ricks Clay Works, large brick manufacturers Mr Ricks is 
te2£^StiffiXS£g&?' md " intereSt£d -umerousotherthings of „S?„f cAuSS ffi 

SS5SS ^Sy-an^ril^f^w^ 1 """ ^^ the beSt f " * e ^ a " d Ss »- t 

Volunteering in the famous "Bethel Regiment" at the first bugle-call to battle in 1861 sharing with Wvatt and l 
his comrades the first honors of the war, the breast of Robert H. Ricks was bared to he enemy"! bullets hundreds 
ttr mSShSm °A h l bel °ved Southland. And when the Star of the Confederacy had Ely se : £ agony and 
fighting. "'"d the bloody horizon at Appomattox, Robert H. Ricks and his famous ''Manley's Battery" were st"ll 


During the last fighting around Appomattox, having charged further ahead than had been anticipated, Mr. Ricks' 



;ommand in some way became cut off from the main body of Southern troops (here they delivered their last artillery 
ire of the war, having an opportunity to fire point-blank in the face of Sheridan's charging cavalry, and did terrible 
execution. Henry Biggs, uncle of the present Judge J. Crawford Biggs, was killed in the fight); and when the last 
lope was gone, and it became known to them that their beloved "Marse Roberf'had at last become enveloped in the 
reat mass of attacking hosts and had yielded to the inevitable, Mr. Ricks with two other kindred spirits "took to the 
nountains", determined that as they had followed the Stars and Bars four years without yielding, at that late day 
heir arms should not be stricken at Federal command. For fourteen days, Mr. Ricks, on foot and after a time having 
become separated from his companions, traversed the woods and mountains, keeping under cover and living as best 
le could. He crossed the Dan River at Leaksville, and finally arrived at home in Nash county, footsore and weary, 
Dut still unconquered and under no oath or parole. Thus was demonstrated, the same indomitable spirit and courage 
hat have meant so much since the war in this man's efforts to build up his wasted and impoverished South. 

We write it here in plain words, but it should be written in letters of gold, that not once in those four ensanguined 
»rears of the bloodiest war known to history, did Mr. Ricks' battery ever retreat from a charge in front. Twenty-one 
;harges were sustained at Spottsylvania Court House; at Cold Harbor, the wheels of the gun Mr. Ricks was operat- 
ng were actually shot down with minie balls, so completely that new wheels had to be put on before the gun could 
3e moved, the only instance of the kind on record, and Mr. Ricks himself was struck five times in this one fight; yet 


his battery never retreated from a front attack and he never surrendered. History, ancient or modern cannot furn- 
ish a more glorious record. Belonging to the same battery, were Thomas Rolac, afterward a United States Judge 
in Alabama, William Jones, for years Mayor of Petersburg, Va., Ex-Sheriff Atkinson of Johnston county and other 
men whose valiant conduct on hard-fought fields furnished a forecast of their subsequent achievements. 

"And since that dark day in the Spring-Time, 
, "When a nation's sun went down," 

Mr. Ricks like his suffering mater dolorosa, Carolina, has just as bravely, and with the same sublime fortitude 
taken up the more harassing battle of Peace, and has wrought a great man's work in helping to raise from the 
ashes of ruined homes and fortunes, a new and beautiful commonwealth, infinitely stronger and richer in material 
wealth and prosperity, but withal, holding fast to the honor and high ideals of our fathers. Returning as stated 
above, after the Surrender," heartsick, but strong and unafraid, young Ricks went back to work with an old bach- 
elor named Wells, with whom he had lived before the war, and now began again at the princely (?) salary of $10 per 
month and keep". Those were hard days, but young Ricks saved his money. When he had accumulated $300 
(his salary having been raised in the meantime) he made his first investment in stock of the old Wilmington & Weldon 
Railroad, now a part of the Atlantic Coast Line system. This proved a fortunate investment, showing even that 
early the sound business judgment of the young investor, and on a later sale, netted him $600 profit Mr Wells 
soon after died leaving young Ricks additional stock in this railroad, which he sold for $1600 In 187J Mr Ricks 
came to Rocky Mount and built a house on Church Street, hauling in the timber himself at night from the country 
He sold this house at a profit of $300, and for some time, continued to build houses and sell them. From this period 
his rise financially has been substantially rapid. Today he is Rocky Mount's and this section's wealthiest citizen It 
has seemed that he has had only to connect himself with a business to render it very successful. This of course has 
been due to executive ability, unerring judgment of men, and to the high standard and just methods of all his com- 
mercial dealings. He has been "square" to his fellow man, and his fellow man has known he could trust him 

hver a busy man and much occupied with his large and varied business interests, Mr. Ricks has yet made sacri- 
fices and found time to serve his county and state to their great satisfaction and profit in a number of public stations 
1 he people have been delighted to honor him, and never has this failed of the utmost warrant in his case He was 
tor tour years on the Board of Commissioners of Nash county; a member of the North Carolina House of Repre- 
sentatives in 1903: State Senator from Nash in 1905; a member of the Board of Education for four years and its 
chairman; member of the Board of Directors of the State Penitentiary; and member of the Board of Trustees of the 


North Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical College. In each of these capacities, Mr. Ricks has served with honor 
to himself and with signal credit to the public. 



The poor and the needy, as well as deserving men struggling under difficulties, have found in Mr Ricks a wise 
counsellor and a friend whose hand was open. At one time, when the Rocky Mount Graded Schools were in tem- 
porary straits, Mr. Ricks contributed $800. from his own pocket to meet their pressing needs. This is but one 
instance of many where he has come to the rescue of deserving men and things when they were hard pressed 

As a planter, Mr. Ricks has for years been blazing the way for better and more scientific farming methods and 
cultivation, and consequently more remunerative agriculture. He was the pioneer in this section in the growth and 
culture of tobacco, which has since become such a great industry here. Here was illustrated the foresight and judg- 
ment that have been such prominent characteristics of his business career. Mr. Ricks owns some 1600 acres of the 
best-situated, most highly improved and most valuable farming lands in Nash county, besides his extensive real estate 
holdings in the city of Rocky Mount. His large plantation, five miles from the city, and his modern and intensive 
farming methods, and machinery, are a model for the farmers of this section. His plantation home is a gem, from 
standpoints of beauty, convenience and architecture. The broad and beautiful grounds surrounding his home were 
laid out by an expert landscape artist, and constitute one of the loveliest views in the county. Stately oaks and sweet 
magnolias add to the beauty of the surroundings. 





On this plantation, cotton, tobacco, corn and grasses reach their highest state of cultivation and production. Mr. 
Ricks has the gift of maintaining an ideal state of efficiency and order among his tenants. Perhaps his unquestioned 
justice, and his consideration for their needs and comfort, account in a measure for this. His tenant houses are well 
built and commodious, and are all painted and well-cared for. Every facility is at hand for the cultivation and hand- 
ling of the crops through every stage and process, and the use of machinery wherever possible is the rule. 

Mr. Ricks was married in 1874, to Miss Tempie Thome, of the prominent family of that name, and their union 
has been a notably congenial and happy one. They have no children; but the children of others, not so well provid- 
ed with this world's goods, have many times had reason to bless their goodness and liberality in the furnishing of 
means for education, etc. 

As a banker, manufacturer, industrial captain and capitalist, the people of Rocky Mount respect and love Robert 
H. Ricks, for his rectitude, great ability, absolute justice and generosity; but it is as the young soldier of the South, 


his heart fired with iove of his state and with the daring and fortitude of his nature, that he is still dearer to them— the 
boy in homespun charging the house with his martyr comrade Wyatt at Bethel, and fleeing to the mountains rather 
than taste bitter surrender in the last sad hours of the conflict. A tie that links us with the loved Past and with the 
shades of those who died for the Lost Cause on a hundred battlefields, the living incarnation of the tremendous force 
that has resulted from the mingling and fusion of the honor and courage of the Old South, with the progress and in- 
dustrial spirit of the New— 

So, here we present him to you, "My Lords and Gentlemen," our First Citizen,, Senator-Soldier-Industrial 
Captain, and Master Builder; but above all, the type of which "Nature can stand up and say before all the world: 
'This is a MAN.' " 


details of the insurance business. She is a member of one of the foremost families in this section and is universally 

Mr. Paul Gorham, who has entire control of the rental department, also comes of one of the pioneer families of 
this section. He has been with the firm for several years and his success in the able management of his depart- 
ment of the business has proven his ability. 

Mr. Jacob Battle, Jr., who recently accepted a position as book-keeper, is one of the most competent in the city. 
He has held several important similar positions and was secured by this firm upon its becoming general agents of The 
Underwriters Fire Insurance Co. of Rocky Mount. He is a son of Judge Jacob Battle and one of the family of that 
name which has achieved such prominence and acquired many honors in the history of the State. 

Mr. W. S. Wilkinson is the general agent of the Maryland Life Insurance Co., of Baltimore for Eastern Carolina 
and has placed a large amount of business for that company. 






their share to the prosperity above outlined, being the mainstay ot the country and rendering the era ot prosperity 
possible and to them should be given more than a liberal share of credit. Unfortunately the seasons have been 
noor for the past few years and the crops have been worse than poor, and the farmer has suffered thereby, and some 
§f them have become discouraged; but to the intelligent, who study the signs of the times, a brighter day is in store 
for the tobacco raiser The trade conditions are better than ever before. The large companies are invading China, 
Japan Corea and other countries, where the opium habit has enthralled the masses for centuries and are now sup- 
Wanting : that deadly curse with the cigarette, and the pipe, filled with fragrant North Carolina tobacco and are eman- 
dpSthose people from the slavery that has held them bound for years, and are doing beneficial work, paving 
Se way for a more enlightened civilization.. The leaf tobacco dealers are extending heir trade and finding new 
outlets for tobacco all the time, while independent manufacturers are multiplying rapidly on all sides. Thus the con- 
sumption of tobacco is rapidly increasing while the production is scarcely keeping pace With same. Then too .with 
the new methods of fertilization, as taught by the government experts, improved fertilizers being used he quality of 
he leaf will doubtless be improved also, and command a larger price-one that is remunerative, and it would be un- 
wise for the farmer to abandon the production of tobacco just when the time is a hand when he can reap the : ull re- 
ward of his labor. It is a wise farmer that does not put all his eggs in one basket, but diversifies his crop, Panting 
only so much as he can well care for and give the proper cultivation to same. Cotton is selling high now but who 
knows when it will reach the low level of 1901-2 when it sold for 4 to 5c. and tobacco was selling at 10 to 12c. and but 
for Tat staple the whole country might have been bankrupt. So let's diversify the crops, some cotton some 
nenniits and some tobacco and if we fail on one crop we may hit it on another and thus continue the tide of pros- 
Serrtv thatis sweeping o?er our fair land We have the best land and the best people on earth and with the proper 
efforts put forth, all working together in a spirit of unanimity, employing the best and most scientific methods, ws 
can make this section of the country blossom like the rose. 



The Leading Financial Institution of Rocky Mount, and Nash 
and Edgecombe Counties— Has the Largest Resources 

The banks of a city usually furnish an unfailing barometer by which to judge of its progressiveness and worth. 
If the banks are in full sympathy with every progressive movement, backing them up when consistent, with an eye 

, always to helping forward the small business that is deserving, as well as the larger 

ones, the effect of such a policy is felt in the quickening of business in every channel 
of trade; and the city having such banks is bound to be a live and growing one. 

THE PLANTERS BANK OF ROCKY MOUNT was born in the progressive 
spirit, and of men who typify the liberal and aggressive policy above outlined. In 
every movement for the upbuilding of the city and county since the organization of 
this bank, its officers, directors and stockholders have been leaders, and the support 
of this strong institution has been a chief reliance. 

The men behind this bank, from its president on down, are men who have per- 
formed a large share in making the city and community what they are today and the 
large interests of these men are all centered here. 

THE PLANTERS BANK was organized in 1899, to meet the demand for greater 
and more ample banking facilities brought about by the rapid growth of the city, and 
to foster and encourage new industries. It has been the uni'crm policy of the bank 
officials, as well as their pleasure, to encourage small deposi':;rs, liberally uphold them 
when deserving, and extend them every courtesy which the larger depositors receive. 
The result of this policy can be plainly seen in the great popularity and strength of 
this bank among the smaller businesses and among the farmers of this section, as well as among the business concerns 
of larger capital and greater scope. In fact, the consideration with which this bank treats its customers, and the pleas- 



, . J,II . ..111.. III. 





Asst. Cashier 

ant manner in which all business done with them is transacted has become axiomatic, the customers feeling that in 
the bank officials, they have friends and valuable business advisers as well as bankers 

A bank conducted along these lines was bound to become a tremendous force in the community and the follow- 
ing comparative statement will furnish some idea of the rapid and substantial growth in capital, deposits and resources, 
of this popular institution. 


Capital Surplus and Profits Deposits Resources 

Jan. 1, 1904 


17,458.91 158,833.01 


Jan. 1, 1905 





Jan. 1, 1906 





Jan. 1, 1910 





Jan. 1, 1911 






valued patrons 

Richmond, are its correspondents. e . , a . ,. „„_ 

The Board of Directors is an especially fine one, every name on it standing for honor, financial strength cour- 
tesy, care, and efficiency. The following stockholders are members of the Board of Directors: M C. braswell 
(merchant, planter and capitalist, Battleboro, N. C.) H. B. Bryan Planter, Bat eboro, N. C.) Geo. S. Edwards 
head ofG S. Edwards & Co. Wholesale Grocers of Rocky Mount) M. R Braswell (Physician retired and plante.) 
J. R. Sorsby (head of Standard Hardware Co.) J. C. Braswell (President) Jno.M. Sherrod (Planter: Whitakers, N. 
C and Vice-President) W. H. Newell (General Supt. A. C. L. Railroad Co.,) W. T. Wilhford (Merchant) W. S. 
Wilkinson (of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co.) H. B. Marriott (Physician of Battleboro.) 

The above names are a guarantee which no man can gainsay, and the sufficiency of which almost every citizen 


of Rocky Mount and this section fully knows that the affairs of this bank must be conducted with the greatest meas- 
ure of care, ability and integrity known to the business of banking. 


An army, no matter of how brave and valiant individual units it might be composed, would fail in battle without a 
great and resourceful commander. And also, the policy, and success of any business of consequence must reflect in 
a great measure, the qualities of the guiding and directing force. No institution like THE PLANTERS BANK 
could have been created and built to its present magnificent potentiality in the business life of Rocky Mount, without 
an industrial captain at its head that combined in his character, the elements of splendid ability, unquestionable in- 
tegrity, and a natural capacity for leadership of men. James C. Braswell, the President of The Planters Eank, has 
all these and more. His training has been ideal, and a great business ability and fine sense of honor, were his, by 
inheritance. His father, "Squire" T. P. Braswell, was for two score years, one of the most influential, most re- 
spected and best loved men in this part of the state. 

From his early youth Mr. J. C. Braswell has been one of the towering forces for good and for progress in Rocky 
Mount, lending his support to every worthy cause and frequently leading where a high order of courage has been 
required. He is President of The Planters Bank, President and Treasurer of The Rocky Mount Sash & Blind Co., 
one of our largest manufacturing enterprises; of Braswell & Levy, among the largest leaf tobacco dealers in North 
Carolina; President of The Rocky Mount Hosiery Mills; President of The Marygold Heights Land Co.; Secretary 
of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., leading insurance agents and real estate dealers; Treasurer of the Underwriters Fire 
Insurance Company of Rocky Mount; Vice-President of The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co.; and President of 
The Citizens Building & Loan Association, which is performing such a fine service in making Rocky Mount a city of 
home-owners. His high standing in banking circles is shown by the fact that he is First Vice-President of The North 
Carolina Bankers Association, a post of honor to which none but the state's soundest and ablest financiers are ever 

One would think it difficult for a man carrying such extensive and varied business responsibilities, to find any 
time for public duties beyond those of a private citizen. And it speaks volumes for the apparently unlimited capacity 
of this man, that he has found time to wield one of the largest influences for clean and economical municipal govern- 
ment in Rocky Mount for twenty years past. For 17 years consecutively, Mr. Braswell has been a member of the 
Board of Aldefmen, and one of the controlling forces in that body. He is now Chairman of the Finance Committee, 


which has in charge all the city's financial affairs. He is also one of the most influential members and supporters of 
the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce, and was its first President. 

The power and capacity of such a man actively enlisted as Mr. Braswell has always been in the forces of Weal 
and Progress, is incalculable; and adding to this the fact that with his business and other connections, he commands 
almost unlimited resources, speaking in a local sense, it can readily be seen to what extent the city must ever remain 
his debtor. 

It should be said too, in this connection, that as Mr. Braswell and his associates have to a large degree, all been 
"the architects of their own fortunes," some of them coming up under very adverse circumstances, those honestly 
struggling to rise, have always found in him, a sane and friendly adviser, and one who does not hesitate to extend 
a helping hand in time of need. 

Mr. Braswell is a large owner of Rocky Mount real estate and of farming lands. His home on North Church 
St., is one of the handsomest in this part of the state. 

Mr. Braswell was married about ten years ago, to Miss Grizzelle Burton, the charming and accomplished daugh- 
ter of Mr. R. C. Burton. Three children, two boys, Jas. Craig, Jr., and Robert Russell, both fine and intelligent 
young fellows, and one charming little girl, Lillian, have blessed the home life of Mr. and Mrs. Braswell. 

Mr. Braswell was born in 1868, and therefore is now only 43 years of age — scarcely yet in the full maturity of 


The Vice-President of The Planters Bank, Mr. John M. Sherrod, is a man "you can tie to"— a businessman of 
sound worth, who has been successful to a very gratifying degree. His name and character stand for integrity. 
Mr. Sherrod is one of the largest land-owners in Edgecom'be County, and one of its wealthiest citizens. With the 
large resources, he has scores of time extended his hand with financial assistance to those in need, and scores have 
cause to bless his liberality and generous nature. 


The cashier of The Planters Bank is Mr. John W. Aycock, and it would be hard to find in all North Carolina, a 
man better fitted for the responsible duties of the position. 

Mr. Aycock was born Oct. 4th, 1872 on a farm in Wilson Co., N. C. His father early moved to Johnston Co., 
and there Mr. Aycock was reared on the farm, developing that self-reliance, and sense of responsibility which many 


sav is hard to acquire elsewhere. Mr. Aycock attended school and held a number of minor positions up to 1892 
when he went to Gddsboro as bookkeeper for B. M. Privett & Co., Wholesale Grocers. While with this firm, the 
Shier of The Bank of Wayne, noting the strict business habits and fine ability of the young man, (who was practi- 
cally a stranger to him) offered him a position as asst. bookkeeper in the bank Mr. Aycock accepted and as has 
always been his record "made good.'' This was Jan. 1, 1894. In August 1900 Mr. Aycock was elected Assistant 
Sr o = The Bank of Wayne and held that position with great satisfaction to the bank until April 1, 1905 when he 
resigned to accept the responsible and lucrative office of State Bank Examiner or North Carolina. Mr. Aycock s 
services o the state were eminently satisfactory, but he resigned; and went back in the banking business in 1906 or- 
ganizing and I launching a new bank, The National Bank of Greenville, N C and being elected its ; Cashier In less 
than a year, this bank under Mr. Aycock's administration had grown until its deposits were above $125,000.00, a fine 
record for the first year. . . 

In Oct. 1907, Mr. Aycock was elected Cashier of The Planters Bank of Rocky Mount, and accepted, resigning 
his position with 'the Greenville bank, and coming to Rocky Mount. 

Since his coming to this city, Mr. Aycock's influence has steadily been growing, and he is today, not only one 
of the mos t popular bank officials in Rocky Mount, but a highly valued and very useful citizen. He is a director of 
The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co., a stockholder in the Rocky Mount Hos.ery Mills, and a Director and, 
Secretary & Treasurer of The Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce. 

Mr. Aycock was married in Dec. 1903, to Miss Kate Darden, charming daughter of the late Capt. W. A. 
Darden of Greene County. 


The assistant cashier of The Planters Bank is Mr. William Whitehead Avera a native Nash County boy, and 
one of the most popular and most respected of the younger business element of the city. Mr. Avera was born in 
Rocky Mount Dec 12, 1877 and was educated at Oak Ridge Institute. His first business experience was as book- 
keeper for The Tar River Lumber Co. At the organization of The Planters Bank ,n 1899 the stockholders recog- 
nizing his fine character and business capacity, elected him bookkeeper, in which position he served most acceptably 
for 3 years, and was then promoted to the position of Assistant Cashier. 

He resigned in 1904 to go into the mercantile business. However he came to recognize that banking was his 


proper vocation, and in April 1910, on the resignation of Mr. C. V. Brown to be Asst. State Bank Examiner, Mr. 
Avera was again elected, and accepted the position of Asst. Cashier of The Planters Bank. Mr. Avera is efficient, 
and courteous, and possesses the full confidence of the public. The future should be bright for him. He married 
Miss Kate Rawlings, daughter of Mr. F. M. Rawlings, of Battleboro. Mrs. Avera died in Feb. 1907. 

Mr. Peter B. Doub, the bank's bookkeeper, is a young man of fine parts, who is competently and satisfactorily 
filling a position that requires great accuracy and fine ability. Mr. Doub is a native of Lee County and is 20 years 
of age. 

Mr. Sam T. Mallison the bank's collector, it is safe to say, has not a superior in town in his work, which really 
calls for a high order of courtesy, diplomacy and business ability. He is always courteous, and while looking closely 
after the bank's interests, he yet has the tact and gift of maintaining the most pleasant relations with the people with 
whom he comes in contact. 

In fact, as has been stated it has become an axiom with this bank and its employees, that no matter what sort or 
class of business is to be transacted, the utmost courtesy and consideration on the part of the bank must obtain and 
be exercised. 

And so admirably have the officials and employees of this institution been selected, that the practice of this rule 
is not only not a burden, but is a pleasant privilege. Appreciation of business is not only felt, but is shown in all 
their dealings with the public. 


This article should not be closed without a word about the elegant building which The Planters Bank owns and 
in which it does business. 

The bank building is a massive 3-story structure of pressed brick and granite. Architecturally, it is of very 
handsome design and appearance, and is thoroughly modern in its appointments and conveniences. It fronts 40 feet 
on Main St.; running west on Sunset Avenue 110 feet to Howard St.; fronting 40 ft. on Howard St. That part of 
the building on Howard St., and Sunset Ave., is occupied on the first floor by Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., and the 
Underwriters Fire Insurance Co., the second floor by offices, and the third floor by fraternal organizations. The 
banking rooms on Main St., and Sunset Ave., are large and commodious and handsomely finished, in all respects fit 
quarters for this strong and leading financial institution. 



By ROBERT E. RANSON, County Superintendent of Schools. 

It will be the purpose of this article to give some information in regard to the school system of Nash county. 
Frequently questions are asked concerning the number of schools, number of children, and about other matters of 
concern to those who have an interest in the welfare of Nash County. It will be our purpose to answer briefly 
questions It is felt that the people should have as full and accurate information about their schools as it is possible 
to give Unfortunately this writer hasn't at hand statistics showing a history of the growth of the school system in 
Nash County but he is persuaded that the record of growth has been most remarkable, and he has been told that 
wonderful improvements in school circles have taken place within the past ten (10) years. Some of the figures are 
for the year 1909-1910, as the final reports for the present school year have not been sent in. Again the totals with 
the exception of the Census reports, do not include the schools of Rocky Mount, Spring Hope, and Sharpsburg, as 
these schools operate under special charters. 

According to the Census reports there are 6197 white school children m the county and 4199 colored children, 
making a total of 10396. In Rocky Mount, there are 745 white children and 514 colored on the Nash side; in Sharps- 
burg 54 whites and 50 colored, and in Spring Hope there are 319 whites and 405 colored. In Nash County outside 
of the school districts operating under special charters there are 5079 white children and 3229 colored children. 
During this school year, 52 schools with 88 teachers are being taught for the white children. 32 of these are one- 
teacher schools. In the number of teachers, all the teachers at Whitakers (4) and at Battleboro (4 are c ° u . n , ted ' 
although the children on the Edgecombe side are not given in the Census report. For the 3229 colored children 
there are 38 schools with 39 teachers. Last year $16654.10 was paid to white teachers and $3857.12 to colored 
teachers This year the amount to white teachers will be a fraction more, while the amount lo colored teachers will 
be a little less These figures do not include the amounts paid teachers in the schools operating under special charters 
nor to the teachers in the Battleboro and Whitakers schools. The financial report made by the Co. Supt in July of 
last year showed that the total school fund for the year 1909-1910 was $44306.29. Of this amount $4742 57 was a 
balance on hand June 30, 1909; $21689.46 county school fund; $2390.96, fines, etc ; sale of property $298.68; exami- 
nation of teachers $180; insurance $1750; total county funds not including balance $26313 23. The total local tax fund 
was $7671 31 The total received from the State last year was $4725.43, this including $2500 loan fund and $500 tor 
high schools. The total fund was increased by private donations of $85 for libraries and $768 1.75 for buildings. 
$39945.42 of the above amount was expended, leaving on hand July 1 1910 a balance of $4360.87. $215.26.60 was 


Spent for teachers and superintendent; $9404.42 was spent for buildings and supplies; $1552.01 was paid for adminis- 
tration, this including $755.16 for county treasurer; mileage and per diem of county board, charges for taking census, 
holding elections, etc., $802.92 represents the borrowed money repaid; $2375. 1 1 was transferred to public high school 
fund, and $4284.36 was paid to the schools operating under special charters. The teachers of the high schools were 
paid from the amount transferred to the high school fund, and the salaries of the high school teachers are not included 
in the amount given above for white teachers. 

The special tax for this year will be $9559.12 and the general county tax will amount to $22473.21. These are 
the amounts after all errors, insolvents and the sheriff's commissions have been deducted. It is impossible to tell at 
this time what the other funds will amount to, as this will not be known until the end of school year. 

There are twenty-two local tax districts in the county, seven having been established during the past year, add- 
ing nearly $2,000 to the local tax fund. There are thirty-three rural libraries, eleven of these having been established 
within the past two years. There are fifty-one white school houses with an estimated value of $39,200 and thirty- 
seven colored school houses valued at $6,470, making a total of $46,170, forty-six of the white schools and four of 
the colored schools are reported as equipped with Datent desks. At Mt. Pleasant and Red Oak High Schools hand- 
Some dormitories were built last year. These, with the furniture, are worth fully $6,000. Free tuition is given all 
high school pupils of the county at these schools. Board is given at cost. Free tuition is also given high school 
pupils at the whitakers school, which is also one of the State high schools. 

Of the 6, 197 white children of the county 3,389 live in districts where the term has been extended by local tax. 
During the school year 1909-10, more than $1,600 was expended in the various districts, not local tax districts, for 
extending the school term. $1,521.75 was raised by the teachers and pupils of the county for Betterment Work. 
The money was expended in painting school houses, in buying pictures, teacher's desks and chairs, window shades, 
and other things that make school houses more attractive. This year at the suggestion of the county superintendent 
prizes of $25 have been offered to the two schools raising the most money for Betterment Work. One prize will go 
to the school having a census of more than 100 and the other to the school having a census of less than 100. 


This company is one of the most successful manufacturing enterprises in the city, and one of the best managed. 
The high grade of work done has created for this plant, a wide and very desirable market for its product. Among 
the different products turned out are Sash, Doors, Blinds, Mouldings, Mantels and Turned Work. Everything re- 
quired in a building of wood can be furnished by this plant. A full line of glass, in every size that can be desired, is 
also carried. The reputa- 
tion for making the best 
gradeof furnishings in their 
line, has been steadily built 
up by the most rigid inspec- 
tion of every article turned 
out, only the most expert 
labor being used, and 
honest and conscientious 
filling of every order. The 
fine inside work in many 
of the handsomest Rocky 
Mount residencesand other 
>uildings and indeed all 
over Eastern North Car- 
olina and elsewhere, testify 
to the high quality of the 
products of this plant. 

This company has ample 
capital behind it and is 
therefore never at a loss 
for any funds necessary for 

improvements and enlargement. Its president, Mr. J. C. Braswell, is one of the great industrial and financial lead- 
ers of this section. The active manner is Mr. J. C. Wynne, a man with long experience in the business and most 
admirably equipped in the way of ability and managerial capacity for his important and responsible duties. 



Rocky Mount's growth has been unprecedented, but no more marked than one of its most progressive 
institutions, the First National Bank, and the only national 
bank doing business in Rocky Mount. The bank receiv- 
ed its charter from the national government in 1904, and 
began business on the morning of Aug. 16th, that year, 
since which time it has grown in strength and usefulness. 

Its directors are R. D. Bulluck, P. C. Shore, Gaston 
G. Levy, T. T. Thorne, W. H. Home, Geo. L. Wimber- 
ly, Jr., Sidney P. Hilliard and Jos. B. Ramsey, business 
men in whose judgment and integrity the people of Rocky 
Mount have full confidence. 

Under the national banking system, it is the duty of 
these directors to meet once each month and direct the af- 
fairs of the institution, and they perform that duty with 
unfailing regularity. The strong arm of the government 
requires that each national bank be conducted on a high 
plane and in such a manner as to safe-guard the funds of 
the bank and to further the financial interests of its deposi- 
tors. The conservative, liberal and independent policy of 
the First National Bank has made it a principal factor in 
the financial life of this community. 

The first home of the bank was in the Tillery Building, 
on North Main Street, but recently it has established new 
quarters in the handsome Shore Building, corner Tarboro 
and Washington Streets, so that its present bank : ng rooms 
compare favorably with any in Eastern North Carolina. 

Among the stockholders of the bank are many of the 
first citizens cf Nash and Edgecombe Counties, in which 




two counties the city of Rocky Mount is situated. The stock of the bank is so weii 
a representative body, that the bank's policy is assured to be a broad and liberal one 
safe-guard the funds of the bank and then to serve the interests of the public in 
every way possible. 

By straightforward, liberal, progressive business methods and fair treatment 
of its patrons, the First National Bank has taken strong hold on the affections and 
confidence of the people, and its doors, during banking hours, are constantly kept 
ajar by loyal men, women and children, who have become acquainted with its 
Savings Department slogan "Safest for Savings". 

The following comparisons give a true estimate of the bank's present condition 
and it's progress: 

Aug. 16, 1904 March 13. 1911 

Loans and Discounts $ 20.00 $165,760.89 

Surplus and Profits 60.00 5,473.30 

Deposits 1,349.49 205,929.07 

Resources 27,204.16 262,122.23 

Those in need of the services of a sound banking institution are generally 
more or less interested in the personnel of its active officers, as a legitimate busi- 
ness is likely to succeed only under active, wise and prudent management. The 
customers of the First National Bank have every assurance that its management is 
second to none in this city. 

The president, Mr. Jos. B. Ramsey, is among the first young men of Eastern 
North Carolina. On both sides of honorable parentage, it is but natural that in the 
son should be reflected the sturdy characteristics of the parents. His father was 
the late beloved and lamented F. Y. Ramsey, who spent his entire life in this com- 
munity, and was one of its leading citizens. His mother, Miss Lucy Bunn, of 
Nash County, was a member of the prominent family of that name, and is remem- 
bered for her lovely character and disposition. Mr. Ramsey was prepared for 
college in the High School of Rocky Mount, and was graduated from the University 
of North Carolina with distinction. He afterwards read law under the late Judge 


scattered, and its directors such 
Its officers have tried first, to 

JOS. B. RAMSEY. President 

James C. McRae, at the State University, from which he received his degree of Bachelor of Laws, and began the 
practice of his profession in Rocky Mount. He enjoys a large and growing practice, and ranks high as an active 
lawyer and banker. Few men at the age of twenty-nine have accomplished more 
— mayor of the city, judge of the Recorder's Court and president of a leading bank, 
and yet Mr. Ramsey wears his mantle without ostentation or conceit. He has al- 
ways been a strong supporter toward any movement for the up-building and im- 
provement of Rocky Mount, and has frequently urged upon those in authority the 
need of public improvements. He is one of the city's most progressive citizens. 
By training, temperament and natural ability, he is eminently qualified to fill the 
position he holds. 

Dr. Sidney P. Hilliard, Vice-President, is a large property owner in and out 
of Rocky Mount, and is one of the best known and most accomplished dentists in 
the State. A pupil for several years of the celebrated Richard B Winder, Dean of 
the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, he has achieved not only business and 
professional success, but has a most desirable clientele. When elected President 
of the North Carolina Dental Society in 1889, he was the youngest member ever 
so honored. He was a member of the State Dental Examining Board from 1893 
to 1908, during which period of fifteen years he rendered valuable services to the 
State and his profession. He lends strength to any enterprise with which he is 

Dr. G. L. Wimberly, Vice-President of the First National Bank, is one of the 
most substantial citizens of Rocky Mount. Enjoying a large practice, and having 
invested wisely and prudently, he is regarded as one of the most prominent busi- 
ness men of the city. His advice and counsel largely shapes the policy of the 
bank and materially adds to its rapid advancement. He is the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. G. L. Wimberley, two of Edgecombe County's most lovable citizens. Em- 
braced in their long life of usefulness are many acts of charity and kindness. 
Dr. Wimberley by marriage is most highly connected, having married Miss Mary 
Bunn, daughter of Hon. and Mrs B. H. Bunn of Nash, the mention of whose r. b. davis. jr.. G«hi« 


names is suggestive of the highest type of Southern honor and chivalry. Mrs. Wimberley, by her lovely di 
tion and charming personality, adorns the home of the doctor and has greatly assisted him in reaching the 
manding position he holds in the community. 

The Bank's Cashier, Mr. R. B. Davis, Jr., is a native of New Hanover 
County and a member of a distinguished family, on his mother's side largely identi- 
fied with the early development of the Cape Fear Section. His father is a native 
of Virginia and a prominent Confederate soldier, besides being a man of wide 
learning and information Mr. Davis first began his business career in the em- 
ploy of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company, at Wilmington, N. C, with 
which Company he was associated when transferred to a more important position 
at Rocky Mount. Soon after coming here, he forsaw the progress Rocky Mount 
was destined to make and resigned his position to enter business for himself He 
engaged in the insurance and real estate business and became a leader in the 
insurance life of Rocky Mount. Mr. Davis afterwards accepted a position as 
secretary and treasurer of the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Company, 
a corporation doing a very large business here, and still later became Special Agent 
for the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company, of this city, from which position 
he resigned to become cashier of the First National Bank. Mr. Davis has had 
varied experience in the business world, and is unusually well qualified for his 
present position. No man in this community is more highly esteemed, or enjoys 
the confidence of the people to a greater extent. He is a member of the City 
Board of Assessors, and is perhaps more familiar with local real estate values than 
any man in the city. Patrons of the bank, and citizens generally, when in need of 
information concerning property values, invariably seek his counsel. He is at 
present President of the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce and a member 
of its directorate. No man in Rocky Mount has labored more faithfully and un- 
selfishly for the growth of the city than he, and his efforts have borne good fruit. 
Mr. Davis' ability, integrity and business judgment mark him as a man of the 
highest qualites. A few years ago he was married to Miss Annie Lee Bunn, a 


S- G SILLS. Atsistant Cashier 


daughter of the IateB. H. Burin, Ex-Congressman from this District, who perhaps had a wider influence in Nash 
County than any man who ever lived in its borders. The unprecedented growth of the First National Bank is large- 
ly due to Mr. Davis' able management and the confidence the public reposes in him. 

Mr. S. G. Sills, Assistant Cashier, is one of the most competent accountants in the city. His uniform courtesy 
makes it a great pleasure to transact business with him, and his reputation for integrity is firmly established and be- 
yond question. His father is the esteemed Clerk of the Superior Court of Nash County, and the name of Sills, 
wherever it is known, signifies honesty of purpose and faithful performance of every trust. Mr. Sills is a most val- 
uable man to the bank, and has added largely to its friends and prestige. 

Benjanrn H. Bunn, Bookkeeper for the First National Bank, is a young man of promise and counts his 
friends by his acquaintances. He is adding to the popularity of the bank by his pleasing manners and attention to the 
wants of its patrons. 

Miss Sarah Gorham, Stenographer, by efficiency and by the charm of person and manner, is a valuable assistant 
to the working force of the First National Bank. 

Hon. T. T. Thome, Attorney for the First National Bank, is widely and favorably known both at home and 
abroad. The people of his city have honored him continuously for almost two decades, and to every position of 
trust that he has been called, he has always answered with the verdict of "well done and with clean hands". Mr. 
Thorne combines all of the qualities of an able lawyer, a man of the highest personal integrity, a business man of 
pronounced ability, and a very attractive personality. 



Lawyer, Senator and Mayor 

Theophilus T. Thorne, the subject of this sketch, has been for twenty years, since his first coming to Rocky 
Mount, one of the effective forces for good in the community. Eminent as a lawyer, one of the leaders of the bar of 
the Fourth Judicial District, he is also one of the most influential public leaders of the city and county, a man whom 
the people feel that they can trust without hazard, and who has ever justified their faith. 

Mr. Thorne was born in Edgecombe county, N. C. Aug. 9, 1867, and is therefore 43 years of age having scarcely 
yet reached the full vigor and intellectual power of mature manhood. He is a son of the late T. T. Thorne, Sr., 
who was a prominent citizens of Halifax county, and of Mrs. Mary (Cutchin) Thorne, of the well known Edgecombe 
family of Cutchin. 

Mr. Thorne was educated in the public schools of his county and at Whitikers Academy. He studied law under 
his brother, Hon. W. C. Thorne, and under R. O. Burton, Jr., one of the most gifted lawyers of the Raleigh Bar. 
He received license to practice law in the fall of 1889, and at once located at Enfield, N. C, and began the practice 
with his brother above referred to. In 1890, Mr. Thorne moved to Battleboro, N. C, where he remained one year, 
during which time he was elected Mayor of that town. In 1890, he came to Rocky Mount for permanent location. 

It was quickly observed by the public that he was a lawyer of unusual ability, both in thorough mastery of the 
profound and intricate principles of the Law, and as an advocate at the bar. And it was also seen that he was the 
sort of MAN in whom confidence could safely be reposed. Therefore, he prospered, and developed and broad- 
ened. He soon formed a partnership with the well-loved and distinguished Judge Dorsey Battle, which connection 
continued until the election of Judge Battle in 1898 to the Judgeship of the Eastern Criminal Court. In 1896, Mr. 
Thorne was elected a member of the Board of Aldermen of the city, and was re-elected consecutively for 13 years, 
until he was chosen as Mayor of the city in May 1909. During 12 of the 13 years Mr. Thorne served 
on the Board of Aldermen, he was Mayor Pro Tern, and during three of these years, he was both Mayor 
Pro Tern and City Clerk. In 1896, the year of the disgraceful Fusion catastrophe in North Carolina Mr. Thorne 
was the Democratic Candidate for the House of Representatives in Nash county, and went down to defeat with the 
balance of the ticket in the general disaster. In 1906, the Democratic party in the seventh senatorial district com- 


posed of Nash, Wilson and Franklin counties 
by the overwhelming majority of over 

at once 


nominated Mr. Thorne for the State Senate, and he was elected 
4200 in the district. He was an able and conscientious representative, 
taking high rank in the Senate. In 1909, as hereinbefore stated, Mr. 
Thorne was elected Mayor and Recorder of the city of Rocky Mount, and his 
administration of the city government set a high water mark for clean govern- 
ment, enforcement of the law and general efficiency. He resigned the Mayoralty 
upon his reelection to the State Senate in the fall of 1910. In the Senate of 191 1, 
it can safely be said, that no Senator stood higher in the matter of influence 
or in the respect and esteem felt for him by his colleagues, than "the hand- 
some and silver tongued Senator from Nash," as Mr. Thorne was termed by 
Senator Long of Iredell. His committee assignments clearly proved that he was 
regarded as one of the very ablest men in the Senate. He was Chairman of the 
Committees on Corporation Commission; on Legislative Apportionment; on Rules; 
and on Enrolled Bills; four of the most important Chairmanships, and was a mem- 
ber of the following committees: Banks and Currency ; Counties, Cities and Towns; 
Election Law; Finance; Institutions for the Blind; Insurance; Judiciary; Public 
Buildings and Grounds; and on Railroads. As the important work of the session 
was done in committees, it can be seen how far reaching was the influence of the 
Senator from Nash. And be it said to his eternal honor, that when the question 
came up of voting or not voting for an anti-trust law "with teeth," and the differ- 
ent large interests had filled Raleigh with a strong lobby to defeat an effective bill, 
although all sorts of pressure was brought to bear, and "the common folks at 
home" had no one there to look out for them, Senator Thorne stood true to the 
people constituting himself their spokesman, and cast his vote and influence for the 
Turlington Bill, which was the anti-trust law "with teeth". It was defeated by 
two votes, but not by the help of the Senator from Nash. Thi^iSithe sort of serv- 
ice the people do not forget, and Mr. Thome's fidelity to the pgppie and his signal 
ability, it is felt by his friends, must carry him still hi^ger in the public 
service. ^- 

Mr. Thorne was married in 1892 to Miss Louisa C. Fountain, accomplished 


daughter of Mr. S. K. Fountain of this city. Mr. and Mrs. Thorne have three intelligent and interesting children; 
Spencer, Sallie and Randolph. 

Mr. Thorne is a very extensive owner of Rocky Mount real estate and besides his political prominence, is inti- 
mately concerned with a number of interests and concerns that are bearing a large share in the progress and upbuild- 
ing of the city and this section. He is a Director and Attorney for the First National Bank, a director of the Rocky 
Mount Chamber of Commerce, a member of the Board of Trustees of the Rocky Mount Graded Schools, President 
of the Nash County Sunday School Association, and is a Trustee ot the First Methodist Church of Rocky Mount. 
His large influence, and the force of his strong personality can always be counted upon to be thrown in favor of the 
things that contribute to the religious, political, moral and industrial good of his city and state. The people always 
know "where to find" T. T. Thorne, and it is this, as well as other things, that accounts for his wide popularity and 
his strong hold on the confidence of the people. 


fTOartjaimt. *wi&wi» nf JHr. 31. W- ii^inrs, Sarkit Jflaimt. N. GL 

Mr. J. W. Hines, One of Eastern North Carolina's Most Resourceful Industrial Generals. The Man More Than 
Any Other To Whom Rocky Mount Owes its Largest Industrial Plant 

There have been few movements for the progress and upbuilding of Rocky Mount in which the quiet but strong 
hand of Mr. J. W. Hines has not been one of the most potent forces. There is no glare of lights or sounding of 


trumpets about the work of this man, but to those who have been associated with him and others who have become 
familiar with his methods, he is known as a hard and indomitable fighter, and one who always WINS. Mr. Hinesis 
a native of Pittt Co., N, C. but removed to Wilson, N. C, when young and was reared there. He is a descendant 
of the Hines and Johnson families of Old Sparta, Edgecombe county, N. C. He came to Rocky Mount when this 
city was a small village. From the first, Mr. Hines believed firmly in the future of Rocky Mount, and with the clear 
business insight and judgment which have become characteristic of him, he laid his plans far into the future, and 
quietly and unostentatiously worked up to them. 

Possessing the rare quality of being able to wait patiently for the maturing and operating of his plans, and rarely 
if ever making a mistake in his judgment of the direction and magnitude of the town's progress, he has bought and 
sold more real estate than any other individual in the city, and this connected with his large industrial operations, has 
made him one of the city's wealthiest citizens. And be it said to his credit, that his great ability, time and money, 
have never failed to be placed freely at the service of Rocky Mount, when necessity has arisen. When the Rocky 
Mount Tobacco Market was in its infancy and its success seemed largely problematical, the support of Mr. Hines was 
a large factor. At one time, when all the tobacco was being sent away from this city for re-drying. The American 
Tobacco Co., offered to re -dry their tobacco in Rocky Mount and thus employ a large number of laborers, if they 
could secure a large prize house for the purpose. Without hesitation, Mr. Hines stepped down into the breach and 
built the prize-house, and also built the largest warehouse on this market at that time for the sale of leaf tobacco. 

When the place of the location of the large A. C. L. Railroad Shops, was in question, few people had any idea 
that Rocky Mount would be able to secure them. Mr. Hines, comprehensively surveying the situation, thought he 
saw a chance to secure them for Rocky Mount. So, quietly, on his own initiative, he began taking the matter up by 
correspondence and by personal interviews with the highest officials of the Railroad. Repeated interviews with the 
continual and persistent presentation by Mr. Hines of his case, resulted in a telegram from Mr. Walters, requesting 
Mr. Hines to meet him in Wilmington. When Mr. Hines arrived in Wilmington, he found that he had won his case. 
The plans had been prepared, a map showing the land the railroad wished to secure for the shops was exhibited and 
a definite proposition made to locate the shops in Rocky Mount. At this interview the matter was settled and 
Mr. Hines came back to Rocky Mount to arrange for the city to carry out its share of the contract which he had as- 
sured the officers would be gladly done. On his return, he quietly made the announcement to a few astounded 
friends. The shops came, and with them came a new era of prosperity to the city. This was undoubtedly the largest 
service ever rendered to Rocky Mount by an individual, but so unassuming is this man and so averse to any kind of 
publicity as to his work, that no doubt a large proportion of the public now hears of the matter for the first time. 

And the editors of this work wish to state in this connection, that it was only after the hardest sort of persistence that 
they succeeded in getting the facts from which they have written this article, so disinclined is Mr. Hines even at this 
late day to receive any notoriety in the matter. But Rocky Mount and her people are entitled to the facts. Another 
instance when the business judgment of this man has inured greatly to the benefit of the city, was in the purchase of 
a site for the West Side Graded School. He secured a price of $800.00 on the lot on which the building now stands, 
Objections were heard that the lot was too far out. He strongly urged its purchase. Using the same foresight he has 
used in his private purchases, he believed that the lot would greatly enhance in value; and this lot was finally purchased, 
and is easily today worth $10,000.00. 

Mr. Hines and the corporate interests which he controls have put more bricks into brick walls than any one else. 

Mr. Hines is largely interested in a number of the most important corporations in the city, and has planned and 
worked out large enterprises with unvarying success and superb generalship. Well versed in the intricate art and use 
of diplomacy, with a smooth, even temperament, but withal, possessing a tenacity of purpose that has become axiomatic, 
he is known as a fighter to be feared, and one who has never lost a battle. He enjoys to the fullest extent, the im- 
plicit confidence of his associates and of the entire community in both his business capacity and his personal integrity. 

Although interested in various other enterprises, his principal business, and that with which he is most closely 
connected and best known, is the manufacture and sale of ice. Mr. Hines is probably the largest individual stock- 
holder in ice factories in North Carolina. The Rocky Mount Corporation, The Rocky Mount Ice & Fuel Co., in 
which Mr. Hines is the largest stockholder and the moving spirit, includes among its stockholders a group of men 
who represent larger financial strength than is represented by any other Rocky Mount concern. 

Associated with him in the active conduct of the ice business, are his two sons, Thomas M. Hines, and J. W. 
Hines, Jr. Although these young men are only two years out of college, they are showing the metal of trained 
and seasoned business men, and are among the most respected and popular of the younger business element of the 
city and section. Thomas M. Hines is handling the large shipping and re-icing business at the factory with great 
credit to himself and the business. J. W. Hines, Jr., by his courtesy, promptness and general efficiency, is giving a 
most satisfactory service to the public in the city delivery. These young men give fine promise of being worthy suc- 
cessors to their father in years to come. 

Mr. J. W. Hines Sr., besides his business interests, can always be counted on to give substantial support to 
every movement looking to the best moral and political interests of the city. He is largely interested in local church 
work, and has for three years been President of the North Carolina State Convention of the Christian Church, of 
which he is a member. He is a Director and member of the Executive Committee of the Rocky Mount Chamber of 
Commerce and one of the ruling forces in that organization. 



Rocky Mount's Oldest, Most Noted, and Premier Financial Institution 

Here is presented a short sketch of the institution that has without doubt been the most powerful and usefuf 
in the building of the lusty and aggressive eastern metropolis that is the Rocky Mount of today. This is the oldest : 


bank in the city, having been organized Jan. 1, 1839, and has steadily grown in strength, usefulness and power each 
year of its history, having behind it, men who constitute a large proportion of the bone and sinew, brains, progress- 
iveness and financial strength of the community. These men are Reeky Mount men, born and bred, they and their 
ancestors for generations, and their stake in the community has been and is now perhaps greater than that of any 
other group of men represented by any Rocky Mount organization. 

This bank was first organized as above stated in 1889, Messrs. Thomas H. Battle, S. E. Westray and L. F. 
Tillery being the moving spirits. At the organization, Mr. Westray was elected President, Mr. Battle Vice- 
President, and Mr. Tillery Cashier, Mr. Battle being then as he is now, the active manager. Rocky Mount in that 
day was a small village of a few hundred people, and the launching of a bank was quite an event and something of a 
venture. But the bank prospered from the beginning. Five years after its organization, Mr. Westray, who was 
one of the wealthiest citizens of the community, died and Mr. Battle was elected President in his stead. Mr. Westray 's 
stock in the bank was purchased by Mr. R. H. Ricks, (who was then elected Vice-President to fill the place made 
vacant by Mr. Battle's election as President) and by Mr. J. H. Ruffin, who was at that time connected with The 
Rocky Mount Mills. The capital of the bank in the beginning was $25,000.00. This has been increased from time 
to time, as its needs and the needs of the town for financial accommodation have grown larger, until now it has a 
capital of $100,000.00, and undivided profits of $60,000.00. 

The Bank of Rocky Mount ever since its organization, has led where matters that would benefit the city have 
been in question, and has never hesitated to back up with the necessary funds every sane movement for the upbuild- 
ing of the community. One case in point is that of the tobacco market, now grown to be one of the largest employers 
of labor and producers of wealth in the cky, employing in one capacity or another, people who are the support of 
perhaps 20 to 25 per cent of the population of the city. The establishment of the Rocky Mount Tobacco Market, the 
first in Eastern North Carolina, was considered a good deal of a risk. But the officers of this bank after fully inves- 
tigating the situation and the conditions, were persuaded that the culture and production of tobacco in this sec- 
tion was bound to become in time a great industry, and arriving at this conclusion, The Bank of Rocky Mount, with 
the decision, and the confidence in the city which it has always shown, did not hesitate to furnish the necessary finan- 
cial assistance through several years of varying success in the industry, to place the market firmly on its feet. It is 
not overstating the proposition to say that Mr. Battle and The Bank of Rocky Mount are responsible for the success 
of the market, as they are responsible for a number of other things which have been strong elements in the city's de- 
velopment. Beginning business when the city was a country village, the growth and success of this bank and the 
growth and progress of the city, have been so interwoven, and their interests and movements have been so joined, 


that it is difficult to think of one without thinking of the other. The people have come to feel about The Bank of 
Rocky Mount much as they feel about the postoffice, as a public institution in every sense of the word, the people's 
bank, and the Rocky Mount Bank in the broadest meaning. 


The commanding and powerful position attained by this bank in the financial circles of this city and section, and 
the magnitude of the work it has wrought could not be accounted for on any other hypothesis than that at its head, 
guiding its fortunes, and directing its policies, must have been a strong and resourceful industrial captain, not only a 
man of great business ability, but a man of broad views and sympathies who commanded the respect of the whole 
community, and knew how to gather about him and manage the right sort of men. 

And so it has been. The president of the bank is Mr. Thomas H. Battle, who has been its active manager since 
its birth. This fact would alone explain the bank's success and usefulness to the thousands who know this man. 

It might be said of Mr. Battle that he is a great business general, successful in everything to which he has put 
his hand— that would be true; it might be said that he has been the greatest individual force in the building of the city 
and in the giving to it of the cleanest and wisest municipal government for a quarter of a century of which any town 
in the state can boast — that would be true; it might be said of him that he is a public leader in whom every man, woman 
and child in the city has the fullest confidence and who has never led them except to their best interests— that would 
be true; but the rare quality which the people rightly attribute to Mr. Battle and which he has ever justified, we 
believe to be finer than all, and the Editors of this work find pleasure in the privilege of giving it expression here: 
"That Mr. Battle is a man who regards his word when given as meant to be kept, not only to the mere letter but to 
the fullest meaning that was in contemplation, who scorns and hates all subterfuges, who knows no way of meeting 
an issue save straight from the shoulder and face to face, and who, whether he holds the advantage or not, disre- 
gards it to do plain and simple justice." 

Mr. Battle comes of distinguished ancestry. He was born in Raleigh in 1860, his father being Dr. Kemp P. 
Battle, ex-State Treasurer and ex-President of the University of North Carolina, whose name is a household word 
in this State and a synonym for high purpose, great ability and stainless worth. Mr. Thomas H. Battle's grandfather 
was the able and gifted Judge William H. Battle, for many years one of the Justices of the Supreme Court of North 

Mr. T. H. Battle was educated in the schools of Raleigh and at the State University at Chapel Hill. He studied 
law under Dr. John Manning, graduating in 1882 and receiving his license to practice law from the Supreme Court 


the same yean He iocated in Tarboro at once, and within two weeks was elected Solicitor cf the Inferior Court of 
the county. Remaining in Tarboro a year and a half, he then removed to Rocky Mount. On the retirement of Mr. 
J; H. Ruffin from the position of Treasurer of The Rocky Mount Mills, Mr. Battle (who was then President) was 
elected to succeed him, and has been since, and is now, the active manager of that noted concern. His duties at the 
mills, together with his duties as President of The Bank of Rocky Mount and his interests elsewhere, forced him to 
give up the practice of law. 

Since that time, Mr. Battle's influence and business connections have grown wider and wider, his extraordinary 
capacity for Work and management permitting him to increase his responsibilities to an extent that seems appalling, 
but which he has ever easily and capably carried; and there has never been a moment when all the influence and 
resources at his command were not at the service of Rocky Mount when occasion arose. 

To give one instance of many that show the generosity and fine public spirit of this man, it might be related that 
at one time When the Rocky Mount Graded Schools were in urgent need of a large sum, (about $1,600.00) to finish 
one of the present school buildings, Mr. Battle contributed from his own pocket half the amount necessary, giving 
$800 to this purpose, the other half being contributed by Mr. R. H. Ricks, Vice-President of this Bank. As Chairman 
of the Graded School Board for many years it can be said without question that Mr. Battle has done more for the 
educational interests of the city than any other citizen. It is a work that is close to his heart, and he has retained 
this post because of his devotion to the public school cause, after declining continued honors in the municipal govern- 
ment. Full details of Mr. Battle's eminent public service can be found in the sketch of The Rocky Mount Mills 
elsewhere in the book (of which mills he is Treasurer and Manager) and to which reference is made. 

Mr. Battle was first married to Miss Bettie Davis, of Wilson, aud from this union he has one son, Mr. Kemp D. 
Battle, Attorney at Law, and graduate of the State University. Mr. Battle was married asecond time in 1895 to Miss 
Sallie Hyman. and four children, three of whom are living, have blest his last marriage. Mr. Battle is not a member 
of any fraternal organization, and finds his greatest pleasure in his ideal home life with his gifted wife and intelligent 
and lovable children. He is one of the most prominent members of the Episcopal Church of Rocky Mount. 


Mr. R. H. Ricks is Vice-President of The Bank of Rocky Mount, and his name and ability make up one of the 
substantial elements of its success. A full story of the life of this soldier-hero, legislator and resourceful financier, 
can be found elsewhere in this book. We will attempt no sketch here. 


THOS. H. BATTLE, President 

S. L. ARRINGTON, Vice-President 

J. R. BENNETT, Cashier 



Mr S L. Arrington was born at Hilliardston, in Nash County, March 11, 1860, and is a son of the late Hon A. 
H. Arrington, who, in his day and generation, was the most prominent and influential man in Nash ^ounty and in- 
deed in this section of the State, having represented his district in the U. S. Congress and later in the Confederate 
Congress. His mother was before marriage Miss Kate Wimberly, daughter of the late R. D. Wimberly of fcdge- 
combe County, whose descendants are still prominent in Edgecombe County and the State. 

Mr Arrington while a mere youth, gentle, modest and unostentatious as he was, showed marked evidences or 
business tact and ability, and as years passed by it was found that he had made few mistakes that his )udgment in 
all his business affairs was good and as a result of his cool deliberation and financial ability, he has amassed large 
landed estates both in North Carolina and in Alabama, beside having other large business interests which are prot- 

Mr Arrington has never married. He has lived in Rocky Mount since 1882. He has never had or sought any 
political office, though often giving his time freely and effectively to his friends who stood tor omce. 

Mr. Arrington and the late John H. Hunter were strong personal friends and at his death many years ago Mr 
Hunter devised his most valued possession, his batchelor home near town, to his friend, who preserves it and Keeps 
it always ready for occupancy for himself and his friends when the city becomes oppressive to them He is presi- 
dent of and owns a half interest in the Arrington-Bissette Co., a very large mercantile business in Nashville, which 
owns a controlling interest in the Farmers Oil Company of Nashville; is Vice-President of The Bank otKocky 
Mount in which he has been a director for many years; is a director in the Rocky Mount Saving & 1 rust Lo and 
is as considerate and polite to the small boy who wants to raise ten cents to help him get a base ball bat, as he is to 
the prosperous man who wants to borrow a thousand or ten thousand dollars. 


Mr. J. R. Bennett, the competent and courteous young Cashier of The Bank of Rocky Mount is largely a 
product of the bank having been employed there since he was 17 years eld, in 1903. Mr. Battle bel eves iin the , tank 
promoting its own employees to the responsible positions when they show the proper merit, and the case or Mr 
Bennett is an instance of this policy. Mr. Bennett is now but 24 years old, having been born Oct. 9. 1886 n Warren 
County His father moved to Rocky Mount in 1890 when young Bennett was four years old. Mr. Bennett received 


his education in the Rocky Mount Graded Schools, and first came to the bank in 1903 as Collector. From that posi- 
tion, he has by ability, close application, and unremitting loyalty worked his way steadily up to the responsible and 
prominent position lie now occupies. It is a big thing for so young a man, but Mr. Bennett performs his duties and 
carries his responsibilities well, possessing the full confidence of his superiors and of the public at large. 

The Assistant Cashier is Mr. W. G. Robbins, who also performs with great satisfaction to the bank the duties of 
bookkeeper, which require much ability and great accuracy. Mr. Robbins is also a young Rocky Mount man who 
is deservingly winning his spurs in The Bank of Rocky Mount. Mr. Norman Bennett is Collector, and is one of the 
best in the city, tactfully and efficiently looking after his work but at the same time is uniformly courteous to the pub- 
lic. He makes a third of the trio of young men who under the guidance and advice of Mr. Battle are being qualified 
for the highest duties of business and citizenship. The stenographer of this bank is Miss Lena Redmond aud her 
work in her line measures up to the high standard which the bank maintains in each of its departments. 

In closing it might be said, that The Bank of Rocky Mount numbers its friends and patrons among the Wealthy 
and the poor, and in every walk of life. The small depositor receives the same courteous consideration, that the 
larger depositors receive. And the character and ability of the officers and directors are such as to make every man 
who puts a dollar in this bank feel absolutely assured that his money is not only perfectly safe, but is receiving the 
maximum of care, efficiency and ability known to the banking business. 

The Board of Directors of The Bank of Rocky Mount is as follows: 

Thomas H. Battle (President) R. H. Ricks (President Rocky Mount Mills) G. T. Matthews (Head of Matthews, 
Weeks & Co., Wholesale Grocers) J. P. Whitehead (Physician) George J. Hales (Head of Geo. J. Hales & Bro., 
Wholesale Grocers) L. V. Bassett (Attorney at Law) T. J. Hackney (of Hackney Bros., Buggy and Wagon Manufact- 
urers) A P. Thorpe (of Thorp & Ricks, Leaf Tobacco Dealers) S. L. Arrington (of The Arrington-Bissett Co., of 
Nashville) D. J. Rose (Contractor) E. G. Muse, Durham N. C. (Manager Sales Department for N. C. of Virginia- 
Carolina Chemical Co.) 



This is one of Rocky Mount's important manufacturing concerns. The factory, a cut of which is shown here, 
is in the western portion of the city, on the Nashville branch of the A. C. L. R. R. Tne Rocky Mount Hosiery 

Company was organized in 
1904, and has been uni- 
formly and largely success- 
ful. They have now in 
operation 214 machines, 
employing 200 hands, with 
a capacity of 800 dozen pair 
per day, the capacity of the 
plant having been increased 
fifty per cent, last year. 
The pay roll amounts to 
$3,000.00 per month. A 
good class of labor is em- 
ployed, and few industries 
in the town are of more 
actual benefit to the busi- 
ness life of the city. This 

mill together with the Enfield Hosiery Mills, also owns the controlling interest in the Littleton, (N. C.) Hosiery Mill, 
and'the manager of this mill, Mr. Geo. T. Andrews, operates in addition, the Enfield, (N. C.) Hosiery Mill. The 
Rocky Mount factory has a complete dyeing and finishing plant. The combined capacity of the three mills is 2,000 
dozen pair per day. The manufactured product has always found a ready market because of the high merit 
of the goods The President and Treasurer of the company is Mr. J. C. Braswell (President of The Planters Bank), 
the Vice-President is Mr. Geo. S. Edwards (of Geo. S. Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers), and Mr. Geo. T. 
Andrews is Secretary and Manager. Mr. Andrews is a man of long experience in the business, and the successful 
record he has made in the management of this mill is ample proof that he is the right man in the right place. 


W. D. & C. A. C OCHRAN. 

Largest Clothing, Gents' Furnishings and Shoe Store on the Atlantic Coast 

Line Between Richmond and Charleston. 

The large clothing store of Messrs. W. D. & C. A. Cochran, on Main Street, is one of the show places in Rocky 
Mount. As indicated in the headlines, these gentlemen carry the largest stock of clothing, gents' furnishings and 
shoes to be found anywhere on the Coast Line between Richmond, Va., and Charleston, S. C, the value of the 
stock carried being approximately $50,000.00. Their store is artistically arranged— double-decked, airy and well 
lighted— and they occupy something like 9,000 square feet of floor space in their sales rooms. While trying to have 
goods for every class of trade, their specialty is the better and higher class of goods, and so well known has this fact 
become over Rocky Mount and a wide surrounding territory, that the very fact of goods having been purchased at 
Cochran's has come to mean that they are of the best grade. It has been the policy of this store to sell on small 
profits, backing this up with economy and the highest class of system and business management, so that the benefit 
of the saving could go to the store's customers, and yet an average profit accrue to the business. This is one of the 
facts that account for the wide popularity and enviable reputation of this business, 

The senior member of the firm, Mr. W. D. Cochran, is known as one of the city's very ablest business men, a 
man whose integrity has always been above question, and who has won the respect of this whole section by his 
eminently good business judgment, square dealings and his clean character. Mr. Cochran is a native of Halifax 
County, N. C, was born January 13, 1856, and lived on the farm until after his majority. He spent some time in 
the mercantile business as salesman in Weldon, Oxford, and in the Mississippi Valley. Traveling over most of the 
great West in search of a business location, he finally returned to North Carolina and came to Rocky Mount, fore- 
seeing well the great future of this city. He established his business here in 1894, and his record in Rocky Mount 
has been a continued growth in success, influence and in the respect of the community for him as a wise and sane 
business man and a very useful citizen. The large business he has built here is alone a sufficient testimonial to the 
fact that he possesses extraordinary business generalship and fine judgment. Mr. Cochran was married April 30, 
1896, to Miss Virginia Morecock, charming daughter of Capt. and Mrs. J. E. Morecock, of Halifax county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Cochran have two children. 


Interior View of W. D. & C. A. Cochran's Store. 


The junior member of this firm is Mr. Charles A Cochran, one of the most prominent and popular ot the city s 
younger business element, and a nephew of Mr. W. D. Cochran. Mr. Charles A Cochran was born in Weldon, 
NC December 20 1875. He spent his youth in Virginia, to which State his father moved about 1884. He was 
connected for about seven years with a mercantile business in Emporia, Va„ coming to Rocky Mount as salesman 

f ° r ^C^^JSp^^ofAt of the city with his capacity for business and with the further fact that he is 
a man n whom trust and confidence may be reposed with full safety By his uniform courtesy good fellowship 
honorable life and conduct, he has become very popular, not only in business and soca circles of the city , but 
amone neoDle in every wa k of life. He became a partner in the business in the Spring of 9 0, earning his success 
dv force P ofhis ow aMiTy honesty and industry. Mr. Cochran was married June 30th, 910 to Miss Mary Scot 
Bulluck of Enfield, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. R. Bulluck of that town. Mrs. Cochran is a lady of many graces 
and accomplishments, and makes a valuable addition to the social life of the city. 

The large brick building now occupied and owned by this firm was built in 1896, made necessary by the rapid 
and substantial growth of the business, and no concern in the city has better quarters 

In closing it should be noted that one of the potent elements in the success of this business has been that every 
customer of theirs has come to feel that he can, with entire safety, trust implicitly in whatever representations are 
made™ him by either of the proprietors or their salesmen. It has always been a cardinal principle of this house 
mat every customer must know exactly what he is buying, and even the slightest misrepresentation would not be 

^Asli conseque^c?: of this principle, uniformly practiced, this firm sell clothing to customers living all the way 
from Richmond to Augusta. 



One of the City's Largest and Most Important Organizations. 

Conduct insurance, Real Estate and Rental Business. 

Have General Agency for Three Fire Insurance 


In writing of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., there is nothing stronger than a bare statement of facts to prove what 
this business has accomplished in the upbuilding of the community in which they are ocated Truly itcan be said 
of the above firm that the bare relation of what it has done to assist in the upbuilding of Rocky Mount n e eds no em- 
bellishment The last census published by the United States Government proved by the actua figures that Kocky 
Mount grew more in proportion than any other city in the State, a full relation of which is given elsewhere m this 
book. The connection it has with Wilkinson, Bulluck & Company is that the industrial progress of Rocky Mount 
in the last ten years has been thoroughly interwoven with the accomplishments of the above jwmed firm. Hardly 
any movement of a public or industrial nature has been started in Rocky Mount during the time named but that it 
has received at least a strong support from this firm. . mim .. m1 , ct h _ „„ 

At the head of any successful business can always be found the brain of one individual; of course he must be as- 
sisted by able lieutenants. The guiding hand of the firm of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Company hasbeen and isst .1 
centered in the person of Mr. W. S. Wilkinson. No one individual has been more concerned in the advancement ot 
the cSsremarkaSe industrial progress than the individual named. The amount of work that this man accomphshes 
is not generally known; those who have opportunity of realizing it wonder how he really does it The solution lies 
in the fact of his remarkable executive ability, and he enjoys at the present time not only the unbounded 


confidence of this entire community, but his work has been of sufficient scope to make him recognized as second to 
no man in the insurance business in North Carolina. His business ability and absolute integrity, not only in fulfilling 
the letter of his obligations, but in the spirit of fair dealings between man and man, has gained for him the confidence 
of a large circle of strong business men over the entire State. In the course of his work in Rocky Mount he has 
come in contact with not only business men in the insurance line, but in nearly all lines of business and the directory 
of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company bears strong testimony of the confidence and esteem in which he is held 
by business men, not only in his home community, hut in other cities, for really it was an attestation of their confi- 
dence in his ability as an insurance man and his integrity as a business man, that these directors and other stock- 
holders in the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company gave in putting their money in this enterprise. 

Mr. Wilkinson was born in Tarboro, Sept. 4th, 1866, being the son of Mr. F. S. Wilkinson, one of the State's 
most noted educators. (Mr. F. S. Wilkinson has always enjoyed the reputation of being thorough in his work and he 
inculcated this spirit in the training of his son.) After preparation for a higher course under his father, Mr. Wilkin- 
son attended the State University and graduated at that institution in 1887. Recognizing the possibilities of this city, 
he moved here in 1894 and became a local agent in the fire insurance and real estate business. Although 
at that time the field was small and the contest for business sharp, by sheer ability and work Mr. Wilkinson gained a 
strong nucleus for a prosperous business, and in 1901 the firm of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Company was formed, con- 
sisting of Mr. J. D. Bulluck and Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, as managers with Mr. J. C. Braswell as a third 
partner. This firm was incorporated in 1902. After several years successful business the interest of Mr. Bulluck 
was purchased by Mrs. Wilkinson, as Mr. Bulluck desired to engage in other lines of business. As a strong busi- 
ness had been established, it was decided to retain the firm name, but for the past seven years Mr. Wilkinson has 
been the active manager of the business, and Mr. J. C. Braswell, one of the city's strongest financiers, of whom 
mention is made elsewhere in this book, his strong business partner and associate. 

Mr. Wilkinson was married in 1891 to Miss Lula Wimberley, daughter of Mr. G. L. Wimberley, which name 
stands among the very most prominent in this part of the State. They have six children and live in one of the 
handsomest residences in the city on the Falls Road (which is one of the most desirable residential sections of the 
city). A picture of Mr. Wilkinson's home appears elsewhere in this book. 

The firm of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Company has shown a remarkable increase every year since its formation 
until today it does one of the largest insurance, real estate and rental agency businesses of any firm in this 'State. 

Ever since the formation of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company Mr. Wilkinson has been general agent. 
In 1908 the Seaboard Fire Insurance Company, of Norfolk, Va., entering North Carolina, placed their general agency 


with him. In April, 1910, the Atlantic National Fire Insurance Company, of Macon, Ga., entering the State, made 
the third company for which Mr. Wilkinson is general agent. 

On account of growth of business, in 1909, Mr. Geo. A. Wilkinson, a brother of the person of this sketch, who 
was engaged in the insurance business in Tarboro, was secured as special agent for the three companies named, and 
has been extremely successful in getting a desirable line of business for these companies. He is a young man of 
charming personality, knows the business thoroughly, and thereby secures favorable consideration from local agents 
all over the State. , „ , . , , 

Mr W S Wilkinson is one of the most versatile men with whom the editors of this book ever came in contact. 
Not only is he versatile, but he is efficient and thorough in all that he undertakes. As an evidence of appreciation of his 
ability we will cite the fact that he was elected County Superintendent of Education of Nash County after he had been a 
native of the County for only a few months. This position Mr. Wilkinson held continuously for 10 years until he 
was forced to resign on account of it being necessary for him to give his attention to details of other interests. How- 
ever he is today Chairman of the County Board of Education, and is still actively interested in the progress of edu- 
cation in Nash County. A sketch of Nash County's public schools is given elsewhere in this book, which shows 
that Nash County has not been backward in educational progress, and this has been due largely to 
the active and untiring work of Mr. Wilkinson. He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of Rocky Mount 
Graded Schools. He is an expert mathematician, and when county conventions are held where rapid clerical count 
is needed, it has been almost invariably the rule for Mr. Wilkinson to be selected as secretary. Mr. Wilkinson is 
Secretary of the Rocky Mount Road Commission, and one of the five members of the Board of Directors. He was 
largely instrumental in having a special bill passed which gave the country within a radius of ten miles of Rocky 
Mount an opportunity to improve her roads, and he has been an active factor ever since in the work of road im- 
provement. It has often been said that education and good roads go hand in hand, and Mr. Wilkinson recognizing 
this, has taken an active interest in both. He is also Treasurer of the Y. M. C. A. funds, and actively as i?l st ^ d l n 
the raising of the $5,000.00 which the citizens of Rocky Mount contributed to equip the $50,000.00 Y. M L. A. 
building, which is now in the course of erection in our city. Mr. Wilkinson is a Director of the Planters Bank, and 
Rocky Mount Hosiery Company, and a member of the Finance Committee of both institutions. In starting this arti- 
cle it was stated that the industrial progress of Rocky Mount was interwoven with the history of the persons of this 
sketch and as the facts are related the statement is absolutely borne out. It seems remarkable that one man can be 
concerned in so many enterprises and successful in all; but this is due largely in the present instance to the truly 
remarkable ability that he possesses to choose and to train able and capable assistants. 


It would be impossible to carry on the immense business transacted by this firm unless they had an able and 
thoroughly trained corps of assistants. Every one of their employees are highly efficient and capable. 

Miss Lucy C. Thorpe, one of the city's most charming and popular young ladies, accepted a position with this 
firm nine years ago, and has been with them without a break continuously since that time. Through long experience 
she has become rapid and expert in the details of the insurance business, and the number of policies that she has 
written would run up into the tens of thousands. Unquestionably Miss Thorpe is one of the most competent assis- 
tants in the insurance business in the State. She was stenographer for the firm until the business grew to such an 
extent that it now takes practically her entire time writing policies. _ 

Mr Paul Gorham is in charge of the rental department, and he also has been with the business nine years. He 
has under his management one of the largest, if not the largest, rental business in the State. He is a young man of 
energy and strong character, and is held in the highest esteem by all who know him. 

Mr C W. Coghillhas been with the firm four years. His preliminary training admirably equipped him tor the 
responsible duties that he now discharges. He started his business career as an office boy in the Bank of Rocky 
Mount He remained with this institution eight years, enjoying their implicit trust. He resigned the position as as- 
sistant cashier in this bank in order to establish for himself an insurance business, but very soon after entering this 
line of work he received an attractive offer from his present firm, as their bookkeeper. He is not only considered 
one of the most expert accountants in the State, but he also possesses a thorough knowledge of the principles of the 
insurance business. He possesses the confidence of his firm to such an extent that he is entrusted with large responsi- 
bilities. He is conscientious in his work, and is always on the lookout for the mutual protection of all parties con- 
cerned in the transaction of business with his firm. 

Owing to the growth of this firm's business, about a year ago Miss Etta Lancaster was employed as private 
stenographer for Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, and to assist in the other work of the office. In keeing with the rest of the 
assistants in this office, she is rapid and efficient. 




Organized, Owned and Operated by Home People, and Eminently Success- 
ful. Every Year Shows Gratifying Gains 

The organization of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company of Rocky Mount is a strong testimonial of the 
capability and spirit of progress possessed by the business men of this city, and especially so by those responsible for 
the organization of this Company, which has been of such an immense advantage to the city's industrial life. 

During the year 1905, Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, and his business associates recognizing that the time was propi- 
tious for the organizing of a company that would bring home some of the revenue paid for insurance, undertook this 
enterprise. These men guaranteed the stock, and the work of interesting a large number of the business men of the 
city and adjacent territory was undertaken. In a remarkably short time the amount of $51,500.00 capital, and $12,- 
875.00 surplus was subscribed and the Company organized. Dr. M. R. Braswell was elected president, Mr. T. J. 
Hackney, vice president; Mr. J. C. Braswell, treasurer, and Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, secretary. A strong board of di- 
rectors was selected from the stockholders. Since that time the Company has been eminently successful, so much 
so, that at each time for the selection of officers there has been no change from those originally selected. Also the 
Board of Directors, with a few exceptions, has remained the same. At the present time the following compose the 
Board of Directors, all known as successful business men: Messrs. W. L. Sherrod, Geo. B. Curtis, and S. G. Bellamy, 
of Enfield, N. C, Dr. J. C. Braswell, Mr. J. M. Sherrod, Mr. W. T. Braswell, and Dr. R. H. Speight, of Whita- 
kers, N. C; Messrs. J. B. Philips, H. B. Bryant, M. C. Braswell, and Dr. H. B. Marriott, of Battleboro, N. C, 
Dr. J. P.Wimberley and Mr. Frank Shields of Scotland Neck, N.C.,Mr. S. F. Austin of Nashville, N.C., Messrs. W. D. 
Hackney and W. L. Banks of Wilson, N. C, Dr. W. P. Mercer and Mr. R. S. Wells of Elm City, N. C, Mr. J. D 
Bulluck, of Leachville, N. C, and Messrs. F. C. Ferguson, T. J. Hackney, J. C. Braswell, G. S. Edwards, D. J. 
Rose and Drs. M. R. Braswell and G. L. Wimberley, of Rocky Mount, N. C. 


DR. M. R. BRASWELL, Pres'dent 

T. J. HACKNEY, Viee-Piesidenl 

W. S, WILKINSON/ Secretary 


. The company Was organized as stated with the purpose in view of trying to keep at home some of the tremen- 
dous volume of money that has always been sent away for insurance purposes, and it was decided to do business only 
in North Carolina. Besides the business men interested in the Company from Rocky Mount, there have been a large 
number interested in other cities and towns in the Stale. The result has shown that our people are patriotic, have 
faith in home brains and ability, and recognize the good business policy of keeping money at home so that they may 
reap some of the benefits thereby. The plan of operation of the Company is ideal, it being so constituted as to show, 
it would seem absolute and perfect safety in the handling of - its business. The Executive Committee consists of 
Messrs. T. J. Hackney, Geo. S. Edwards, J. C. Braswell, Dr. Geo. L. Wimberley and Dr. M. R. Braswell, and 
meets every month for the purpose of investing the funds and examining the affairs of the Company. The Direc- 
tors meet every six months and a thorough examination of the condition of the Company is made. By this method 
all the transactions of the Company are quickly brought under the observation of a large number of fine business 
men. One reason for the gratifying success of this Company is the great care that is taken in the selection of risks. 
A great deal of consideration was given the matter before the selection of the officers of the Company, and as a con- 
sequence, no Company could be more fortunate in that respect, for all four of the officers are men who have 
achieved success by their own efforts and ability. The officers and Directors are not mere figureheads, as is the case 
in instances of some organizations that make a bid for public faith, but are men who realize their responsibilities, and 
strive at all times to properly discharge them. 

'1 he president Dr^JVl. R. Bras well, is a man recognized as one of our foremost business men, a man well quali- 
fied for the position that he holds."~TTe is one of three sons of the late loved and lamented T. P. Braswell. His 
father was an eminently successful and beloved man, and the three children that he left received an early training 
under his guidance that well qualified them for business careers. It is not amiss to here state that all have made 
well use of their talents, and opportunities, and have given at all times their time and money on a broad plane for 
the advancement of the community in which they have lived. Dr. Braswell was educated and trained for a physi- 
cian, in which profession he was absolutely successful; but his business affairs grew to such a large extent that he' felt 
that 'he did not want to continue the practice of his profession unless he could give it his undivided time and atten- 
tion, and recognizing his respons-'bilities as a large planter and property owner, and director of numerous enterprises, 
he recently retired from the practice of his profession. He received his education at Bingham, Wake Forest, the 
University of N. C, and the University of Maryland. He was married in 1894 to Miss Mamie Hackney, the beauti- 
ful and cultured daughter of Mr. T. J. Hackney. They have two bright and intelligent children, Mamie and Emily. 
His wife being the only child of Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Hackney, Dr. Braswell and his family have their home with her 


fe «,h\rh i< the most handsome and expensive residence in Rocky Mount, and which would be a credit to any 
parents which is the most hana so me «™| P b f th it > s industr i es , and is a stockholder in practi- 

Clt ,T '" ™ S industrv that Sheen gotten up for the furtherance of the city's progress. He is vice president of the 
^k^l^S^&Blta"&Sdto his P efforts is due the fact in a large measure, that the Rocky Mount Hosiery 
Co waf organized an institution that has been successful from a financial point of view ,n itself, and of great value 
tn the pitv in the wav of paying wages to go towards making the city larger 

The Underwriter -Fire "insurance Company was fortunate in their selection of him as >ts president. Of Mr. j. 
r RrJirfi treasurer and Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, Secretary, mention is made elsewhere in this book. 

From he firs year of the organization of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company of Rocky Mount the bus.- 
npw F h TbeeS successful and gratifying from every point of view. The Company has paid since its formation, losses 
of ?16 560 00 and 1 dividends to its stockholders of $12,360.00, and in addition to this a handsome surplus has been 
kid aside each year The growth of the Company can best be determined by a comparison of its first annual state- 
menrD^mberSst, 1906, and its last annual statement, December 31st., 1910, as follows: 

Reserve surplus. Assets. 

December 31st., 1906 $4,898 62 $13 743.49 $70,142.11 

TVrember31st 1910 $5,996.79 $22,253.60 $91, 83/. 83 t , m/VMnn 

The insurance fn force at the end of the first year was $436,046.00 Insurance now in force is $1 593 066.00. 

irWS Wlkinsons the General Agent of the Company, and has been since its formation. The business of 
the Company is nowTn the offices of Messrs. Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., who have large and commod.ous quarters 

ln th ft K nltur'aUawtr afy business enterprise to select from the men available those best qualified for the pOsi- 
,.„/' V iy the selection of the Vice President of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company, they were in- 

deed ortunateln be^g able to secure such a well trained business man as Mr T. j Hackney. Like father, like son 
?« an nfi reneated assertion and in this instance the truth of the assertion is fully borne out. In writing of Rocky 
m t 2ta SE'rnade of Mr W N. Hackney, the father of Mr. T. J. Hackney, for the former left an im- 
M ° "" Innn th?s nart of t^ Mr - W ' N - Hackney now deceased, 

^lJMXPc<SnKj«i2SrSS He learned the trade of a wheelright, and located in Wilson, N. C 
m the m 1853 He engaged in the manufacture of wagons and carts, and from this enterprise sprang the immense 
business nowwell and most favorably known over many States, under the firm name of Hackney Bros. Mr. T. J. 
Hackney ?he eldest son, moved to Rocky Mount in 1874, and opened a branch business under the firm name of T. 


J Hackney & Co., his father being the Company. When Mr. T. J. Hackney's brother, Mr. George Hackney, be- 
came of age, the father's interest in the Rocky Mount branch was bought by the youngest son, and in 1878, the bus- 
iness in this city was changed to the firm name of Hackney Bros. In 1884, the health of the father became in such 
a condition that he was forced to retire from business, and Mr. George Hackney left Rocky Mount for Wilson to take 
active charge of the business there. The three sons of Mr. W. N. Hackney, consisting of the two named, and Mr. 
W. D. Hackney, bought the business at Wilson from their father, and an equal copartnership was formed among 
the three able and energetic business men for the operation of the businesses at Rocky Mount and Wilson. Their 
training and ability was such as to advance the scope and size of the business until today a Hackney vehicle is 
synonymous with excellency, enjoying an enviable reputation over many states. The plant at Rocky Mount was 
burned in 1890 and it was decided not to rebuild at this point, but to enlarge their faciliiies at Wilson. As the firm 
had secured large property interests in this city, and as a matter of fact are at the present time largely interested in 
property, and industries here, it was decided that though they would not rebuild their vehicle factory here, they 
would go into the hardware business, and Mr. T. J. Hackney took the active management of this business, which, 
as has every business in which the Hackney Bros, have been concerned, was successful from the beginning. On ac- 
count of his health, Mr. T. J. Hackney decided a few years ago to give up the exacting duties connected with the 
conducting of the hardware business here, and the business was sold to Mr. R. R. Gay and Mr. R.W. Arnngton, and 
is now known under the firm name of Gay & Arrington. Mr. Hackney not only has been known as a successful 
business man, but has always given of his time and money to assist worthy causes and enterprises, and is a man th it 
has always been recognized as of the strictest integrity. 

Mr Hackney was married November 1877 to Miss Josephine Hammond. From this union there was one child, 
Mamie, who is the wife of Dr. M. R. Braswell. As previously stated in this book, Mr. and Mrs. Hackney and their 
daughter and her husband, and two bright and interesting grand daughters, have their home together in the hand- 
somest residence of which the city can boast. 

It will be observed from the description of the Directors and Officers of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Com- 
pany, that they have men, not only of wealth and sterling character, but that are of tried and proven business ability, 
which makes the assurance of the continued success of this Company. 




BRASWELL & LE VY— L eaf Tobacco Dealers. 

This firm is one of the best and most favorably known in North Carolina. They handled during the season of 
1910-11, approximately 4,000,000 lbs. of tobacco. They have factories in Rocky Mount, and in Frankfort, Ky., 
maintaining buyers also on both markets. The combined capacity of their two factories is 80,000 lbs. per day. They 
have installed in both their factories, the latest improved steam drying machines with both apron and stick attachments. 

The business was 
founded in 1892 by 
Mr. J. C. Braswell,so 
prominent now in 
banking and financial 
circles, who conduct- 
ed it until 1899, when 
he took in as a partner 
the lamented Lewis 
C. Levy, (who died 
Levy became activ e 
manager, Mr. Bras- 
well exercising a gen- 
eral supervision. The 
business wasuniform- 

ly successful, Mr. Levy being one of the very ablest tobacco men who have ever operated in North Carolina, in whom 
every man who ever came in touch with him had implicit faith. He gave his life to this business, and was one of 
the greatest forces in making the Rocky Mount Tobacco Market what it is today. His associates wish to testify here 
that it was largely his unremitting energy, loyalty and ability that have given this firm its high stand in the tobacco 
world. Mr. Levy and this firm numbered and do number now, among their customers, valued connections in 
England, Holland, Germany, Japan and other countries, together with a large domestic trade. They now have a 
Very large stock of tobacco on hand, of the various grades, both burley and bright. Mr. Braswell will continue to 
look after the business this season, and will probably take into the firm a new partner next season. 



The Largest and Most Complete Furniture Store in Eastern North Carolina 

The rapid and substantial growth of Rocky Mount's mammoth house furnishing concern, the firm of Battle & 

Lancaster, has been one of the most marked incidents 
in the history of the city during the past two years. 
This firm, as it is now constituted, was formed in July 
1909, not quite two years ago. The present magni- 
tude and great extent of their business, together with 
their high financial standing, tells an eloquent story, 
both of the advantages of the city of Rocky Mount as 
a business center and of the splendid ability and 
energy of the two men who compose this firm. 

Battle & Lancaster are located on Washington 
street and now occupy six floors with 20,000 square 
feet of floor space. They buy their goods in solid 
car loads, and besides their local trade, they cover 
with their salesman practically all the small towns 
from Weldon to Spring Hope. They are now pre- 
pared to take care of all out of town business in a 
satisfactory manner and are rapidly extending and 
widening their field. 

It has been the policy of this concern to endeavor 
to carry in stock every article that would be needed 
in equiping the most modern home. In this connec- 
tion it might be stated here that so far as we know, 
Battle & Lancaster are the only furniture house in 
eastern North Carolina who can furnish an up-to- 



date home complete, all the way from a magnificent kitchen range to an artistic high grade piano. Their leading 
piano is the famous Lester which, as everybody knows, is the last word in art, durability and tone quality in the 
piano world. They also handle the Cote which is a really high grade instrument, but a less costly make, and are also 
the local agents for the Farrand Cecilian Player. To give some idea of the great proportions which their piano bus- 
iness has assumed, we will state that in their piano display room they rarely have less than a car load of pianos. 

They unquestionably do the piano business of the city. 
This firm has just accepted the agency for the well 
known Buck stoves and ranges, the leading cooking 
stoves of the country, which are now recommended 
by all the labor organizations. 

In the furniture line, this house carries only the 
best quality, and yet their business is so large and their 
system and management so efficient and economical, 
that they are enabled to give their customers the 
advantage of the minimum price and still have a 
reasonable profit accrue to the business. 

During the past year the capacity and the sales of 
this concern have actually doubled, notwithstanding 
the fact that the utmost care and conservatism is 
always the rule where business extension is in question. 
They employ at present eight capable and hustling 
salesmen, who are every day rendering the firm of 
Battle & Lancaster more popular and better known 
to the public. 

One of the strongest elements perhaps in the large 
success of this firm ft the fact that they have been 
liberal users of newspaper advertising space, believing 
in the policy of letting the public know it when they 
have a good thing. And the results have abundantly 
justified this course. 




The members of this firm are Mr. Gaston 
Battle and Captain W. R. Lancaster, both of 
whom are Rock Mount men, born and bred, 
and are members of two of the oldest and most 
prominent Edgecombe county families. Mr. 
Battle is a lineal descendentof Elisha Battle, who 
came to Edgecombe in 1742, and was President 
of the North Carolina Constitutional Conven- 
tion, which ratified the Constitution of the United 
States. Captain Lancaster is at present a mem- 
ber of the Board of Aldermen of the city of 
Rocky Mount and one of the most prominent 
members of the First Baptist Church. Both Mr. 
Battle and Captain Lancaster are men who have 
made their mark in the business world and 
who have the full confidence of the city, both in 
their business capacity and their personal integ- 
rity. They are both yet comparatively young 
men, Mr. Battle having been born in 1871 and 
Captain Lancaster in 1874; and having already a 
record of such worthful achievement, the future 
must hold splendid possibilities for them, and 
for Rocky Mount in their contribution to the 
progress of the city. 





Woodruff Jewelry Store in this city as optometrist and manager. 

A Leading Jeweler and Optometrist 

This jewelry store is scarcely yet one year old, but so efficient has been its 
management, coupled with such square dealings, and fair and courteous treatment 
of the public, that it has already won an enviable patronage among the highest 
class of the trade, and is regarded as one of the leading jewelry stores in this sec- 
tion of the state. The stock of solid gold and silverware, cut glass and everything 
in the jewelry line carried by this store is one of the most complete and up-to- 
date to be found anywhere in a city the size of Rocky Mount. Mr. von Milgrom 
also does a considerable jewelry manufacturing business, making a specialty of re- 
modeling old jewelry— something that is not done elsewhere, this side of Baltimore. 

The proprietor of the store, Mr. von Milgrom, is one of the most expert and 
reliable jewelers in the city, thoroughly conversant with every detail of the busi- 
ness, and possessing splendid business qualities. He is a native of Dresden, the 
Capital city of Saxony, Germany, having been born there September 22, 1884. 
Mr. von Milgrom is a descendant of an old and noble German house, his father, 
D. L. von Milgrom, having been a Major in the Prussian Army with a brilliant 
record in the Austrian-Prussian War of 1866. 

Mr. von Milgrom was educated at the University of Dresden and at the Im- 
perial Military School at Vienna. He came to America, landing in New York Sep- 
tember 2, 1901. From New York, he went to Washington, N. C., embarking 
there in the jewelry business, being a partner in the Washington Jewelry Com- 
pany. He moved to Windsor, N. C, in 1904, conducting a jewelry business also 
in that town. He came to Rocky Mount in 1906, accepting a position with the 

He went into business for himself, opening his 



present store April 1, 1910, and as stated before, has 
built up a large and desirable patronage in the short 
space of one year. 

For general beauty, neatness and artistic arrange- 
ment of stock and sales room, his store is not surpassed 
in the state. 

Mr. Milgrom is, in addition, a graduate optometrist, 
licensed by the State of North Carolina, and conducts a 
general optical business, keeping a full supply of the 
highest class goods in that line. He is regarded as a 
thoroughly competent and reliable eye specialist, and is 
widely consulted and patronized. 

Mr. von Milgrom was married June 15, 1909, to 
Miss Mary Hester Marriott, beautiful and accomplished 
daughter of Dr. H. B. Marriott, of Battleboro, one of 
the most prominent and influential citizens of this section 
of the state. 

Mr. von Milgrom is not only popular in business 
circles, but he and Mrs. von Milgrom have made quite a 
valuable and welcome addition to the social life of the city. 



Secretary and Treasurer of the Tobacco Board of Trade 
of Rocky Mount, and Local Manager for the 
Imperial Tobacco Company, Ltd., of Great 
Britain and Ireland 

There are a few more useful citizens in Rocky Mount than Mr. Edgar W. 
Smith, and none who are more public-spirited and who are held in higher esteem 
by their acquaintances. Mr. Smith was born in Danville, Va. in 1865, and was 
educated in the schools of that city. He was Deputy Clerk of Hustings Court for 
several years after which he engaged in the tobacco business there, being connected 
with one of the largest concerns in the South. On the opening of the tobacco market 
in Eastern Carolina he came to Rocky Mount in 1891 and established the business of 
leaf tobacco buying under the firm name of E. W. Smith & Co. He built up the 
business to such an extent that in 1900 it was necessary to build a new factory. 
This was equipped with steam and the latest improved methods of drying and 
handling the leaf for domestic and export trade. Mr. Smith then formed a co- 
partnership with Pemberton & Penn and J. P. Taylor & Co., under the firm 
name of E. W. Smith & Co., and bought largely for prominent manufacturers of 
America and England, as well as for the Japanese Government. Upon the forma- 
tion of the Imperial Tobacco Company he sold his plant to them and accepted a 
position as Buyer and Manager of their Rocky Mount branch, a position he has 

retained ever since and has filled with signal ability, and satisfaction both to the company and to the tobacco industry 

of this section. 



Mr. Smith was President of the Rocky Mount Board of Trade for 
several terms, and is now Secretary and Treasurer of the Board, which 
position he has held for the past ten years. Mr. Smith is recognized all 
over the tobacco section as one of the very ablest tobacco men whoever 
operated on this market, and also as a man with a high sense of honor, 
whose integrity has always been above question. He is deeply alive to 
the interests and welfare of Rocky Mount and is ever active in the pro- 
motion of anything for its good. He has served with conspicuous abil- 
ity as a member of the Board of Aldermen, Chairman of the Water- 


works and Sewerage Committees and as a 
member of other prominent Committees. He 
was among the first to advocate an issue of 
bonds for public improvements and has 
recently started a movement to issue $50,000 
in bonds for street improvement purposes. 

Besides his tobacco interests, Mr. Smith 
is a Director of the Rocky Mount Homestead 
& Loan Association and is interested in several 
other enterprises of the city. 







Superintendent of Schools for Nash County 

Robert E. Ranson was born in 1879 at Huntersville, Mecklenburg Co., N. C. 
He is a son of R. M. and Agnes A. (Sample) Ranson. He was prepared for college 
in Huntersville High School, and after four years at Erskine College, Due 
West, S. C, was graduated in 1901, with the degree of A. B. After leaving col- 
lege he was a teacher until elected County Superintendent of Schools of Nash 
County July, 1909. He taught in S. C, Ark., Fla. and N. C, and during the 
vacation months did newspaper work. While Principal of the Spring Hope 
Graded School in 1908, he started the Spring Hope Leader, and was its editor 
for 18 months. Since coming t: Nash County, Mr. Ranson has been correspond- 
ent for a number of daily papers and has kept Nash County well advertised to 
the outside public. He is a Mason, a member f Jr. O. U. A. M. and a Presby- 
terian. He married Miss Bryte Baker, a charming lady of Kings Mountain, N. 
C, in June, 1910. Mrs. Ranson is a graduate of Elizabeth College, Charlotte, 
N. C, and during the year 1909-10 was principal of the Kings Mountain Graded 
School. She also taught music and expression for two years, and has given a 
number of readings in different places in the county during the present year. 

Mr. Ranson's school work in Nash County has been efficient and forceful. 
He is especially interested in the increase of Special School Tax Districts ii) Nash, 
and has been largely instrumental in the fine showing the county has rn^de the 
past two yeirs, not alone in this respect, but in others. He resides at Nashville, 
the county seat. 



Lawyer, Senator, Now and for the Past Twenty Years 

A Leader of the Invincible and Triumphant 

Democracy of Old Edgecombe 

For more than a score of years past the fighting qualities and the uncon- 
querable strength of the Edgecombe county Democracy have been a chief re- 
liance in every political battle that has been fought in North Carolina. The fine 
personnel of the organization in this county has during this period developed a 
small coterie of leaders of unusual ability and sterling qualities of manhood and 
leadership, whose voices have carried great weight in the councils of the party 
in North Carolina. One of the most conspicuous of these leaders was the late 
loved and lamented Don Gilliam, whose name was a household word in every 
white home in Edgecombe county and indeed, in all this section of the state and 
whose untimely death was a matter of deep state-wide regret. 

Another of these leaders, and a close friend and associate of Mr. Gilliam's, 
is Hon. L. V. Bassett, the subject of this sketch. In every political battle that 
has been waged in Edgecombe for the past two decades, L. V. Bassett has been 
where the fight w&s thickest and hottest, a leader whom the people trusted and 
under whose generalship they fought with pride and confidence. The Tarboro 
Southerner just after the adjournment of the 1911 legislature, in which Mr. 
Bassett was Edgecombe's Senator, accurately voiced the sentiment of the peo- 
ple of the county when it printed editorially the following: "This writer has 
known Lucius Bassett for more than a quarter of a century. In our early acquaintance we were impressed with his 
sincerity of purpose and loyalty to his friends, a loyalty that counted not the cost. The years have only intensified 



that impression, and these qualities are the ones that have brought him the confidence of his fellow Senators. He^ 
like the rest of us, makes mistakes, but they are always of the head, not of the heart." 

Lucius Virginius Bassett was born in Tarboro, N. C, March 2nd 1861, and is a son of the late W. A. and Chloe 
(Miller) Bassett. He read law at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and located in Rocky Mount for the 
practice of his profession. While having been actively engaged in politics all the time, in his business and profess- 
ional affairs, he has regarded the Law as a very jealous mistress and has freely given to her his full allegiance and 
service at all times. 

Possessing in all respects the ideal legal mind, and re-inforcing this with tireless energy and his natural high 
sense of honor, and pride in the profound principles and great traditions of his profession, he has won a command- 
ing position among the most eminent members of the Bar of Eastern North Carolina. He is at present Attorney for 
the Bank of Rocky Mount and also a prominent director of that institution, which is the oldest and most noted finan- 
cial institution in the city; he is Attorney for the Rocky Mount Mills, the largest manufacturing institution in the city; 
Attorney for the Rocky Mount Homestead and Loan Association, the oldest concern of its class in the city; and en- 
joys a large and lucrative practice among people in every walk of life. He was Attorney for the Board of County 
Commissioners of Edgecombe for six years and surrendered this position when elected to the Senate of 1903. He 
was also a member of the Boad of Elections for Edgecombe from its creation in 1899 until his first election to the 
Senate, and was Chairman of this Board during eight of the ten years he was a member. 

To find the beginning of Senator Bassett's splendid party service, one must needs go back to the year 1892, 
twenty years ago, when he was elected a member of the Democratic Central Executive Committee, which had in 
charge the campaign of that year in Edgecombe, this being the year of a magnificent Democratic victory, not only in 
Edgecombe, but in North Carolina and the nation, Grover Cleveland being elected President for the second time, 
and Elias Carr Governor of North Carolina. Ever since that time Senator Bassett has been growing in ability, use- 
fulness and in the respect and admiration felt for him by all the people of the county and this section. During recent 
years, his reputation has become State-wide, as a safe and useful legislator and a sane and effective leader in the 
Senate of North Carolina. Elected to the Senate the first time in 1903, Mr. Bassett at once took rank as one of the 
really big men in that body, a man whose views were always profoundly considered, and whose opinions" when ex- 
pressed were always potent in the deliberations of the Chamber. Re-elected in 1910, Senator Bassett's influence in 
the Senate of 1911 was an accentuation of his prominence in the previous Senate, and he was regarded as one of the 
most potential of the group of Democratic leaders who shaped the important legislation of the General Assembly of 
191 L He was Chairman of the Democratic Caucus of the Senate and was also Chairman of the Democratic Joint 


Caucus of the Senate and the House, this position carrying with it the formal leadership of the legislature. It is a 
very unusual occurrence for any one Senator to receive the honor of both these Chairmanships. Senator Bassett 
was also Chairman of the Committee on the Revisal, and a member of the Judiciary Committee; of the Committee 
on Appropriations, and on Finance, the next two ranking Committees of the Senate; of the Committees on Counties, 
Cities and Towns; Legislative Appointment; Constitutional Amendments; Insurance; and of the Conference Com- 
mittee on the part of the Senate to censiderand adjust the differences between the two Houses as to the provisions of 
the Revenue and Machinery Acts. Senator Bassett was also Chairman of the Calendar Committee. This is a posi- 
tion of the very greatest responsibility, in that it is the province of this committee (and most of the work devolves upon 
the Chairman) to sift the wheat from the chaff in the last days of the legislature, when it is too late to refer the hund- 
reds of bills awaiting passage, to the various Committees in regular order. The stamp of approval or disapproval 
put upon any bill by the Calendar Committee, at this stage almost invariably means the life or death of such bill. It 
is a splendid tribute to the great respect and regard in which Senator Bassett was held by his colleagues in the Sen- 
ate, that he was made Chairman of this powerful committee; for none but the most trusted and capable leaders ever 
receive this honor. 

The Editors of this Work and the people of Rocky Mount and Edgecombe county take pride in presenting here 
something of the record of Edgecombe's Senator; for the admiration the people have for his splendid ability, is only 
equalled by their respect and regard for the man himself, for his clean and upright character, and for the 
fidelity and efficiency with which he has met every trust that has ever been reposed in him, and has discharged every 
civic duty that has ever devolved upon him. 

Senator Bassett is ah influential member of the Masonic Fraternity, and an active force in local Sunday School 
work, performing diligently and faithfully, the full duties of true manhood and fine citizenship. His forceful person- 
ality is enlisted in favor of every proper cause, as it is given him to see it 



Rocky Mount's Leading Furniture and Undertaking House 

No business concern in Rocky Mount has a cleaner 
or more successful record than that of Bulluck, Philips 
& Company. The firm is composed of Messrs. W. A. 
Bulluck, D. K. Styles and W. B. Philips, three of the 
ablest, most respected and most popular of this city's 
younger business men. Messrs. Bulluck and Styles 
with Mr. G. B. Byrd, who was their partner at that 
time, founded this business January 1st, 1906, underthe 
name of Bulluck, Bvrd & Company, the name being 
changed to Bulluck, Philips & Company in 1907 when 
Mr. Philips purchased the interest of Mr. Byrd. 

Though Messrs. Bulluck and Styles, the active 
managers, are yet young men, Mr. Styles being thirty- 
two and Mr. Bulluck twenty-seven years of age, they 
are now the oldest furniture dealers in the city, having 
been actively engaged in this business since 1902. Their 
phenomenal and substantial growth has carried them in 
the five years since the establishment of the present firm 
from the comparatively small Barnes Building, a 
wooden structure, to the larger store at 115 Washing- 
ton St., and thence to the magnificent quarters they 
now occupy. 

Their stock of furniture and of everything that 
goes to furnish an elegant modern home is exceptionally 
large and complete and of the highest grade. They 


cater to people in every walk of life and keep a stock that will answer the de- 
mands from the most inexpensive to the most expensive. When a customer 
so desires, they will furnish his entire home complete on the basis of a small 
payment down and a very small sum payable monthly thereafter. This gener- 
ous custom of theirs has indeed been a blessing to scores of homes that were 
not able to command the necessary money to pay all cash for iheir furniture. 
The kindness and liberality this firm has shown to hundreds of customers in 
this respect is one of the secrets of their popularity. They also have a com- 
plete embalming and undertaking department with a full line of coffins and 
caskets and all undertakers' supplies, including the finest hearse in the city. 
Mr. Styles, who assists in the undertaking department, is thoroughly competent 
and experienced, having taken a special course in embalming in the Renourd 
Training School for Embalmers, in New York. This firm also has the only 
morgue in the city, located on their third floor. 

The story of the success of this concern and of these young men is one of 
the most remarkable in the annals of Rocky Mount. By square business 
methods, upright life and splendid business capacity they have created one of 
the very largest and strongest furniture businesses in Eastern North Carolina. 
They occupy at present four floors of the large, modern Shore Building, and 
also occupy a large part of the Barnes Building on East Washington street, and 
of the store-room on Washington St., recently vacated by Gorham-Matthews 
Hardware Company, and are using approximately twenty-five thousand square 
feet of floor space. 

Messrs. Bulluck, Styles and Philips are all native born Rocky Mount men, 
and they have, by sheer ability, unfailing courtesy and square methods, attained 
their present enviable standing in the business circles of the city. 

The people of Rocky Mount, recognizing Mr. Bulluck's fine ability and pub- 
lic spirit, elected him a member of the Board of Aldermen in June 1910. In 
this position he served with much usefulness until his removal from the ward 



from which he had been elected, Mr. Bul- 
luck was educated in the schools of Rocky 
Mount, and in his boyhood worked in the 
brokerage business with his uncle at Scot- 
land Neck, N. C. Returning to Rocky 
Mount, he received four years, experience 
in the furniture business as salesman for 
Philips & Dowdy up to the time he went 
into business for himself. 

Mr. Styles knows the furniture busi- 
ness in all its details and has well earned 
the success that has come to him winning 
at the same time the respect and esteem of 
everybody with whom he has come in con- 

With these three alert, aggressive and 
successful young business men behind it, 
and with the marked prominence already 
achieved, the future of the firm of Bulluck, 
Philips & Company is particularly bright 
and its usefulness to Rocky Mount very 







Selling force for Bulluck, Philips & Co. 


One of the Largest and Highest Class Shoe Stores in North Carolina 



The Rocky Mount Shoe Company began 
business in Rocky Mount in the spring of 1907 
and was incorporated under the laws of North 
Carolina in 1910. Since it first opened in Rocky 
Mount, this store has been one of the most pop- 
ular business places in the city. They carry 
only the highest class goods and cater always to 
the best people. Their line of shoes, both as to 
quality and as to the size of stock and complete- 
ness of range in the different styles, sizes and 
widths is not surpassed by any shoe store in 
North Carolina. In the line of haberdashery 
their prominence is undisputed, and the stock 
they carry has become the last word in styles in 
Rocky Mount. 

It is not too much to say in this connection 
that there are few stores anywhere more artisti- 
cally arranged or with neater and more inviting 
appearance. The managers of this store realize 
the fact that the public appreciates competent 
and courteous service and a pleasant place in 
which to shop, as well as goods of high quality. 

The President of the Rocky Mount Shoe 
Company is Mr. R. E. Roberson, a prominent 




and wealthy citizen of Palmyra, N. C. Besides his interest in the Rocky Mount Shoe Company, Mr. Roberson is a 
partner in the stores of Baker & Roberson at Palmyra and Harrison Bros. & Co., at Williamston. He has also 
large and lucrative farming interests. 

The Secretary and Treasurer of the Rocky Mount Shoe Company is Mr. C. F. Getsinger, who is a native of 
Jamesville, N. C, having been born March 24th, 1881. Mr. Getsinger came to Rocky Mount in 1907 as Mr. Rober- 
son's associate, to take charge of the Rocky Mount Shoe Company and it is to his fine business ability and uniform 
courtesy, that a large portion of the success of this company is due. Both in a business and a social way, Mr. Get- 
singer is one of the most popular and respected of Rocky Mount's younger business men. Mr. Getsinger is an 
active member of the First Methodist Church of Rocky Mount and of the Pythian Fraternity. 

Mr. Percy L. Thigpen, the Vice-President of the Rocky Mount Shoe Company, was born near Tarboro, January 
20th, 1884, and came of a prominent Edgecombe county family. He came to Rocky Mount in October 1904 as a 
salesman for The Blount Cympany which position he occupied with eminent satisfaction to his employers until 
January 1st, 1910. On this latter date, he became interested in the Rocky Mount Shoe Company and was elected Vice- 
President of the same and one of its active managers. Mr. Thigpen is thoroughly conversant with the details and 
responsibilities of the business and by his straight-forward methods and courteous and upright bearing has won the 
respect and esteem of a large circle of friends in this city and thereby contributed materially to the success of this 

All in all, it might be said that with two young and aggressive businessmen of sterling character in charge like 
Mr. Getsinger and Mr. Thigpen, The Rocky Mount Shoe Company was bound to succeed, and the prominent posi- 
tion this firm now occupies in the retail business circles of the city is therefore not a matter of wonder. 


188 5 


19 11 




Griffin's Drug Store was one of the earliest business houses established in the 
city, then a village of only a few hundred inhabitants. In 1885 Mr. J. M. Griffin, 
a young man of Washington, N. C, acquired the business from Dr. Powell, for 
whom he had previously clerked. He soon became widely known and loved by 
all his patrons for his kindly and courteous manner and his unwavering loyalty to 
their interest and welfare. Under his hustling and energetic management the 
business grew and prospered, and became known to the people throughout 
both counties. 

Since the death of Mr. Griffin in 1901 the business has continued to be run 
under the old name so well known to the whole community, and with the same 
attention to its old policy of reliability and accuracy, promptness and courtesy. 

The present manager, Mr. H. A. Griffin is a son of the founder and former 
owner, and a young man of exceptional ability and personality. He graduated 
with honors from the College of Pharmacy at the University of North Carolina, in 
1908 and was licensed in the same year. Mr. Griffin is ably assisted by Mr. 
George Hart, a registered druggist, for years associated with the Thomas Drug 
Co., of Duke, N. C, Mr. E. V. Woodard and Mr. J. M. Griffin. 

During the twenty five years of its active business this house has kept abreast 
of all modern methods, and has ever stood for the best interest of the community 
and the developement of the city. No better criterion of its honesty and reliability 
could be cited than that of its continued growth, and the fact that no error has ever 
occurred in the whole course of twenty-five years of active business to mar its record. 
A business house of unusual stability, striving for the end of the mutual advantage 
of itself, and its patrons, with reliability and accuracy as its motto, this firm has 
had a larger part in our great growth and prosperity as a city. 


GEM THEATRE— Rocky M ount's Popular Playhouse 

One of the innovations that have b2;n introdu;ed within the past few years, and which have become very popu- 
lar, are the moving picture theatres. From the beginning it was seen that these theatres were not only a source of 

much innocent diversion and pleasure, at a minimum cost, 
but were really important educational factors to the large 
body of people who patronize them, giving them an insight 
and a knowledge of the physical parts of the different 
countries and cities of the world and of historical incidents 
that cannot fail to be understood by even the most un- 

The Gem Theatre in Rocky Mount, owned and operated 
by Messrs. W. F. Swaringen and J. A. Edgerton, is one 
of the most efficiently conducted and popular of these 
playhouses in the eastern section of North Carolina. Here 
are shown not only several new films of attractive pictures 
every night, but a class of vaudeville performances that 
are really creditable to a theatre where the admission price 
is as low as it is here, five, ten and fifteen cents. 

Mr. Swaringen is one of the best known and most capa- 
gem theatre bl e vaudeville managers in the South and is also the head 

of the Carolina Booking Exchange, which has its main office in Charlotte, with a branch office in Rocky Mount, 
managed by Mr. J. A. Edgerton, and books performances for a chain of theatres that reach all the way from Virginia 
to middle Georgia. In addition to his theatre in Rocky Mount, Mr. Swaringen owns and operates the Orpheum 
Theatre, in Charlotte, N. C, which is the headquarters of his booking business. Mr. Swaringen was formerly well 
known in the North Carolina newspaper field, being for a number of years editor and owner of the Edenton Trans- 
cript. He left the newpaper business to enter the amusement world about two years ago and the success he has 
won in his new field in so short a time is proof that he possesses ability of more than ordinary class. Mr. Edger- 
ton looks after the management of the Gem Theatre in this city. 






U. S. Commissioner and Attorney At Law 

The subject of this sketch, Mr. Maurice Victor Barnhill, is one of the 
most prominent of the younger members of the Rocky Mount and Nash 
County Bar. 

Mr. Barnhill was born in Enfield, Halifax County, N. C, December 5th, 
1887 and is therefore only twenty-three years old. He is a son of Martin V. 
and Mary (Dawes) Barnhill, his mother being a sister of Senator John Dawes 
of Elm City, N. C. ^ n . , , . lU 

Mr. Barnhill was educated in the Enfield Graded Schools and in the 
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 

During 1907 when only twenty years old, he was Assistant Cashier of 
the Toisnot Banking Company of Elm City, N. C, making an enviable 
record in the short time he was engaged in the banking business. Going 
back to Chapel Hill, he read the prescribed course in Law, and was licensed 
to practice by the Supreme Court of North Carolina in February 1909. He 
immediately located in Raieigh for the practice of his profession forming a 
copartnership with Mr. Walter H. Grimes, a leading young attorney of the 
Capital city. Mr. Barnhill practiced law in Raleigh until March 1910, when 
he came to Rocky Mount to permanently locate. 

Here, Mr. Barnhill is by his close application, upright life and fine ability, 
achieving success, and has already built up a nice practice within this short 


During the campaign of 1910, he was appointed by the Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee, 
leader tor Nash County of the Young Men's Movement which contributed materially to the great Democratic victory 
won in North Carolina and the nation last year. 

In February 1911, as a further recognition of Mr. BarnhiU's ability and fine character, he was appointed U S 
Commissioner byU. S. Judge Connor, and is filling this position with credit to himself, and with Ihorough satisfac- 
tion to the governmental authorities. 

Mr. Barnhill is at present, Attorney for a number of corporations, including the Sharpsburg Banking Company, 
the town of Sharpsburg, the town of Elm City, and the Toisnot Banking Company of Elm City. He is regarded 
among the profession as a very promising practitioner, one who holds in high regard and respect, the ideals and 
ethics of his profession, and withal, possesses those sterling qualities of character which must constitute the founda- 
tion of success in any walk of life. 

Mr. Barnhill is unmarried. 

His offices are over Kyser's Drug Store in the central section of the city. 



Proprietor of Bulluck's Garage, Bulluck's Automobile Training School, and Rocky Mount's Leading Automobile 

Expert and Dealer. Cars For Sale, Hire and Exchange 

One of the most striking effects of the building of good roads in the surrounding country and the paving of the 
streets of Rocky Mount has been seen in the great increase in popularity of automobiles as a means of transit during 
the past few years, and in the great number of machines that are now owned by citizens of Rocky Mount. 

The leading automobile dealer in the city is Mr. L. D. Bulluck, and his garage in the Rose building on Main 
street, is one of the largest in Eastern North Carolina. On one floor he has approximately 6,500 square feet of floor 
space, with cement floor, sufficient to store comfortably, forty cars, and an average of fifteen cars can be found in this 
garage every night. 

The famous Overland, Oakland, Reo, Brush, Hupmobile and E. M. F. cars are here stored and handled. 

Mr. Bulluck's automobile repair department is one of the most complete and efficient in North Carolina. He 
employs only expert machinists, and all the work done is the very best that skill and the utmost care can produce. 
He carries a full line of all accessories and also a complete line of tubes and casings to fit any car now in use. 5 per 
cent discount is given for cash. 

Another feature of this big establishment is a painting and finishing department, carrying an extensive line of 
paints and crude material and employing an expert painter and finisher who has given his life to this business. This 
department is prepared to do all kinds of painting and finishing, especially automobiles of all makes, carriages, 
hearses; and repairs and refinishes high grade and antique furniture. The excellence of the work of this depart- 
ment is well known and has been widely commented on. 

Beginning the first of the present year, Mr. Bulluck has been conducting at his garage, an Automobile Training 
School, which has been eminently successful so far, and is rapidly acquiring a reputation for thorough and conscien- 
tious instruction both as to the mechanism of all makes of automobiles and in the capacity to handle them. Men 
totally without experience are here put through a course of training that in a short time thoroughly fits them for any 
class of service in the care and handling of automobiles. 

Mr. Bulluck is one of the best known and most reliable automobile and mechanical experts in eastern North 


Carolina. For twenty one years he has been engaged exclusively in business that has covered almcst every 
department and class of mechanical work. His methods are direct, thorough and effective. 

Mr. Leigh Davis Bulluck is a descendant of one of the oldest and most prom- 
inent Edgecombe County families, which has long been widely connected and 
closely identified with the county's business and social life. Mr. Bulluck himself 
was born in Halifax County, January' 22nd 1863. His father moved back to 




Edgecombe in 1866. Mr. Bulluck's early life was spent 
on the farm, where he imbibed those elements of physical 
and intellectual strength and vigor, which are rarely 
gained elsewhere. Although he has been actively 
engaged in the handling and operation of machinery 
for the past two decades, he only entered the automo- 
bile business in the spring of 1909, becoming a partner 
at that time in the Rocky Mount Motor Car Company. 
His present business was launched December 1st, 1909, 
and its rapid growth and notable success are a splendid 
tribute to a business generalship which has been able 
to accomplish so much in so short a time. Being com- 
paratively a new business, the success of an establish- 
ment of the large proportions of The Bulluck Garage, 
was regarded in the beginning as somewhat proble- 
matical. However, Mr. Bulluck has conclusively proven 
that it can succeed, and that Rocky Mount, The Gateway 
City of Eastern North Carolina, is the proper place for 
the automobile center of the eastern half of the state. 
So rapidly has Mr. Bulluck's out-of-town business 
interior view eulluck-s garage grown, that he has found it necessary to employ an 

automobile and mechanical expert, whose business it is to hold himself subject to calls from other towns. 

Mr. Bulluck was married December 31st 1903 in Mount Lebanon Church, Baltimore, Md., to Miss Mary Ketu- 
rah Kelly of the distinguished Maryland family of that name. The birthplace of Mrs. Bulluck is in Somerset Co., 
on the eastern shore of Maryland. Mrs. Bulluck'is a lady of intellectual strength and charming grace, and with 
generations of culture and refinement behind her, has naturally become a social favorite in Rocky Mount. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bulluck have one child, a son, Master Leigh Davis Bulluck, Jr., who is an interesting and spirited young gen- 
tleman of six years. 



Insurance, Real Estate And Bonds. 

One of the fastest growing real estate, insurance and bonding businesses in Rocky Mount today is that of Mr. 
George T. Burnette, whose offices are located on Main St., next to Kyser's Drug Company. This business was es- 
tablished by Mr. Burnette in 1906, and each year has shown a steady and substantial growth in scope and in the 
amount of business transacted. Mr. Burnette does a general insurance business in all its branches, including life, 
fire, accident, burglary, health and plate glass. He represents the following, which are among the best standard fire 
insurance companies in the world: The Royal Exchange of London, the Security of New Haven, the Spring Garden 
of Philadelphia, Teutonia of New Orleans, Franklin of Philadelphia, Equitable Fire of Charleston, Central National 
of Chicago, Monongahela of Pittsburg, Milwaukee Mechanics' of Milwaukee, Wis., and the Underwriters Fire of 
Rocky Mount. In life and accident insurance he represents the State Life Insurance Company of Indiana, the 
Travelers of Hartford, Conn., the Pennsylvania Casualty Company, and the National Surety Company, a leading 
bonding company. 

Mr. Burnette's real estate transactions are becoming of greater magnitude each year. He is now the manager 
of the Villa Place Property, an extensive and most desirable residential section in the Western part of the city. There 
are no more desirable lots for building purposes in Rocky Mount than the lots which are included in this property. 

Mr. Burnette is a native of Castalia, Nash County, N. C, and was born May 26, 1879. He was educated in the 
public schools of Nash County and when 19 years old, went to Florence, S. C, and established a hardware, plumb- 
ing and tinning business, which he afterward sold to his brother. From that time (1902) until 1906 he was travelling 
salesman for leading wholesale hardwire companies of Richmond and Charleston with headquarters at Florence and 
Sumter, S. C, returning to his native county in 1906 and establishing his present business. He was married Jan. 
1st, 1904 to Miss Blanche Lewis of Florence, S. C. Mr. Burnette is recognized as an insurance and real estate man 
of splendid ability, and by his honorable business dealings and blameless life has acquired quite an enviable position 
in the business world cf Rocky Mount. 






Rocky Mount people can indeed point with pride to the Abram Book Company. In neatness, inviting appear"^ 

ance, tasteful and artistic arrangement of the in j 
terior, as well as for the skillful business insight 
evidenced by the show windows, and the quality 
and amount of stock carried, this store does not 
have an equal in its class in North Carolina. 
It is really a pleasure for any one who appreci-' 
ates the artistic in life, to pay the store of Mr. 
Abram a visit, fof not only will they find any 1 
kind of literature desired, but his stock consists 
of pictures of all descriptions, .novelties, picture 1 
frames, brass and leather goods, and he adver- 
tises' that he can sell anything to a business man 
in the way of modern office conveniences. He' 
also does' a Wholesale business in wrapping paper 
and paper bags, and in fact does' a large out of 
town business in all the lines. 

Mf. Abram established this business in the : 
Fall of 1909, ih the Planters Bank Building, but 
his business' steadily grew Until he required 
larger' quarters, and the first of the present year 1 
he moved to his present large Store in the 
Jenkins' Building on Tarboro Street, an interior" 
view of which is given in this book. 
interior view abram book company Mr. Abram is yet a young man, thirty one' 

years of age, but is already a member of the Board of Aldermen of Rocky Mount, a position of much honor in thi£ 

city, and is performing well the public duties that have devolved upon him, 



This Company is Rocky Mount's leading manufacturer of all kinds of soft drinks, the favorite product of the 
Han, heing d*U* and Lversally enjoyed drink, Pepsi-Col, £*«^™tfg«£&!?& 'S 

up an extensive and lucrative wholesale trade through- 
out several counties surrounding Rocky Mount. 
The company has a large and splendidly equipped 
plant at the corner of Washington and Marigold 
Streets, where they have every modern improve- 
ment, and device to facilitate the rapid and sanitary 
production of their numerous kinds of non-alcoholic 

The one supreme object, towards which every 
effort is directed at this plant, is absolute cleanliness 
and purity of the drinks manufactured. The plant is 
washed up every day and every utensil is thoroughly 
sterlized. The water that is used is filtered by the 
city of Rocky Mount, and in addition this Bottling 
Plant has its own filtering system, and here the water 
is filtered a second time, thus insuring the maximum 
of purity. The bottles that are used go through 
several processes of cleansing. First they stay in a 
caustic soda solution for twenty minutes, which is 
twice as strong as lye, and are washed three times in 
three different streams of running water during which 
process a rubber cleanser, operated by machinery, 
scours the inside. After having gone through this 


MR. GEORGE N. COOK, Manager 

process, there is simply no question that they are entirely clean and sanitary. The 
floor and syrup rooms receive daily attention, the floors being of cement with 
running water at hand everywhere. 

The stockholders in this concern are Messrs. George N. Cook, George L. 
Morgan and J. D.Farrior, and the manager, as has been stated above, is Mr. Cook. 

Mr. Cook is a native of Franklin County, N. C.,and was born March 23, 1883. 
He was raised on the farm and received his education in the public schools of 
Franklin County and at Richmond College. He came to Rocky Mount first in 
January 1902, holding a position with Matthews, Weeks & Company, Wholesale 
Grocers, and later for two years, was manager of a wholesale grocery concern in 
Edenton, N. C, returning to Rocky Mount to accept a position with the Rocky 
Mount Ice & Fuel Company. In January 1910, he purchased a large interest in 
his present business, The Rocky Mount Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company, and was 
elected its manager. In the management of the business Mr. Cook has evidenced 
ability of a high order, the Company under his control having rapidly extended 
its scope of operations and largely increased its trade. He is one of the most pop- 
ular and most respected of the city's younger business element, being a member 
of a number of clubs and fraternal organizations. 

The non-alcoholic beverages manufactured by this Company are becoming 
more and more popular in this territory, and as the trade becomes better and bet- 
ter acquainted with the fine conditions prevailing at the plant, and with the abso- 
lute cleanliness with which the drinks are manufactured, larger orders and a wider 
popularity are the results. 




MR. HOWARD COHEN, Proprietor 


One of the centres of interest for the Rocky Mount shopping trade is Cohen's 
Five and Ten Cent Store, situated on Main Street, two doors from the Post Office. 

This store was established by Mr. Howard Cohen October 1st, on a very small 
scale, it being a new thing to Rocky Mount. Mr. Cohen, who is a native of Sa- 
vannah, Ga., and is now but twenty five years old, had previously been with the 
Atlanta Store of S. H. Kress & Company, who operate Five, Ten and Twenty 
Five Cent Stores all over the United States. Putting into practical use in Rocky 
Mount, the ideas and experience he has gained while with Kress, Mr. Cohen has 
built up his Rocky Mount business with wonderful rapidity. He carries now large 
and varied lines making at least ten times the stock that he carried when he opened 
business a year and half ago, and it is a very poorly informed person in Rocky 
Mount or this whole surrounding territory who does not know of the Rocky Mount 
Five and Ten Cent Store. That he has succeeded to such a large extent in so 
short a time, is proof positive that Mr. Cohen not only knows his business but 
possesses the ability and capacity to properly manage it with its thousand and one 
details and worries. 

Mr. Cohen, as has been stated was born in Savannah, Ga., and received his 
education at the Poughkeepsie Military Academy, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

The assistant manager of the store is Miss Lena Powell, a gifted and attractive 
young lady with a good business head. She is a daughter of Mr. W. F. Powell, 


who came to Rocky Mount from Nashville, N. C. seven years ago. Miss Powell has been with Mr. Cohen ever 
since the store opened, and it is but just to say that a good part of the credit for its success is due to her intelligent 
and creditable work. 

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Architect and Builder 


Few, if any, architects in N. C, are better 
known or have a finer reputation, than John C. 
Stout, of Rocky Mount. A thorough master of 
his craft, and adding to this the strength of high 
character and excellent business ability, he has 
won the confidence of a wide and select clientele 
throughout this and other states. 

Among the buildings which he has designed 
in Rocky Mount are the residences of Mr. T. J. 
Hackney, Mr. J. C. Braswell, Mr. D. D. Cuth- 
rell, Hon. F. S. Spruill, Capt. John D. Bulluck, 
Jr., Isaac Levy, The First National Bank Build- 
ing, Philips Building and other buildings too 
numerous to mention. 

Mr. Stout is a prominent member of the 
Masonic Order, being a Past Master of St. 
John's Lodge No. 1 Wilmington, N. C. He is 
also a Knight Templar and Shriner and a 32nd 
degree Mason. 




Groceries, Clothing and General Merchandise 
A Popular and Fast Growing Store 

This is one of the most popular grocery stores in the city and a great center 
for the general country trade. The proprietor and manager is Mr. T. L. Worsley, 
one of the best known and most respected citizens of the city. Mr. Worsley 
established his present business in the year 1899 on Washington Street, just a few 
doors from the large place he now occupies. Each year since, the business has 
shown a substantial growth, and each year has seen a broadening of its trade and 
an increase in popularity. These facts are accounted for by the unvarying polite- 
ness and consideration shown his customers by Mr. Worsley and his assistants, 
and by his policy of square dealing and of rendering absolute satisfaction to every- 
body who trades at his store. He carries a large stock of general merchandise, 
including clothing, dry goods,- hats, shoes and notions, and one of the most com- 
plete and up to date stocks of groceries in Rocky Mount. 

Mr. Worsley, himself, is a native of Rocky Mount, having been born almost 
within sight of the city, on May 22, 1868. He comes of sturdy Edgecombe 
County parentage, and in his business affairs he has shown evidences of fine 
ability, which have won for him a prominent place in the business life of this com- 
munity. Leaving the farm, Mr. Worsley first entered the leaf tobacco business in 
Rocky Mount, and was successfully engaged in that business until 1899, when he 
established his present business. He was married December 28, 1898 to Miss 
Annie Madry, of Scotland Neck, N. C. Mr. and Mrs, Worsley have two children. 


Mr. Worsley is assisted in his business by Messrs. J. T. D. Avent of the prominent Nash County family of that 
name, H. Z. Luper, and L. E. Sumner, who is also a native of Rocky Mount. Mr. Worsley's efficient and popular 
bookkeeper is Miss Mattie Avent, daughter of Mr. J. T. D. Avent. Two delivery boys are employed by the store 
all the time, as Mr. Worsley makes it his policy to deliver promptly and without cost, all merchandise ordered by his 
customers in the city. The phone numbers are 153 and 270. 



Clothing, Shoes and Haberdashery 

This is one of the leading clothing stores, not only of Rocky Mount, but of all 
this section of the State. 

Mr. Epstein carries such well-known and popular lines as Kuppenheimer 
Clothing, Edwin Clapp Shoes, Hawes Hats and Eclipse Shirts, and has an enviable 
patronage among the higher classes of the trade, to whom he especially caters. 

The present clothing house of E. Epstein was established in Rocky Mount in 
March 1905, Mr. Epstein coming here from Goldsboro, where he had previously 
been in business with his brother, under the firm name of Epstein Bros. 

By his upright life, splendid ability, and honorable business methods, he has 
built a reputation for his store in Rocky Mount, the value of which it is hard to 

Carrying an immense stock of the highest quality in every line, and honestly 
representing every article sold, his popularity is not to be wondered at. 
As a citizen of Rocky Mount, Mr. Epstein is useful and forceful, and his public spirit is well-known. Every 
movement having for its object the progress of the city, can always count upon his substantial support. He was one 
of the promoters and is a charter member of the present Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce. 

Mr. Epstein has a handsome residence at the corner of Franklin St., and Western Avenue where he and his 
family reside. 



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Proprietor of the Leading Bicycle and Sporting Goods 


The store of George F. Harrell, on Main Street, has become within the past 
few years, one of the best and most favorably known stores of its class in eastern 
North Carolina. The extent and diversity of the stock carried has brought almost 
every citizen of this section in touch with this business in one way or another, 
and the uniform courtesy, square dealing and fair prices which have characterized 
all of Mr. Harrell's business transactions with the public have made his store very 
popular with all classes of the trade. 

It is probable that nowhere else in this section of the state can so complete 
and high class lines of the goods carried, be found. The lines include bicycles of 
the following standard makes: Racycle, Rambler, Cleveland, Reading Standard, 
Iver Johnson, Eagle; Edison Phonographs and Victor Talking Machines from 
the cheapest to the costliest types; Eastman Kodaks; Spaulding's Baseball and 
sporting goods; tennis goods; shot guns and rifles in all the standard makes; revol- 
vers; full stock of up-to-date phonograph records; numerous lines that are usually 
found in a regular hardware store, and a full line of electrical equipment and appa- 
ratus. The electrical department of this store has lately grown into an important 
division, and is doing inside wiring in some of the most elegant Rocky Mount 

In addition to his electrical department, Mr. Harrell also conducts the most 
complete bicycle and mechanical repair department in the city, employing expert 
mechanics and doing a grade of work that is eminently satisfactory to his patrons. 


This large business has been built up within the past three 
and one-half years, and it is but just to the man whose brains 
and energy created it, to say that with its thousands of details, 
it has required a high order of ability, originality and fine busi- 
ness management, and its success today is a proof that those 
qualities are combined in Mr. Harrell, who though very unas- 
suming, has come to be regarded as a safe and excellently 
equipped business man, in the trade circles of the city. 

Mr. Harrell is a native of Gates county, N. C, born April 

8, 1880. In his early youth, he left the farm on which he was 

reared and went to Portsmouth, Va., to work for his uncle. He 

entered business for himself first at Pinners Point, Va., in 1901, 

opening a sporting goods store, which he conducted until his 

desire for a larger field and better opportunities brought him to 

Rocky Mount in the fall of 1907. Mr. Harrell has, therefore, 

spent his whole business life thus far in the same business in 

which he is now engaged, another proof of the fact that this is a 

day of specialists, and that to succeed it is almost invariably 

necessary to choose a vocation and then stick to it. Mr. Harrell 

. has done that, and has succeeded, and according to all indications, 

Interior View of Mr. G. F. Harrell s Store the future holds for him yet a greater measure of success. 

Besides his qualitiesas a business man, Mr. Harrell is a good citizen, always being willing to contribute his part 

to any movement that will benefit his adopted city. He is respected and esteemed by a large and increasing number 

of friends, and acquaintances, aside from the hundreds of pleased and satisfied customers whose names are on his 



THORPE & RICKS— Leaf Tobacco 


Tobacco Prizery of Thorpe O. RicKs 


the manufacturer and dealer to buy on Rocky Mount Market because our tobacco is of superior' quafi'ty', 


the farmer to sell on Rocky Mount Market because prices are steady and always as high as others, 



The Oldest and Largest Institution of Its Kind in Rocky Mount 

Is Rapidly Making Rocky Mount A City of 


After ail said, there is probably no more useful institution in Rocky Mount today than the Rocky Mount Home- 
stead & Loan Association. This association offers one of ihe best plans yet devised for investment of savings, and 
especially for those who wish to invest their savings in the building of a home. This company was organized in 
1902, and it would be very difficult to estimate with any degree of accuracy the large number of people that it has 
made home-owners* and the number of salaried people whom it has enabled to get together their first nest eggs. It 
is a strictly local institution, having for its sole object the promotion of habits of saving and thrift among our people, 
and leading them to practice economy with a view of owning their own homes and becoming independent. The of- 
ficers of this company, who are among the leading business men and capitalists of this section, serve the association 
entirely without pay, and in every respect the expenses are reduced to a minimum. It is a splendid tribute to the 
unselfish and capable service rendered by the managers of this institution, that never in its history has this associ- 
ation lost a penny. One reason for this is that it is a fixed rule of this institution that before any loan is made, not 
only all the officers, but every director, must pass upon it; and the approval must be unanimous, or the loan does 
not go through. Every cent of the money paid in by the shareholders is kept continually at work, as the officers do 
not believe in the policy of carrying a large unnecessary balance in the bank, which would draw no interest. In this 
way, everv precaution and safeguard is thrown around the money of the shareholders in order that it may not only 
be perfectly safe against loss, but that il may earn the largest possible dividends. 


The growth of this association has been rapid and substantial. At its organization there Were less than four 
hundred subscribers. Now, there are thirty-five hundred shares in force, and six hundred shares have been matured 
and cancelled, the association paying out to its shareholders within the past two years, ($60,000.00) sixty thousand 
dollars. The officers and directors of this association have been referred to in this book in connection with other 
enterprises, with which they are actively connected, and no sketch of them will be attempted here. It suffices to say 
that all the offices and directors are known to the public as men of large interests and fine ability, in whose integrity 
the people of Rocky Mount have every confidence. 

To Mr. R. L. Huffines, to whose initiative and promotion the existence of this most useful concern is due more 
than to any other cause, a large share of the credit for its fine and Worthful accomplishments must be given. 

The full list of the officers and directors of this assDciation are as follows: President, Mr. Thomas H Battle; 
Vice-President, Mr. W. H. Newell; Secretary & Treasurer, Mr. R. L. Huffines; Directors. Messrs. A. P. Thorpe, 
John M. Donlan, W. H. Newell, M. Oppenheimer, J. Q. Robinson, R. M. Will : ams. E. W. Smith, Thomas H. Bat- 
tle, W. F. James and R. L. Huffines. 




Insurance, Real Estate, Bonds, Loans, Rental Agents. 
One of the Strongest Real Estate and Insurance Organi- 
zations in Eastern Carolina, and the Oldest in 

Rocky Mount 

Few, if any, business organizations have been more intimately concerned and active in the growth and progress 
of Rocky Mount during the past decade than the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Co., and its predecessors, Battle 
& Huffines, and Huffines & Davis. This Company is, perhaps, the largest and most extensive dealer in real estate 
in this section of North Carolina, buying and selling on commission and also for investment. They handle an im- 
mense amount of city property annually and many thousand acres of land outside of the city, extending over several 
counties and even in other states, in fact, wherever it appears profitable to them to deal. 

Every branch and character of insurance is done here, and the volume of their insurance business has grown to 
such proportions that they rank among the first concerns of this character in North Carolina. They represent thirty 
of the leading fire insurance companies of the world, writing a great volume of business not only in life and fire, but 
in burglary, accident, steam boilers, plate glass liability, and other forms of insurance. Their fire insurance business 
actually extends from the mountains to the sea, and they write quite a large amount of insurance in Wilmington, 
Asheville and other leading cities of the state outside of Rocky Mount. Their rental department, established in 
October, 1908, has become a very important feature of the business, and a large proportion of the most select and 
valuable property in the city is rented and the rents collected through their agency. 


In addition to their insurance, real estate and rental departments, they maintain and conduct one of the largest 
loan departments in the city, lending money on real estate, abstracting the titles and absolutely guaranteeing all the 
loans they make. During the past year they have placed in this community, on real estate, loans to the amount of 
approximately one hundred thousand dollars from money obtained for this purpose from the insurance companies 
which they represent and other sources. To show the splendid ability displayed in the management of this business 
it might be stated that since its organization in 1906 it has never paid less than ten per cent annual dividends, some- 
time going above that figure, and at the same time it has in addition accumulated a surplus that is now almost equal 
to the capital, which is ($25,000.00) twenty-five thousand dollars. 

As has been stated, the predecessors of this company were Battle & Huffines, organized in 1900, and doing then 
an insurance business exclusively; and Huffines & Davis, a firm that was organized in 1904 and whose business the 
present company took over. The founder, general manager and moving spirit of this company always has been and 
is now Mr. R. L. Huffihes, one of the most versatile, forceful and successful business men in this section of the state. 
As an insurance man, Mr. Huffines is known over several states as one of the ablest and most successful in the bus- 
iness. The large and profitable deals in real estate, which he is constantly engineering and consummating for his 
company, have placed him in the front ranks of Eastern Carolina real estate operators. 

Mr. Huffines is a native of Rockingham County, N. C, and was born in 1873. He was educated at Oak Ridge 
Institute, and came to Rocky Mount in 1893 when twenty years of age. Since that time he has thoroughly identified 
himself with and contributed a considerable share in all the developments and progressive steps that have made 
Rocky Mount the progressive city it is today. Mr. Huffines was married in 1898 to Miss Carrie Whitehead, the at- 
tractive and gifted daughter of the late lamented Dr. W. H. Whitehead, who had won eminence in his profession in 
this city, having been at one time President of the Medical Examining Board of North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. Huf- 
fines have four children, and have a beautiful and commodious home at the corner of Franklin Street and Sunset 
Ave., in a select residential section of the city. 

A full list of the officers of the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Company is as follows: President, Mr. Thomas 
H. Battle; Vice President and General Manager, Mr. R. L. Huffines; Secretary and Treasurer, Mr. J. A. Smith; 
Attorney, Hon. W. L. Thorpe; Adjuster, Mr. Benjamin M. Brothers; Manager of Rental Department, Mr. L. Red- 
mond; Stenographer, Miss Maude Philips; Directors, Messrs. T. J. Hackney, W. L. Groom, John M. Donlan, F. 
C. Ferguson, P. C. Shore, Paul W. Schenck, G. T. Matthews, W. L. Thorpe, Thomas H. Battle and R. L. Huffines. 

To the thousands who know the men named above on the Board of Directors, and as Officers, the strength and 
entire reliability of this company will become patent at a glance. They are men who have been at the helm all the 


way from the time Rocky Mount was a village until the present time, and represent resources that it would be hard 
to calculate. Something of most of them is told elsewhere in the book in connection with the sketches of other large 
interests with which they are actively connected. 

The Secretary and Treasurer of the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Company is Mr. James Addison Smith, 
one of the most popular young business men in the city, competent and reliable in every respect, and possessing the 
full confidence of his business associates. Mr. Smith is a native of Swansonville, Pittsylvania County, Va., and was 
born on October 23, 1883. He came to Tarboro, N. C. in 1902, accepting a position with the Pamlico Insurance & 
Banking Company of that town. He came to Rocky Mount February 1, 1906 to assume the position which he now 
occupies. His fine business Qualities and excellent character, together with his uniform courtesy, have given him a 
secure position in Rocky Mount social and business circles. He is a member of the Elks and Pythian Fraternities. 

The Company's Adjuster, Mr. Benjamin M. Brothers, is a man of fine business sagacity, and is rendering the 
company very satisfactory service in a very difficult and responsible position. He first became connected with this 
company in 1909. He is employed the major portion of his time as Adjuster for the companies in the settlement of 
losses in Eastern Carolina and also acts as assistant to Mr. Huffines in the management of the insurance department. 
Mr. Brothers came here from Richmond, Va., his home, where he was formerly connected with the Virginia State 
Insurance Company, and with the insurance department of the Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company. He brought 
a very fine record to Rocky Mount, and the work he has done since he came here has proven that he was worthy of it. 

The manager of the Rental Department, Mr. H. L. Redmond, is a native of Edgecombe County, and was born 
near Tarboro on May 4, 1881. Mr. Redmond was raised on the farm and acquired those sturdy qualities of charac- 
ter that are usually won by such a life. He came to Rocky Mount in 1910 to accept his present position, and is 
making a fine record as one of the best, most efficient and most effective collectors in the city. 

The stenographer of the Company, and one of its most valued employees, is Miss Maude Philips, daughter of 
the late Mr. lohn W. Philips of Edgecombe County. Miss Philips was educated at the famous school of St. Mary s 
in Raleigh, N. C, and has been with Mr. Huffines in his insurance and other business since April 15, 1901. She 
understands the business thoroughly, is devoted to the interests of the company, and withal possesses excellent busi- 
ness judgment. These facts have given her a standing with the company that is rarely attained by stenographers, 
and it would be hard to estimate the great value and advantage of her long service and loyalty to the interests of Mr. 
Huffines and of the company. 

The offices of the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Company are in the Bank of Rocky Mount Building on 
Main Street next to the Postoffice. 


Bank of Rocky Mount and Offices of Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Co. 



One of the Leading Grocery Con- 
cerns of thi s City 

The firm of Gaston G. Levy & Bro. began business 
in Rocky Mount in the year 1898, being composed of 
Mr. Gaston G. Levy, who has all the time been the 
active manager of the concern, with the late Mr. Louis 
C. Levy, his brother, as his silent partner. It is not 
too much to say that nowhere in this section of the State 
can be found a grocery concern that carries a more com- 
plete stock or that has a wider and more select patron- 
age than the firm of Gaston G. Levy & Bro. Besides 
being always large and complete, the stock is kept always 
fresh, and the customers of this store always feel sure 
that whatever they buy here is not only of the best qual- 
ity and at reasonable prices, but that the same will be 
accurately charged. 
Mr. Gaston G. Levy, the active manager of the busi- 
iNiF.RicRviFW gaston g l tvv S. EFO -s stcre ness, has lived in Rocky Mount since his early boyhood, 

and in addition to possessing splendid business ability, he has so lived and conducted himself as to gain the respect 
and warm esteem of the business circles of Rocky Mount and of the people generally. Mr. Levy is thirty-seven years 
old The silent partner in this firm, as stated above, has been Mr. Louis C. Levy, of whom mention is made in the 
story elsewhere in this book of Braswell & Levy, Leaf Tobacco Dealers, in which firm he was also a partner. He 
died Feb. 25, 1911, as universally mourned and lamented as any citizen this city ever possessed. 

Mr. Gaston G. Levy will continue to conduct the business in the future under the same firm name, and will keep 
it at the same high standard of success and efficiency with which it has been conducted heretofore. The store is 
located on Main Street between Kyser's Drug Store and the Post Office, and the 'phone numbers are 197 and 298. 



Chapman & McLemore. 

Merchant Tailors. 

This well known tailoring firm is com- 
posed of Mr. G. Badger Chapman and 
Mr. William E. McLemore. They not 
only do the largest tailoring business in 
Rocky Mount, but have probably the 
largest business of this kind in this section 
of the State. With ample capacity and a 
large and well situated display room at 109 
W. Tarboro St., with ample and commo- 
dious tailoring shops on the second floor, 
they carry a beautiful and extensive line 
of woolens that is always up to the minute 
and represents all the prevailing styles and 
shades. The quality of their tailoring is 
well known in Rocky Mount and through- 
out a territory that reaches to a great dis- 
tance in each direction from the city. They 
make the clothes of the people who know 
how clothes ought to be made, and the 
one rule of the shop is that every customer 
must be satisfied in every detail of the suit 
that this firm builds for him. Ladies' Tail- 
oring is one of the firm's specialties. 



Mr. Chapman is a young man of fine parts and 
is a native of this section. He was educated at the 
Warrenton High School and at one of the best business 
colleges in the United States, at Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
This is his first venture in business of this character, as 
he has only recently purchased a half interest in this 
business. To those who know his excellent business 
qualities and good judgment, a successful future seems 
assured for him. 

Mr. W. E. McLemore has been a resident of Rocky 
Mount for ten years, coming here in 1901. He is a 
native of Chesterfield County, S. C, where he was born 
May 11th, 1873. He was reared on the farm and devel- 
oped there certain qualities of character, including 
energy, tenacity and industry which have stood him in 
good stead in his business career. Later, Mr. McLemore 
was connected with a laundry in Charlotte for some 
time, and was manager of a laundry in Augusta, Ga., 
for a space of one year. During the first few years 
of his residence in Rocky Mount, he was manager and 
owner of the Pearl Steam Laundry. Disposing of his 
interest in the laundry, seven years ago, he entered 
interior view chapman & McLemore the ta ji or j ng business in which he has been engaged 

ever since. Mr. McLemore is known as an expert and conscientious craftsman who is thoroughly conversant with 
every process involved in the building of a fashionable and satisfactory suit of clothes. The large and select patron- 
age he has won in Rocky Mount and in this section is ample proof of this fact. 

With Mr. Chapman as partner and in the large and more commodious place of business to which they have 
recently moved, they have a right to expect a still larger measure of success for the firm. 


Residence of MR. W. H. NEWELL 



Architect and Contractor 

On this page is shown the home of Mr. H. S. Pool, who is both an architect and contractor, having had four- 
teen years' practical experience in these lines, and he thoroughly understands how to prepare plans for, or to erect, or 

both, any kind of building. He has made plans and con- 
tracted for some of the city's handsomest residences, as well as 
buildings of other character, and also this is true of other places, 
he having done a large amount of work in his line in nearby 
cities and towns. 

He is prepared to submit estimates for any kind of residence, 
store or manufacturing plant. On another page is shown the 
residence of Mr. W. H. Newell, which was designed and built 
by Mr. Pool, and which is one of the handsomest in our city. 
A few of the buildings erected by Mr. Pool are the Farmer's 
Warehouse, remodeling of the Episcopal Church parsonage, 
Baptist Church at Spring Hope, the residences of Messrs. Tom 
and Jim Hines and T. A. Brinkley, in this city, and the resi- 
dence of Mr. W. B. Bobbitt, at Enfield. Mr. Pool's strongest 
testimonials are from those for whom he has worked. 
As reference as to Mr. Pool's responsibility he gives The 
residence of mr. h. s. pool First National Bank, of Rocky Mount. 



One of Rocky Mount's Leading and Most Popular Grocers 


There is no more complete and up-to-date 
grocery store in Eastern Carolina than that of Mr. 
G. F. Jones, situated at No. 123 South Main 
Street, Rocky Mount, N. C. Mr. Jones carries 
in stock everything that is included in the highest 
grade lines of the grocery business. His store 
was established in the year 1886, and is therefore 
one of the oldest grocery stores in the city. Ap- 
pealing always to those who are particular as to 
the things they buy to eat, Mr. Jones has built up 
a trade that is not only large and lucrative, but is 
select and permanent. The cause of this can be 
found in the unifqrm courtesy and politeness 
shown the customers of this store through all the 
years of its business life by Mr. Jones and his as- 
sistants. The assistant manager of the store 
now is Mr. W. F. Jones, a son of Mr. G.F.Jones. 
Mr. W. F. Jones was born Feb. 28, 1886, and as 
assistant to his father, has been in the grocery 
business practically all his life, and has come to be 
one of the most popular and capable salesman in 
the city. 

Notable points about this store are the attrac- 
tive and well arranged window displays that are 





always in evidence, the prompt filling of orders, the quick delivery, and the neat and well-kept appearance of the 
stock, which is always fresh and up-to-date. Mr. Jones, himself, is a native of Nash County, and was born in 1864. 
By his clean life and honorable business methods he has won high standing in the trade circles of the city, and what 
his customers think of him is shown by the fact that when once a person trades with him, that person almost invari- 
ably becomes a regular customer. One good reason for this fact is that every patron of this store feels absolutely 
assured that whatever they buy will come to them just as represented, the best in that particular line, and that the 
same will be accurately charged. This is a great consideration for those who have monthly grocery accounts, and 
it gives the customers a comfortable feeling to know that at the end of the month a bill will be rendered them for 
just exactly what they bought, at the price they bought it, no more and no less. 

Some of the leading articles carried by this popular grocery supply house are Gold Medal Coffee, Libby's 
Canned Meats, Rob Roy, Lotus and Ballard's Obelisk Flours, Heinze's Sweet and Sour Pickles, Preserves, Ketch- 
ups and Sauces. 

These are only a few things that are carried by this store, and are simply given here as an indication of the high 
class goods that are kept by this store in every department of the grocery business. Mr. Jones buys his fancy 
groceries from Austen, Nichols & Co., Francis H. Leggett, & Co., and R. C. Williams & Co., the best three whole- 
sale grocery firms in New York. Another thing that has often been commented on is the fact that Mr. Jones has at 
all times sufficient help to guarantee that every order given will be filled promptly, and from stock that is always 
fresh and calculated to afford his customers the highest degree of satisfaction. 

The telephone numbers of this store are 167 and 287. 


Residence of MR. J. P. BUNN 



Rocky Mount's Modern and Up-To-Date Laundry 


MR. J. H LEDBETTER. Manaaer 

No city in North Carolina can boast of a better equipped or better conducted 
laundry than Rocky Mount. The plant of the Pearl Steam Laundry, situated at 
128-132 Sunset Avenue is thoroughly modern in every respect. No expense has 
been spared within the past few years in equipping it with the most modern and 
latest improved machinery and general laundry equipment, until now there is no 
work in the laundry line that cannot be done at this plant satisfactorily and with 
the greatest possible dispatch. In addition, this laundry makes a specialty of ar- 
tistic hand-finishing, using every known device to preserve the goods from harm 
and to give them the finish sought for by the most particular. A competent and 
rapid delivery service being a necessary adjunct of every well conducted laundry, 
this department of the service receives special attention from the manager, Mr. 
Ledbetter, whose aim it is at all times to satisfy his customers to the last detail. 

It should be stated here that this laundry not only does an immense local bus- 
iness, but has a large and constantly increasing out-of-town patronage from the 
small towns tributary to Rocky Mount and from some considerably sized towns 
some distance away. 

The owners of this laundry are Ledbetter Bros., who purchased it from Mr. 
W. E. McLemore Sept. 1, 1908. Messrs. Ledbetter Bros, also conduct a large 
and modern Laundry (The Fayetteville Steam Laundry) at Fayetteville, N. C, and 
are both experienced and capable to a high degree, having had nearly twenty 
years experience in this business. 




The manager of the Rocky Mount plant is Mr. John H. Ledbetter, than whom there is not a more competent 
laundry operator and manager in North Carolina. Mr. Ledbetter came to Rocky Mount in Sept. 1908 on the pur- 
chase of the local plant by himself and his brother, to become its manager. Since taking charge, he has not only 
built up its patronage to a vast extent, but has seen to it that the laundry be equipped as stated above with the most 
modern laundry appliances and machinery until now it scarcely has a superior in this respect in the state. 

Mr. Ledbetter is a native of Fayetteville. He has had as stated above nearly twenty years experience in the 
laundry business. Prior to engaging in this business, he was for eight years connected with the A. C. L. R.R. Co., 
and the old Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley R. R. as engineer and in other capacities. For years, Mr. Ledbetter was 
prominent in North Carolina military affairs, being Sergeant in the Second North Carolina Infantry during the 
Spanish-American War. He first joined the Fayetteville military company as private in 1890, and by close applica- 
tion and a military turn, rose rapidly. On Aug. 23rd, 1899, he was commissioned by Governor Russell, Captain of 
the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry. July 29th, 1903, Governor Aycock commissioned Capt. Ledbetter 
Captain and Quartermaster of the First N. C. Infantry of the National Guard, and Jan. 7th, 1904, Capt. Ledbetter 
received a commission from the same source as Captain and Inspector of Small Arms Practice and Ordinance, a very 
responsible position in the First N. C. Infantry of the National Guard, which position he held for five years. As a 
military officer, Capt. Ledbetter was ever faithful and efficient making an excellent record. 

The Assistant Manager of the Pearl Steam Laundry is Mr. John E. Atkinson, a very capable laundry operator, 
who is also a native of Fayetteville. 



One of the Best Appointed and Most Widely Patronized Drug Stores in 

This Section of the State 

This well known drug store is one of the largest and is. 

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Interior View of Kyser's Drug Store 

perhaps, the best located drug store in Rocky Mount, 
"Kyser's Corner" being in the heart of the business 
and retail district of the city. For elegance in its ap- 
pointments and the thorough competence of its em- 
ployees, together with the great care that is always 
exercised in the compounding of prescriptions, this 
store is scarcely excelled anywhere. The proprietor 
and moving spirit of this business is Mr. Paul B. Kyser, 
one of the most expert and best known pharmacists in 
the State. Two other registered pharmacists are also 
interested in the company. Mr. Howell Kyser, son of 
Mr. P. B. Kyser, is actively engaged in the business, 
and Mrs. P. B. Kyser, who was the first lady pharma- 
cist to be registered by the State of North Carolina. 
Mr. P. B. Kyser came to Rocky Mount and estab- 
lished this business nearly twenty years ago, in 1892, 
and has, by uniform courtesy, unquestioned fair dealing 
and fine business judgment, built it up to its present 
large proportions and high standing in the drug circles 
of Eastern Carolina. This store carries, in addition to 
an extensive and complete line of drugs, a full line of 
toilet articles, candies and a thousand and one little 


things that go to make up a complete and modern drug store, and has, besides, one of the largest soda fountain 
trades in this city. Mr. P. B. Kyser is a native of Lexington, S. C, and was born in the year 1856. He has become 
known in Rocky Mount as a safe business man, one of the best drug men in the business, and a useful citizen, 
respected and esteemed by a wide circle of friends. He and Mrs. Kyser, who is a social favorite, have a very hand- 
some and commodious residence on Sunset Avenue, in one of the choicest residential sections of the city. 

Mr. Vernon Kyser, who has charge of the soda fountain, is one of the most popular young men in the city, and 
his uniform politeness and courtesy are largely responsible for the store's big fountain trade. No young man in 
Rocky Mount has a brighter future in the drug business. 

Residence of MR. E. H. CREWS 

Residence of MR. P. B. KYSER 



A Leading Wood And Coal Dealer. 

Prior to January, 1911, Rocky Mount was for a long time without competition in the coal business, one concern 
handling all the trade. That month saw the establishment of the wood and coal concern owned by Mr. Hamner W. 
Winstead, the subject of this sketch. Mr. Winstead has a large wood and coal yard on the West side of the Wilming- 
ton & Weldon Railroad, near the tobacco warehouses. Here he keeps a large supply of both wood and coal for the 
city trade. He will make a specialty of putting in supplies of wood and ccal for the citizens of this 
city during the summer months, when both articles can be furnished them much cheaper than during 
the fall and winter. Mr. Winstead's phone number is 183, and a call to that number will bring a quick response to 
whatever the desire of the customer may be, whether coal or wood, either pine or oak, dry or green. In the wood 
business, Mr. Winstead has the advantage of having on his mother's farm, a few miles from the city, an immense 
supply of wood ready for the market, that will last for some time to come. On this account, he is in a position to 
give his customers the advantage of the best prices to be had. 

Mr. Hamner Williams Winstead is a native son of Nash County, and a descendant of one of its oldest and most 
prominent families. Mr. Winstead's father was Mr. William Robert Winstead of Nash, and his grandfather was 
David Williams Winstead, during his day one of the largest slave owners, most prominent planters and most influential 
citizens of the County. He was for many years a county official in various capacities. 

Mr. Hamner W. Winstead was born on the Winstead Plantation, three miles west of Rocky Mount, February 
17, 1883. He was educated in the schools of Nash County, and at the Southern Industrial College at Camp Hill, 
Ala. Returning from college, he took charge of his mother's farm, his father having died some years before, and 
managed it for her until his coming to Rocky Mount in January, 1911, as stated in the foregoing. Mr. Winstead, 
besides being a business man of fine standing and excellent ability, is one of the most popular of the younger men of 
the city, possessing many engaging traits of character that have won for him a large circle of friends. These facts 
coupled with his systematic devotion to business and his honorable and upright life, are an assurance of his large 
success henceforth. 


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A Home Enterprise, Managed By Home People, That Has Been And Is 

Eminently Successful. 

The Planters Cotton Seed Oil Company is as essentially a Rocky Mount home industry as any concern in the 
city, all the stockholders and managers being citizens of this community, the most progressive of our farmers 
and' business men. This plant was organized in 1904, and in the face of the strongest competition has made good in 
a large sense, and besides being profitable to the stockholders, is of real and substantial value to the city, and com- 



rnunity, creating as it has, a strong market for the products it buys. The manufacturing plant is weil-iocated on the 
Edgecombe side of Rocky Mount, and is thoroughly equipped with the most improved and up to date machinery. 
Using the cotton seed of the farmers, it manufactures besides the oil, a high grade meal that has proven most satis^ 
factory for stockfeeding purposes, and also a grade of fertilizer, than which there is no better on the market. The 
fertilizer manufactory is conducted in connection with the oil mill, and the high-class fertilizer they are turning 
out, peculiarly adapted as it is to the needs of our lands, is becoming more and more popular as our farmers become 
more familiar with it. 

The President and General Manager of this company is Hon. E. L. Daughtridge, one of Rocky Mount's most 
prominent and most popular citizens. Mr. Daughtridge comes of a distinguished Edgecombe county family, has 
represented Edgecombe twice in the legislature with pronounced ability, and is one of the city's safest and most level- 
headed business men, 


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Secretary and Manager of Rocky Mount Sash & Blind Company and One of the 

City's Ablest Business Men 

As a continuation of the story begun on page 78, of the Rocky Mount Sash & 
Blind Company, one of Rocky Mount's most important manufacturing institutions, 
it is desirable to set forth something of the company's good fortune in the selection 
of the man whose strong hand is directing it in the distinctly successful path it is 
now travelling. The company secured Mr. J. C. Wynne, the Secretary and 
Manager, something over two years ago, offering him sufficient inducement to give 
up his large private interests and devote his splendid ability and sound judgment 
to the management of this concern. Results have shown that this was an exceed- 
ingly wise step, for Mr. Wynne's natural capacity for controlling men, and his 
thorough knowledge of every detail of the business, have resulted in a large in- 
crease in business done and increased profits in every department. 

Mr. Wynne is a native of Pitt county, born in 1860. Prior to his purchase of 
stock in this business, and his acceptance of the position of Secretary and Manager, 
he was engaged practically all his life, and very successfully, in the contracting and 
real estate businesses, his fine judgment, backed up with his ability to put through 
big deals, resulting in his accumulating a very comfortable share of this world's 
goods. Today he is a large holder of valuable Rocky Mount real estate, in addi- 
tion to his stock in this company and his interest in other things. He has been a 
resident of Rocky Mount since May, 1895, and has been thoroughly identified and 
potent in all the movements that have made it the city it is today. Besides com- 
mr. j. c. wynne. Managw manding the implicit confidence of the business circles of the city in his personal 

integrity and high sense of honor, Mr. Wynne has well earned the place he now occupies in the public esteem as 
one of the wisest and most forceful business and industrial captains in this section of the State. 



The Leading Establishment Of Its Kind In This Part Of The State. One Of The Show Places Of Rocky Mount. 
The Store That Employs Only Graduate Experts In Each Department. 

For nearly a quarter of a century, a large pro- 
portion of the people of Rocky Mount and a wide 
surrounding territory, have been buying their 
jewelry, cut glass, watches, etc. at Parker's Jewelry 
Store. This does not mean however that there is 
anything old (except the name) or antiquated about 
this store. On the contrary, this is one of the 
concerns that have caught the spirit of progress 
and modern hustle at every step, going continually 
in advance of the growth of the city, and anticipa- 
ting the needs of the business. At this time, this 
store would be credit to a city of fifty thousand 
people, both in the size and handsome equipment 
and furnishings, and in the quality and complete- 
ness of all the different lines which are to be found 
in the most modern and up to date stores in the 
larger cities, and which this store carries at all 
times. Here are represented a number of the 
leading jewelry and cut glass lines of the country, 
and the policy pursued of never carrying anything 
but the best, has been found to be abundantly jus- 
tified in the winning of the entire confidence of the 
people, and consequently, their patronage. 



Recently, this store moved into the large and commodious building at 121 Main Street, installing complete new fix- 
tures that are not excelled by any jewelry store in the state. The furnishings are all in plate glass, the most expen- 
sive mirrors and mahogany, which in truth render this store, as stated in the headlines, one of the show places of 
Rocky Mount. 

The proprietor of this store is Mr. George L. Parker, one of the most prominent business men and church men 
in the city, and one of the best-equipped and most competent jewelers in the business. Mr. Parker is the pioneer 
jeweler of Rocky Mount, coming here as he did over twenty years ago when Rocky Mount was yet a village and its 
present size, wealth and prosperity were not even dreamed of by any except a few. Mr. Parker immediately im- 
pressed the people as being the sort of progressive citizen, desirable to have, and his business prospered from the 
beginning. The people came to know that his word when given could be trusted, and it has alway been his scrupu- 
lous care that not a single article should go out from his store, that did not measure up in the fullest respect to what 
he represented it to be. There could be but one result to a business policy of this kind, and today, there is not a 
person in Rocky Mount, but would be willing to buy, with full confidence, on Mr. Parker's word. The importance 
of this in the jewelry business will be readily recognized. As a rule, the great majority of people who buy jewelry, 
must depend upon the good faith and reputation of their dealer as to its quality, for the average customer knows 
about as little about judging jewelry as anything that could be imagined. On account of this fact, and the fact that in 
all the years of his business Mr. Parker has never allowed an article to be misrepresented in even the slightest de- 
gree, the wide popularity of his store among the people of Rocky Mount and this section is not to be wondered at. 
About sixteen years ago, Mr. Parker was appointed Watch Inspector for the A. C. L. R. R. Co., which position he 
still holds. 

As was stated in the begining, Mr. Parker is not only the leading jeweler, but is one of the most capable business 
men and useful citizens of the city. He is especially active in church work,, being one of the most prominent mem- 
bers of the First Baptist Church, and for a long time, teacher of the Baraca Class of the First Baptist Sunday School. 
He is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Rocky Mount Graded Schools, and a strong advocate of everything 
that tends to advancing their interests. He is President and a large stockholder in The Rocky Mount Publishing 
Co., Printers, and Publishers of The Daily Record, and is an active and prominent member of the Masonic and 
Pythian fraternities. 

Mr. Parker was married in 1889 to Miss Laura Herbert, of Kinston. They have five children, George L. Jr., 
Walter Herbert, Irene, Laura Alice and Jesse Van. 

One of the rules that have always been in force at Parker's Jewelry Store, that have (ended to confirm the con- 


fidence of the people and to satisfy the customers in every particular, is that none but expert and competent em- 
ployees shall be connected with the business. For instance, at this time, as heretofore, every employee is a graduate 
in his line of one of the most famous jewelry and watchmaking schools in the country. This policy is an absolute 
guarantee that the quality of work turned out in the watchmaking, engraving and repair departments is only of the 

Mr. James Madison Fox, who has been with Mr. Parker nearly seven years, is a graduate of Bowman's Tech- 
nical School of Lancaster Pa., and is one of the most expert craftsman in the State. Mr. Fox is a native of Phila- 
delphia, Pa., and was born Oct. 19, 1876, coming to Rocky Mount to accept his present position in 1904. Mr. Fox 
was married in 1906 to Miss Mary Ella Kelly, of Goldsboro, N. C. 

Mr. George Lee Parker, Jr., who has charge of the engraving department, is admitted to be one of the most 
expert engravers in this part of the state, turning out work that is a thing of beauty and of immense satisfaction to 
the patrons of the store. Mr. Parker is a son of Mr. George L. Parker, the proprietor of the store, and was born in 
Rocky Mount July 16, 1890. He was educated in the schools of Rocky Mount, and is a graduate of the Lancaster 
(Pa.) Bowman's Technical School of watchmaking and engraving. Besides being thoroughly conversant with the 
best methods of his business he is one of the most popular and useful young men in Rocky Mount. He is quiet and 
unassuming, and attends strictly to business and his other duties. His window dressing at the store has been widely 
commented on for artistic taste and beauty of arrangement. He makes it a point to see that the show windows of 
the store shall always be such as to arrest attention, and fitly represent the high rank of the store. Mr. Parker is a 
faithful member of the First Baptist Church of Rocky Mount, and is Secretary of its Sunday School. 

Mr. Ellis Spencer Hamrick, the head watchmaker at this store, is also a graduate of the famous school at Lan- 
caster, Pa., and is capably and satisfactorily filling the position he occupies with this well-known establishment. 
Mr. Hamrick is a native of Braxton County, W. Va. and was born July 19, 1889. He came to Rocky Mount to ac- 
cept the position with Mr. Parker Nov. 28, 1910. 



Proprietor of Largest Supply Business in State. Farms on Immense Scale. 

Interested in Many Enterprises. 


The general supply business conducted by Mr. M. C. Braswell at Battleboro 
is one of the largest, if not the largest, in volume of business transacted, in Car- 
olina. The business was until a few years ago conducted under the firm name 
of T. P. Braswell & Son, being composed of two partners, the late loved and 
lamented father of the present proprietor being the senior member. However, 
at that time Mr. M. C. Braswell was the active manager of the business. At the 
death of the senior member, the business passed under the sole proprietorship 
of the latter and he has continued to conduct it in the same capable manner. 
The volume of business done annually will amount to a quarter million dollars. 
As a supply house, it ranks second to none in Eastern North Carolina, and is 
one of the largest retail dealers in fertilizers in the State, selling more than 3500 
tons annually. 

No man in this section of the State is held in higher esteem than Mr. M. C. 
Braswell. He has not made his worldly goods by grinding down his fellow 
man, but by dint of hard, persistent work, combined with a mind that is acutely 
fitted to handle business problems. In fact, Mr. Braswell has been successful 
in practically all that he has undertaken, and has not only accumulated wealth, 
but his lines of endeavor have always been broad gauged, and he has been ready 
and willing to join in any enterprise than would help build larger or better the 
community in which he has lived. Though living in Battleboro eight miles 
from Rocky Mount, he owns considerable property in the latter city, is a direc- 


tor in a large number of business institutions in this city and a stockholder in practically every corporation gotten up 
for the advancement of the city. Mr. Braswell is also a large planter. He is one of the largest land owners in Nash 
and Edgecombe counties and plants cotton, tobacco and peanuts on a a large scale. 

Mr. Braswell has two brothers living in Rocky Mount, Mr. J. C. Braswell, president of The Planters Bank and 
Dr. M. R. Braswell, both of whom have been mentioned in several places in this book, as they also have been identi- 
fied in a very large measure with the wonderful development and growth of Rocky Mount. In fact, the three brothers 
have been of incalculable benefit to this section of the State. They have what is seldom found combined, the means, 
the ability and the inclination for progress and by bringing these combined elements into operation it can be said 
without question that they have exerted by far the largest influence in the growth of Rocky Mount of any one family. 

Mr. M. C. Braswell was married in 1894 to Miss Alice Bryant, a charming and cultured woman, and a member 
of one of the most highly respected families in the county. They live in truly a palatial home, a picture of which is 
shown in these pages. They have 4 children. 





This institution is the most popu- 
lar social organization in the city. 
It has handsome club rooms on 
Main Street, and its membership 
is composed of our leading citizens. 
It is purely a social club for busi- 
ness men, and is conducted on a 
high plane — no drinking or gamb- 
ling at all being permitted. It has 
been in existence nine years, is 
on a firm foundation, and is a 
credit to the city. 


MR. D. J. ROSE, 
are not excelled anywhere for the 


One of North Carolina's Largest and Best-Known 

Contractors. Business Extends From Delaware 

to Florida. Possesses Invaluable Reputation 

for Reliability and Efficiency 

In all the States bordering on the South Atlantic Coast, in which he operates, 
it would be impossible to find a contractor with a better or safer reputation for 
dependability, thorough efficiency and fidelity than Mr. D. J. Rose, of Rocky 
Mount. This reputation is well earned, too, and has been built up by years of 
thorough application, hard and conscientious work, and the utmost care of the 
interests of those who have employed him. The work Mr. Rose has done has 
been on a large scale, many contracts running into the hundreds of thousands of 
dollars before completion. It's true, also, that Mr. Rose has done a multitude of 
the less costly but hardly less important work, such as the building of churches 
and residences, many of the handsomest in the Southeastern States having been 
built under his direction. At present he is building in one of the North Carolina 
cities, a residence for a prominent railroad official, the cost of which will run to 
approximately $25,000.00. Here in Rocky Mount there stand as monuments to 
his masterful skill as a builder and contractor, among others, the following, which 
purpose for which they were built, to-wit: The Hotel Ricks, the new Shore 


Building, the Masonic Temple, The Bank of Rocky Mount, the Five Points Drug Store, store of W. D. & C. A. 
Cochran, the new Methodist and Presbyterian Churches, parts of The Rocky Mount Mills, The Planters Cotton 
Seed Oil Company's factory, the Railroad Y. M. C. A., Rocky Mount's New Passenger Station, and various others. 

But by far the most of Mr. Rose's work has been done on the larger constructing plane. For several years he 
has been employed in a large number of important contracts for the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company and other 
mammoth industrial concerns in the South and elsewhere. The great Railroad Shops, at South Rocky Mount, the 
second largest in the South, together with the storage and office buildings, etc., (costing upwards of $150,000.00), 
were all constructed by Mr. Rose with the exception of two of the first buildings. Among some of his larger con- 
tracts might be mentioned the great Morris Fertilizer Factory, which cost approximately $200,000, which Mr. Rose 
built in Atlanta for the Morris Packing Company, of Chicago; all the -buildings in connection with the mines of the 
Florida Phosphate Mining Co., at Bartow, Florida, which cost upwards of $300,000.00; the big factory of the Dutton 
Phosphate Co., at Jacksonville, Florida; factories for the great Southern fertilizer company, theF. S. Royster Guano 
Co., of Norfolk, which factories cost something like $750,000.00, and which Mr. Rose built for this great concern at 
Portsmouth, Va., Tarboro, N. C, Spartanburg, S. C, Columbus, Ga., Macon, Ga., Montgomery, Ala., and Balti- 
more, Md.. the factory at Baltimore being the largest in the South, and alone cost, complete, about $400,000.00; and 
scores of others of equal magnitude all over the Southeastern States. 

Mr. Rose is widely known as not only a man who completes his contracts, large or small, to the very letter, but 
a big, broad man, who is not satisfied until his patrons have received absolute satisfaction to the last detail. The 
regard in which he is held by a number of the largest corporations in the South, and indeed all over the country, 
who award him contracts year after year, is ample proof that he not only knows his business, and has the necessary 
financial and industrial generalship to carry out satisfactorily the largest contracts, but is the sort of man who carries 
his conscience into his business, and who makes every yard of his work, honest work, good for not only the present 
but for the future. It has become so that the only bond required of Mr. Rose is the reputation he has won by his 
years of hard work and uniformly honest and honorable business. 

Here in Rocky Mount no citizen is more highly respected or influential. Mr. Rose's life since he came to what 
was then the village of Rocky Mount, in 1892, has been such as to win for him not only the high respect but the 
warm regard of all his fellow-citizens. For several terms he served as a member of the Board of Aldermen, dis- 
charging his duties in that responsible position with the utmost fidelity and usefulness to the city. He is at present 
a Director in the Bank of Rocky Mount, President of the Rocky Mount Brick Co., and is interested in other con- 
cerns of worth- and importance. 


Mr. Rose is a native of Johnston County, this State, and was born Nov. 27th, 1861. His parents moved to 
Wayne County when he was seven years of age, and there he was reared on the farm. In 1888, after having 
received a good academical education, Mr. Rose embarked in the business of a carpenter and builder on a small scale, 
gradually building and branching out, and entering the contracting field on his removal to Rocky Mount in 1892. At 
different times Mr. Rose has had associated with him in his contracting business Messrs. W. J. Stephenson and S. S. 
Toler. At present he is the sole member of his firm. 

It is well known, by those familiar with the subject, that the business of successful contracting and building is 
one that requires a high order of business ability and a sound, level judgment to avoid the pitfalls that encompass it. 
It is no small tribute to Mr. Rose's capacity that he has not only conducted his business always with consistent good 
faith toward all concerned, but that he has been largely successful financially, and is now one of the strong men of 
the city, speaking in a financial sense. He has been equal to every emergency that has arisen in his wide-spread 
field of large and responsible work, and the impression one gains of him at first, as being a man of force and of calm 
and safe judgment, is one that is amply corroborated by his record. His offices in this city are located on Rose 
Street, (wtvch street was named for him), and he has a beautiful and commodious residence on Lexington Street. 

Mr. Rose has been twice married, the first time to Miss Anna Woodall, of Smithfield, in 1892, and the second 
time to Miss Vera Benton, also of Smithfield, in 1900: 



Attorney At Law, One of The Editors of This Work, 

and First Vice-President of The Rocky Mount 

Chamber of Commerce 



Mr. Frank Armfield Hampton, one of the prominent younger members of the 
Rocky Mount Bar, was born March 9, 1884, at Hamptonville, Yadkin County, N. 
C, which has been the home of his ancestors for nearly a century and a half. 
His great-grandfather, Henry Hampton, a brother of the first General Wade 
Hampton, founded the town of Hamptonville long before the Revolutionary War, 
and at that time owned a vast area of the country around. 

Mr. Frank A. Hampton is the second son, and the eldest one living, of Col. 
John A. Hampton, a gallant Confederate commander, who has been for fortv 
years a leader of the Bar and of Democracy and decency in the rock-ribbed 
Republican county of Yadk.n, being the only straight Democrat who has carried 
that county on a legislative ticket since the Civil War. Mr. Hampton's grand- 
father, on his mother's side, was the celebrated Baptist pioneer in Western North 
Carolina, Rev. William Green Brown, and three of his uncles were distinguished 
Baptist ministers, one of them being Rev. Dr. S. M. Brown, editor and founder of 
the Baptist organ of Missouri and Kansas, (The Word and Way), and pastor of the 
Michigan Avenue Baptist Church of Kansas City. 

Mr. Frank A. Hampton was educated in the public schools of Yadkin county, 
and at Yadkinville Normal School, the principal of which is the well-known and 


beloved Zeno H. Dixon, brother of Senator Dixon, of Montana. Mr. Hampton taught in the public schools of his 
county at different times for four years, beginning at sixteen years of age. In April, 1903, he went to Kansas City, 
Mo., remaining there some time in newspaper work, holding a position on the staff of the Kansas City World, (now 
the Kansas City Post), and reading law at odd times. Returning to North Carolina, he accepted a position on the 
editorial staff of The Charlotte Daily News. He read law under the late Chief Justice, David M. Furches, and Geo. 
B. Nicholson, Esq., at Statesville, N. C, reviewing the course in 1909 under Thaddeus A. Adams, Esq., at Char- 
lotte. He stood the examination before the Supreme Court of North Carolina and was admitted to the Bar in 
August, 1909, and in October following, came to Rocky Mount to permanently locate for the practice of his profession. 

Since his early boyhood, Mr. Hampton has been an active worker for the Democratic party, holding by inheri- 
tance and by deep conviction, a strong faith in the efficacy of Democratic principles for all the ills and problems of 
government. At the age of sixteen he was one of the active organizers of White Supremacy Clubs in Yadkin County, 
being Secretary of two of them, and being an active participant in the pivotal campaign of 1900, in which the people 
of the west rose in their might and assisted the east in ratifying the Constitutional Amendment, eliminating ignorant 
negro suffrage. 

Mr. Hampton's life since coming to Rocky Mount has been one of clean and energetic effort. As a lawyer, 
he is building up a practice that is very promising, due to his ability, close application, untiring industry and fidelity 
to the interests of his clients. Possessing by inheritance a great love and respect for the great principles and high 
traditions of his profession, he ever proceeds on the correct idea that a member of the legal profession is, ex officio, a 
public servant, carrying grave responsibilities under our scheme of government and under the system of Juris- 
prudence that has been handed down to us by our English forefathers. 

In addition to his professional work, to which he is devoted, Mr. Hampton is the Editor of The Twin County Echo, 
one of the leading weekly newspapers in this part of the State, and is First Vice-President and a member of the 
Board of Directors of the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce, of which organization, in its present form, he was 
one of the promoters and charter members. 

Mr. Hampton was married December 23rd, 1906, to Miss Luola Moore, of Fayetteville, N. C, a member of 
one of the oldest and most prominent families of that city, who has been behind her, generations of refinement and 
culture. From this marriage have been born two children, both girls, now one and three years old respectively. 

Mr. Hampton is a member of the First Baptist Church of this city, while Mrs. Hampton is a member of the 
First Presbyterian. 



I .... $ 

w Was Printed in Its Entirety, Including The Cover, Q 



Job Printing Office 





An Institution That Is Performing A Notable Work In The Building Of The 

City. It's Successful History. 

In the modern industrial life and growth of a city, there is probably no agency that performs a greater work 
than the well-conducted building and loan associations, cultivating as they do, habits of saving among the people, and 
giving people of small incomes an opportunity to own their own homes and become independent. They also furn- 
ish one of the best means for the accumulation and investment of savings, 

The Citizens Building & Loan Association of Rocky Mount, furnishes an excellent example of institutions of 
this character. It is only four years old, and therefore has not had opportunity to mature shares as yet, but has 
already accomplished a vast deal towards creating home-owners out of folks who ordinarily would find it very diffi- 
cult to ever accumulate sufficient to live under their "own vine and fig tree". Approximately 1700 shares of stock 
are now in force, which is a very satisfactory record indeed for the first four years of growth, and as the association 
is becoming more and more popular as the opportunity it furnishes is becoming better understood, the number of 
shares is rapidly increasing. The association has already built about thirty homes and has assisted in the building of 
quite a number of others. This work cannot be too highly commended, for a city of home-owners is the ideal state 
to which every city aspires. 

The future of The Citizens Building & Loan Association, and the largest possible benefits for its shareholders, 
are absolutely guaranteed by the personnel of the oFficials and the board of directors. One need only glance at the 
list of officers and directors to recognize that it is composed of men who, largely successful in their own private busi- 
nesses, and leaders in every sphere of the growth of the city, are men in whose keeping any reasonable business or 
institution that could be conceived, would be bound to prosper. The officers and directors, all of whom serve en- 
tirely without pay (with the exception of the Secretary & Treasurer, who receives only a nominal salary covering his 
actual expenses) are as follows: 

President, J. C. Braswell (President The Planters Bank.) Vice-President G. G. Levy (Head of G. G. Levy & 
Co.) Secretary & Treasurer, W. S. Wilkinson (of Wilkinson Bulluck & Co.) Attorneys, J. P. Bunn and J. B. 


Ramsey (President First National Bank.) Directors: G. G. Levy, T. C. Gorham, Dr. M. R. Braswell, R. S. Gor- 
ham, E. J. Gordon, Geo. S. Edwards, C. L. Gay, T. L. Worsley, W. A. Bulluck, I. W. Rose, J. C. Braswell. 

This association was organized in May 1907. It has never lost a penny, and under its system of administration, 
cannot lose a penny in the very nature of the case. Before any loan is made, as is well known, the proposed loan 
is subjected to the closest scrutiny by the directors, is passed upon by the officers and attorneys, and the chain of 
title traced back to a point that absolutely guarantees it to be without a flaw. No admission fee is charged the share- 
holders, and while every safeguard is thrown around their investment, every effort is also exerted to keep every dollar 
at work and earn for them the highest possible returns. The association extends a warm invitation to every citizen 
within its territory to become a shareholder, as it is entirely a mutual concern with no private profit, the shareholders 
getting every cent of the profits above the necessary expenses which are reduced to a minimum in every respect. 
The association operates only within Rocky Mount and the Rocky Mount Road District, thus enabling the directors 
to have every investment under their direct inspection and supervision at all times. 




Rocky Mount's Artistic And Modern Photographer. 

The pictures in this book were made by Mr. Harry Dempt, one of the best and 
most up-to-date photographers in the state. Mr. Dempt is the proprietor and 
manager of "The Studio", on Main Street, which has become noted in Eastern 
North Carolina for work that represents the best and most skillful in modern 
photography. Besides his photographic work, Mr. Demp has recently installed a 
splendidly equipped department for kodak finishing for his city and out-of-town 
kodak patronage, and with his modern and complete equipment is enabled to turn out 
this class of work within the shortest possible time. He also has a department for 
enlarging pictures, and does high-class portrait work in water-color, sepia, crayon 
and pastel. One of his specialties is the better class of commercial work, such as 
photographing buildings, interiors, groups and the like. Mr. Dempt's portrait 
work is the last word in art and perfect likeness making. His studio is equipped 
with all the modern and expensive adjuncts necessary for the highest class of 
work, and his experience and excellent training admirably fit him for his duties. 
He is constantly adding new appliances and equipment, and striving to keep 
thoroughly abreast with the most modern ideas and knowledge in the art of photo- 

Mr. Dempt was born in Philadelphia, Nov. 17, 1880, and studied photography 
and portrait-making under the celebrated Louis Blaul of that city, and also under 
Chilman, the great artist of "The City of Brotherly Love." For several years 
pricr to his coming to Rocky Mount, he was engaged in work in the studio of the 
famous Blaul, rising before his departure to the highest position there. He came 


to Rocky Mount in Sept. 1906, having definitely decided to make Rocky Mount his permanent home. His success 
here in his chosen life-work has been very gratifying, not only to himself but to a wide circle of friends he has won 
by his blameless and useful life since coming to the city. 

Mr. Dempt is an active member of the First Presbyterian Church of Rocky Mount, and is Secretary & Treasurer 
of the Presbyterian Sunday School. 

His assistant in "The Studio," is Miss Elizabeth Kaylor, a gifted and popular young lady, who has within the 
few years she has been engaged in the work, become herself very proficient in the photographic art. Miss Kaylor 
is a native of Morganton N. C. 



President and General Manager of the C. C. Cooper 

Tobacco Co., Operators of the Old Reliable 

Coopers Warehouse, and a Pioneer of the 

Rocky Mount Tobacco Market. A Man 

of Forceful Personality and High 



It is a pleasant task that the writer has before him in giving a description 
of a tobacco warehouse business that lacks only a few years of being as old as the 
Rocky Mount Tobacco Market itself, for truly he believes that no words of praise 
of the business itself, or of the personality behind it, can be too fulsome. The 
business referred to is the C. C. Cooper Tobacco Company, and the personality is 
Mr. C. C. Cooper, the President and founder of the concern. 

Mr. Cooper is a pioneer of the local market, having become a tobacconist in 
1890, the first year of the market. Having gained a thorough knowledge of the 
warehouse business he opened a warehouse of his own in the year 1894, the 
warehouse being the one of which he is at present the head, and of which he has 
been the head since he first began to conduct a warehouse business. The first 
year he operated a warehouse he sold more pounds of tobacco than any other 
warehouseman, and he has done so every year since, including last year. He has 


always claimed that he not only led the market in number of pounds sold, but that tobacco has sold for more money 
on his floor than on any other. It would seem that these statements should be related, that there would have to 
be some good reason why he sold more tobacco than any of his competitors, and it would seem a very reasonable 
cause would be that he led in prices as well as pounds. Mr. Cooper is distinctly a Nash County product, not only 
claiming Nash County as his native heath, but tracing his ancestors for several generations back to Nash County 
soil. He was born at the old Cooper homestead in Griffin's Township, the home being more than two hundred 
years old, put together with wooden pegs, nails not having then been invented. Mr. Cooper's father was 
honored by Nash County as are few citizens in any county. He was Sheriff for about twenty years, and when he 
became too old to fulfill the exacting duties of that office he was further honored by being elected Treasurer, which 
office he filled for several years. Mr. C. C. Cooper came of good stock, and anyone who comes in contact with his 
strong personality recognizes this fact without having to be so informed. He is a strong man physically and men- 
tally. His vision of life is broad. He not only gives evidence of loving to live an active, virile life himself, but he 
has proven that he likes to see those around him prosper and enjoy living, by having given untold hundreds assist- 
ance at times when they most needed encouragement, not only by words but material help. He has thus made 
strong friends who have stuck to him in his business for years, and will continue to do so as long as Charlie Cooper 
remains in the warehouse business, for the average man values a true friend, and not one can accuse Charlie Cooper 
of not sticking loyally to his friends. 

One strong evidence, of Mr. Cooper's fairness and kind treatment to his fellow man is proven by the way his 
employes stick to him. There is strong testimony of his sense of fairness in the fact that every one of his present 
clerical and managerial force have been with him continually ever since they first accepted positions with him. 

This force consists of Mr. O. B. Harris, Bookkeeper, who is one of the best in the business and whose pleasure 
it is to see that every sale and account is accurately recorded; Mr. Geo. W. Smithson, Jr., Floor Manager, who is 
an ideal and competent man for that responsible position; Mr. J. Dorsey Nelms, Auctioneer, who can cry tobacco to 
the top notch, and Mr. L. C. Morris, an able tobacconist who is Assistant Manager of the company. It is safe to say 
that no man in the tobacco business in Eastern Carolina has more competent or more loyal assistants than has Mr. 
Cooper in the above named force. 

All in all, the Cooper Warehouse scintillates the personality of the founder of the business, who will not have an 
incompetent employee or one who will not treat each and every customer with every courtesy and consideration. 
Mr. Cooper recognizes that it takes a competent supervision of sales to see that every customer's tobacco brings the 


very lop market price at the time the tobacco is sold and also that men who have sense to do this, have sense 
enough to know how to make it pleasant for the customers. 

Mr. Charles C. Cooper was born, as stated in the foregoing near Hilliardston on the old Cooper homestead, 
and the date of his birth was Feb. 9, 1866. His mother was a Battle of the family of that name prominent in Nash 
county for a hundred and fifty years and more. Mr. Cooper's maternal great-great-grandfather was Mr. Lawrence 
Battle who came to Nash county direct from England, and settled on Swift Creek prior to 1750, where the old home- 
stead now stands. The name Lawrence is a marked family name, Mr. C. C. Cooper's uncle, Mr. Lawrence Battle 
who lives near Gold Rock, now bearing it. Mr. Cooper's early boyhood was spent on his father's farm (which has 
been in the family for over a hundred and fifty years and which is now owned by Mr. Cooper's brother) and at the 
age of twenty, he went to Henderson, N. C. where he worked in the tobacco warehouse business two years with 
Mr. D. Y. Cooper, there gaining his first experience in the business in which he has since become so powerful and 
influential. He came to Rocky Mount in 1890, serving first as bookkeeper, and then successively in almost every 
position in the warehouse business, gaining experience which has been invaluable to him in his subsequent career. 




MR. W. T. ROSE. 

W. T. ROSE & SON. 

Rocky Mount's Leading Manufacturers of Bug- 
gies, Carrriages, Wagons, And Vehicles 
Of All Kinds. 

This concern has, within the past few years, 
become one of the leading businesses of its kind 
in this part of the State. Besides manufacturing 
all kinds of high grade vehicles, such as buggies, 
carriages, wagons, etc., they have one of the 
most complete and best equipped repair depart- 
ments to be found anywhere in this section, and 
also carry a full line of harness, buggy, wagon 
and carriage accessories, conducting a large 
retail store for this department of the business. 
Their repair department is equipped with all the 
latest processes, including the method of cold 
shrinkage of tires and other new processes 
recently introduced. The business is located on 
Tarboro and Washington Streets, reaching from 
one street to the other. Plans have been pre- 
pared and about June 1st they will begin the 
erection of a new, four-story, modern brick 
factory for the manufacture of their well-known 
line of vehicles. This factory will be thoroughly 
fitted up with all necessary machinery and ap- 



pliances, and will contain approximately eleven thousand square feet of floor space. It will be located on Tarboro 
Street, adjoining the present buildings. 

This firm is composed of Mr. W. T. Rose and his son, Mr. Howard L. Rose. Mr. W. T. Rose was born 
December 31, 1863 in Edgecombe County, near Battleboro, and was married October 10, 1888, to Miss Fannie 
Farmer, of the prominent Wilson County family of that name. He has been engaged in his present line of business 
practically all his life, since he left the farm at seventeen years of age, and is one of the best informed and most 
competent buggy manufacturers in the State. Mr. Howard L. Rose, the junior member of the firm, was born in 
Wilson, N. C, July 13, 1889, was educated in the schools of Rocky Mount, and received a business education at a 
noted business college of Richmond, Va. Having been identified with his father's business practically all his life, 
young Mr. Rose possesses, even now, a thorough and intricate knowledge of the business, and is entirely conver- 
sant with every process used in the different departments. He became a partner in the business on January 1, 191 1, 
and his good ability and progressive spirit promise to be of great value in the enlargement of the scope of the 
concern, and of the business field, which is now in progress. 

The manufacturing department of this business was founded in 1900 by Mr. W. T. Rose, who for five or six 
years prior thereto had been conducting a general repair business. The growth of the manufacturing end has been 
rapid and substantial, each year adding to the fine reputation of the vehicles turned out by this concern. It is not 
too much to say that probably no business in Rocky Mount has a brighter or more promising future than the firm of 
W. T. Rose & Son, and on the completion of their new factory, which will be within a few months, and the conse- 
quent enlargement of facilities incident thereto, the extension of their business over Eastern North Carolina and 
adjoining states will be a natural result. The usefulness of such an institution in the building of a greater Rocky 
Mount will be readily recognized. 





An Excellently Managed and Distinctly Successful 
Manufacturing Institution of Battleboro 

MR. J. P. BUNN, Manager. 

In the summer of nineteen hundred and two, several prominent planters of 
the Battleboro section, appreciating the need of a ginnery, oil mill and fertilizer 
factory, met together, and after securing the consent of Mr. M. C. Braswell to 
become its manager, there was organized the Battleboro Oil Company. The 
company was incorporated for twenty-five thousand dollars, and the strck issued 
in fifty dollar shares, and every cent of it was paid in in cash. At the first meeting 
Mr. M. C. Braswell was named as president, with Messrs. J. B. Phillips, H. B. 
Bryan and C. F. Ellen as directors, and though nearly ten years has elapsed since 
this first meeting, the wisdom of the first selection was shown in that there has 
never an officer been changed. 

October of the year of organization found the new oil mill in operation, with 
what is known as a System ginnery and oil mill combined. That season, though 
an infant industry in Battleboro, there were fifteen hundred bales of cotton ginned 
and over two thousand tons of cotton seed crushed. At the present time, or nine 
years later, finds this company enjoying a large and growing business, despite 
materially increased competition, and for the season just closed three thousand 
bales of cotton have been ginned and over six thousand tons of cotton seed crushed 
— in other words, the Battleboro Oil Company has a modern and up-to-date 
ginnery and a forty-ton mill, complete. 


Throughout the nine years of phenominal growth, Mr. M. G. Braswell, as general manager, has beeri actively 
connected at all times with this firm, and his guiding hand and wise council has contributed in a large measure to 
the company's growth. Mr. J. P. Bunn is acting manager ai all times, and his taking care of the many details of 
the business has caused him to be numbered as one of the best in this section of the State, so far as mill manage- 
ment is concerned. 

While the success of this business has been a matter of pride to rrlariy who have Watched its growth, with this, 
as with many other enterprizes in which Mr. Braswell has been a directing force, almost unprecedented success has 
crowned his efforts. In the world of farming, manufacturing and finance, he is a moving p~Wer in affairs in Caro- 
lina, and especially in the Counties of Nash and Edgecombe. It will be noted with interest the number of success^ 
ful and representative firms that include in their directorate this farmer, merchant and manufacturer. 



Special Attorney for A. C. L. Railroad Company 

James Walter Keel, one of the younger members of the Rocky Mount Bar, 
and the subject of this -sketch, is a native of Pitt County, and was born Nov. 1, 
1875. Mr. Keel was reared on the farm. He attended the school of Prof. Z. 
D. McWhorter, at Eethel, N. C, and Wilkinson's Male Academy, at Tarboro, 
of which the principal was Mr. F. S. Wilkinson, one of the most noted educa- 
tors of this section. Leaving school, Mr. Keel engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness with his brother at Mt. Olive, N. C, remaining there two years. In 1901 
he entered the United States Mail Service, winning his position by competitive 
examination, and was assigned to duty in the office of the General Superintendent 
of the service in Washington, D. C. For eight years Mr. Keel remained in the 
government service in various branches, and in the meantime took up the study 
of law under private tutors. He went before the Supreme Court in August, 
1908, and was admitted to the Bar. Resigning from the mail service he located 
in Rocky Mount for the practice of his profession. By his excellent ability and 
diligence in his work, he had built up a lucrative practice, considering the short 
time he had been at the Bar, when in July, 1910, the Atlantic Coast Line Rail- 
road Company, recognizing his ability, appointed him Special Attorney for that 
railroad, in which capacity he is now serving, rendering the railroad valuable 
and satisfactory service. 



MR. Z. B. BULLUCK ^hacknevbras^ 


A Capable and Aggressive Young Business Man Who Has Made ?( 8( Notable 
Success. Proprietor and Operator of The Leading Meat Market 

of Rocky Mount 

One of the most marked successes achieved within the past decade by the younger business men of Rocky Mount 
is that of Mr. Zebulon B. Bulluck, the subject of this story. Mr. Bulluck entered the meat market business in this 
city just six years ago, in the summer of 1905. From a small beginning, he has grown until today he numbers his 
patrons by the hundreds among the most select circles of the city. This has been achieved principally by means of 
Mr. Bulluck's unusually good business ability reinforced by the facts that he is ever careful to treat every customer 
with the utmost consideration, and makes it a point to always handle the best and freshest meats on the market. 
The much sought after native meat is a specialty of his. He is also at this time a large buyer of hides and furs, and 
on account of the present large volume of business, carries several competent and courteous assistants. 

Mr. Bulluck's financial success has kept pace with the growth of his meat business. Within the past few years, 
he has been a considerable buyer of the best class of Rocky Mount real estate and today his holdings would doubtless 
reach upwards of Twenty Thousand Dollars. He is also a valued and influential stockholder in the First National 
Bank of Rocky Mount, the only national bank in the city. 

Mr. Bulluck comes of sturdy and prominent Edgecombe county stock. He was born in Edgecombe a few miles 
from Rocky Mount, April 9, 1884, and is therefore now only 27 years old which makes his large financial success 
all the more notable and surprising to have achieved so much at so early an age. Mr. Bulluck was married some 
years ago to Miss Foy Williams, an attractive and gifted lady whose home was at Maxton, N. C. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bulluck have a modern and beautiful residence at 230 Rose Street in one of the best residential sections of the city, 
where they dispense hospitality to their large and increasing circle of friends. 

In the business world of Rocky Mount and this part of the state, Mr. Bulluck, on account of the fine qualities he 


possesses and his marked business and financial success, has attained quite an 
enviable standing, and it is not too much to say that no man in Rocky Mount 
has a brighter future both in a business way, and in the way of being a useful 
citizen and contributing to the onward march of Rocky Mount. 

The telephone numbers of Mr. Bulluck's business place which is in the City 
Hall, are 51 and 395. 





One of Rocky Mount's Most Substantial And Highly 

Esteemed Citizens, And A Contractor And Builder 

of Wide And Well Established Reputation. 

Among the contractors and builders of Eastern Carolina, two whose reputation 
for capability and conscientious work is not excelled by any, are Messrs. D. J. 
Rose and S. S. Toler, the subject of this sketch, who for a number of years were 
associated in the business together. A sketch of Mr. Rose is given elsewhere in 
this book, and it is our pleasant task here to tell something of Mr. Toler. Messrs. 
Rose andToler recently dissolved copartnership, but each remains in the same line 
of business. It would be difficult to say anything good of one that is not deserved 
by the other also, for both are men whose large successes have been well earned, 
and whose names stand for the highest merit, and ability in the Southern contract- 
ing field. 

Mr. Toler is a native of Johnston County, N. C, and was born Feb. 26, 1869. 
He was reared on the farm and remained in his vocation of farming until he was 
22 years of age, when he accepted a position with Mr. Rose in the contracting and 
building business. So rapid was his development and so honest and capable his 
work, that in 1900, he became a partner in the firm. The wide success and mag- 
nificent record of this firm both in Rocky Mount and all over the South is too well 
known to need enlargement here. It suffices to say that they have built a repu- 
tation for successful and satisfactory handling of contracts from the largest to the 
small ones, that extends all the way from Deleware to Florida. Here in Rocky 

The business of the firm was so 

Mount, they have erected buildings of the best class too numerous to mention. 


large that a separate department had to be assigned to each member of the firm, Mr. Toler being usually the man in 
active charge of the construction. Among the buildings erected here of which he had charge, might be mentioned, 
the shops at South Rocky Mount, the Hales & Edwards building, the residence of Judge Taylor, the Masonic Tem- 
ple, the Bank of Rocky Mount building, the Shore Building, the store of W. D. & C. A. Cochran, the Ricks Hotel, 
the Cambridge Hotel, and numerous others that rank among the best in Eastern Carolina. Mr. Toler's construction 
work, as has been stated, has extended all over the southeastern states, including factories for the F. S. Royster 
Guano Co., the Dutton Phosphate Works for the Dutton Phosphate Co., at Jacksonville, Fla., and numbers of build- 
ings the completion of which called for the expenditure of money running into the hundreds of thousands. 

In every case, Mr. Toler has conclusively proven that he was equal to the situation, and knows how to satisfac- 
torily complete the largest contracts, and moreover, that he knows how to handle men. One thing that has been 
characteristic of his work and partly accounts for the high esteem in which he is held by the business firms and cor- 
porations for which he has worked, is the fact that he so constructs his buildings and other works, not only that they 
may be satisfactory now, but that in the future they may still plainer evidence that every foot of work put in them 
was honest work. It is not to be wondered at therefore, that Mr. Toler's services are in such great demand by 
interests large and small over several states. 

Here in Rocky Mount, Mr. Toler is known, as not only one of the best contractors in the business, but as a 
useful and influential citizen, and a man of the highest character, possessing the entire confidence of his business as- 
sociates, and of the whole city. Every year since his coming to Rocky Mount, in 1902, he has grown in the esteem 
of his fellow-citizens, as they have come to know him better. He has a handsome residence on Rose Street in one 
of the best residential sections of the city, where he and Mrs. Toler reside. Mrs. Toler was formerly Miss Carrie 
Stevens of Goldsboro, and was married to Mr. Toler thirteen years ago. They have two children. 

Financial success has followed business success with Mr. Toler, and he has won a very comfortable share of 
this world's goods. To those who know him and whom he has contracted with, his word is his bond, they could 
ask no better bond, as he has conclusively proven that he is able financially and in every other way, to carry out to 
the letter any contract he desires to accept. Those whom he consents to serve, may count themselves fortunate, 
for he is a man who not only fulfills his contracts in every respect, but carries with him a fixed determination to ren- 
der satisfaction in every particular to the end that the coming years may prove his work to be even better than at 
first appeared. 

Personally, Mr. Toler impresses one as a man of strong and forceful personality, and solid merits of character. 
This first impression is intensified by closer acquaintance, for his whole life proves the correctness of it. 



Attorney At Law, Judge Of the County Court Of Nash County And Ex- 
Mayor Of Rocky Mount. 


Judge Wm. Lewis Thorp, the subject of this sketch is a member of one of the 
oldest and most prominent Nash County families, which has been closely identified 
with and influential in county affairs for generations. Judge Thorp was born at 
the old Thorp place in Nash County, three miles from Rocky Mount, on October 
26,1848. He took his law course under the late Chief Justice Richmond M. 
Pearson, one of the most eminent Jurists and teachers of law that North Carolina 
has ever produced. Being duly admitted to the bar in 1870, on examination by 
the Supreme Court of North Carolina, Judge Thorp located in Rocky Mount for 
the practice of his profession. Soon thereafter, he purchased The Rocky Mount 
Mail, a newspaper, which he edited for four years. Ill health coming on, he 
thought it best to sell his newspaper, give up his practice temporarily, and move to 
a farm which he purchased at Hilliardston. Here he lived ten years, in a measure 
recovering his health, and then moved to Nashville, the county seat, in Jan. 1888, 
and resumed the practice of his profession. In the campaign of that year, Judge 
Thorp was Chairman of the Nash County Democratic Executive Committee, 
waging an aggressive campaign, and converting a considerable Republican majority 
in 1886 into a tremendous Democratic majority in 1888. In 1889, he moved his 
law office back to Rocky Mount for permanent location. 

On the resignation of Mayor Thomas H. Battle in 1894, Judge Thorp was 
elected to the Mayoralty of Rocky Mount by the Board of Commissioners, and 
was re-elected year by year by the people in 1895, 1896and 1897. In 1898, Judge 
Thorp announced months in advance that he would not again be a candidate for 


re-election, and in the campaign of that year he supported Mr. J. H. Baker, Jr., who was duly elected. Mr. Baker 
served three terms, and in 1901 Judge Thorp was again called from his retirement by the people of Rocky Mount, 
and was again elected Mayor of the City. So ably and satisfactorily did he administer the duties of his position that 
he was re-elected continuously until 1909, when he again announced, months in advance that he would not accept 
re-election, having served in all, twelve years as chief executive of the city. He was succeeded as Mayor in 1909 by 
Hon. T. T. Thorne. For two years thereafter Judge Thorp devoted his entire time to his large law practice, but in 
Aprii, 1911, just past, he was again called to public life by his election as County Judge (styled "Recorder") of Nash 
County, in which responsible office he is now serving the people of his native county with his characteristic fairness, 
fine legal ability, and with honor to the judiciary. 

For over twenty years Judge Thorpe has been closely identified with a number of the most important business 
organizations of Rocky Mount. He assisted in the organization several years ago of the Rocky Mount Insurance & 
Realty Company, one of the largest real estate and insurance concerns in Eastern Carolina, and he has been since its 
organization, a director in, and Attorney for, that organization. 

Judge Thorp has been twice married; the first time to Miss Mary E. Arrington, daughter of Hon. A. H. Arring- 
ton, of Nash County, by which marriage he had four children, only two of whom reached maturity, Archibald 
Arrington Thorp, who after attaining manhood died in 1907, and Miss Virginia, who married Mr. R. H. Gregory, 
and who died in 1903. After the death of his first wife in April, 1883, Judge Thorpe was married the second time, 
in 1885, to Miss Mildred B. Holmes, daughter of Mr. Gabriel Holmes, of Sampson County, and of this marriage he 
had six children, three of whom are living, Misses Mary and Mildred and Mr. William L. Thorp Jr. 

The Editors of this work take great pleasure in having an opportunity here to give expression to the high respect 
and regard the people of Rocky Mount and of this whole section have for Judge Thorp, not only on account of his 
fine ability and worthful and honorable public service, but also on account of his stainless private life and the many 
engaging traits which he possesses that have endeared him to a host of friends. As evidence of his popularity among 
all classes of people, it might be stated here that in all his career he has never been defeated for any public position 
to which he has aspired. Considering his wide popularity, backed up as it has been by splendid ability, the large and 
lucrative practice which Judge Thorp enjoys is therefore not surprising. 

Judge Thorp's law offices are in the Bank of Rocky Mount building, next to the City Hall. He is known as a safe 
counsellor, well versed in the intricate knowledge of the law, and one who safeguards the interests of his wide clientele 
with the most absolute fidelity and care. His clients are numbered among the high and the low, the rich and the poor, 
and all receive -the same high service and courteous consideration at his hands. 



Mr. W. A. Meadows is recognized by all who are acquainted with his work as 
one of the most expert accountants in the State, being efficient, careful and accu- 
rate. He was barn in Durham, N. C, April 4, 1881. He gained his education 
at Horner Military School. 

He came to this city several years ago to work in Gravely 's warehouse and since 
that time he has worked with the Imperial Tobacco Co., and for a combination 
consisting of all the warehouses. When the Ricks Hotel was opened he was se^ 
cured as auditor and lately he has given almost his entire time to the large busi- 
ness conducted by the proprietors of the Ricks Hotel, who, as related elsewhere, ope- 
rate five hotels. He has decided to give up his work in the tobacco business and to 
engage in the hotel business in a managerial capacity, with the proprietor of the 
Ricks. Mr. Meadows is unquestionably one of the city's most popular young men 
and adds much to the social life of the city. He is a member of the Masonic and 
Pythian fraternities. Mr. Meadows is not only popular at home but his connec- 
tion with the hotel business has thrown him with the traveling public and he is 
widely and popularly known by the traveling men. 



MR. E. M. V 1CK. 

A Leading Contractor And Builde r, Maki ng A Specialty Of Concrete Work. 

Mr E. M. Vick one of Rocky Mount's leading contractors, and a useful citizen, was born at Bethel N C in 
1873^ He came to Rocky Mount in 907 and engaged in contracting and building, taking a specialty of concrete 
work. Itjs not too much to say that m his line of special work, Mr. Vick has no superior in ? this section of the 

state He learned the details of the concrete construction under 
experts in New Haven, Conn., which knowledge he backs up with 
valuable and successful experience in the practical part of the business. 
Kealizing the great possibilities in concrete construction after investiga- 
tion, Mr Vick decided to make it his life work. Coming to Rocky 
Mount, he built his home, a handsome structure, on Arlington St en- 
tirely of concrete. A picture is shown of a residence which was 
erected by Mr. Vick entirely of concrete and is a two-story house of 
? eve " . roonis - When completed, it will be a pretty piece of architecture 
Mr. Vick has a complete concrete plant located on Arlington St., and is 
thoroughly prepared to manufacture any kind of concrete block for 
• the miracle block^" JltT^Tu™™? or p c D urbin g ™ walks He has done quite a good bit 

4.u « L 1 ■ .. ot work ' or the Clt y °f Rocky Mount. A picture is shown of some nf 

the pavmg done by him on Main Street. Mr. Vick contends that concrete is preferable in all kfnds of builS ° 
makes a handsomer structure than ordinary brick, and is more substantial and lasting; and whn? possessing Ihese 
superior qualities is also as cheap. Mr. Vick's favorite block is the "Miracle Block" which has the record of mak- 
ing a structure absolutely frost-proof and moisture-proof tecoru oi maic 

, . ^. r ; Vick J s , held '" h 'gh esteem by all who know him. and especially by those for whom he has done work for 
wasta riea irflQof to SfS ^ his thorough reliability and the good faith he shows in all his transactTons ' He 
was married in 1904 to Miss Florence Rudolph, of Pennsylvania, and from this union have been born two children 

line of constrSn wTk "' **' ^ ^ * PrCpared t0 handle Capab,y and with dis P atch - any job in his 








A Highly Successful Warehouseman. Experience Of Eighteen Successive 

Years In The Business. 

It requires a man of strong mind and of enduring physical strength to make a successful warehouseman and it 
might well be added a man of exceptional judgment and years of practical experience. It can be stated without fear 
of successful contradiction that no man in this State combines all these qualities to a larger extent than Ralph Pitt 
This statement will be instantly recognized as literally true by all who know him and that means practically every 
one who has sold tobacco on the Rocky Mount tobacco market in the past 18 years, or who has been in any way con- 
nected with the market. Mr. Pitt has the unbounded confidence of all who know him, not only for his ability in the 
warehouse business, but for his strict integrity and fair dealing. 

Mr. Pitt is a native born to this section, having first seen the light of day Nov. 17, 1871, in Edgecombe county 
When quite a young man, he decided to engage in the tobacco business and accepted a minor position with Mr J 
O. W. Gravely, the pioneer tobacconist on the Rocky Mount market, in 1893. He worked his way up in the busi- 
ness and today he can lay claim to the fact that he has successfully filled every position connected with the conduct 
of a warehouse. The experience of Mr. Pitt in the business is more varied than that of any man in North Carolina 
or Virginia, as can readily be realized from a relation of the number of years he has spent in the business on this 
market, in South Carolina and western North Carolina, thereby gaining a knowledge of practically all grades of to- 
bacco raised in this country. 

Mr. Pitt first engaged as an owner in the warehouse business on the Florence, S. C, market in 1900 where he 
was eminently successful for three years. He then moved to Rocky Mount and bought out Mr. J. O. W Gravely 
He was instantly successful here, but was burned out in the middle of that season. However, by the following sea- 
son he had erected, in partnership with Mr. J. E. Crute, a brick warehouse, which they continued to conduct until 



last year, when an attractive offer was made to them to sell, which they accepted, 
As an evidence of the high reputation of Mr. Pitt in the business, he was then 
offered the management of the Leader warehouse at Winston, the largest ware- 
house in Virginia, North and South Carolina, and located on the largest market in 
those States. Though successful in a high degree there, he yearned for his old 
home, and consequently he recently consummated the purchase of the warehouse 
and good will of Mr. J. O. W. Gravely and immediately began active preparations 
for the approaching season. 

Mr. Pitt recognizes the need of good accommodations for his customers and 
their stock, and before the season opens next August he will make improvements 
that will make his accommodations for his customers and their stock second to 
none on any market. In fact he is planning to be the first in this line. Also he 
recognizes the necessity of competent employes and he has already secured the 
services of Mr. C. E. Allen as auctioneer, who has been on this market three years, 
and is a thoroughly competent auctioneer in every respect, and Mr. Jim W. Cobb, 
of Pinetops, as bookkeeper, who is also well and favorably known. Before the 
season opens he will have a complete force of thoroughly competent men. 

Mr Pitt has been engaged in the tobacco business for eighteen successive 
years and knows the business in its every detail. This enables him to protect 
his customers in every possible way. He has always done so in the past and those 
who have the success of the Rocky Mount tobacco market at heart will be glad to 
know that he will conduct a warehouse business on the local market next season. 
Especially will this be true so far as his many friends who plant the weed are con- 
cerned, for no one is better or more favorably known to the farmers, adjacent to 
the Rocky Mount Tobacco Market. 





The Leading Merchant and Diuggist at South Rocky Mount. A Man of Large Success and High Character 

Mr. T. C. Gorham, the subject of 
this sketch, is a native of Edgecombe 
county, having been born near Battle- 
boro Aug. 8th, 1866. Mr. Gorham is a 
member of one of the oldest and most 
influential Edgecombe county families, 
one that has been identified with county 
affairs for a long number of years. He 
came to Rocky Mount fifteen years ago, 
opening a hotel at South Rocky Mount, 
one of the pioneer business men in that 
thriving section of the city. Later he 
established a mercantile business and a 
drug business, and restaurant, all of 
which have prospered to a gratifying 
degree under his able management and 
the consistent fair treatment and court- 
esy he freely accords to every patron of 
his places. Mr. Gorham is the owner 
and operator of one of the very best 

T. C. Gorham's Restaurant, Dti's Store and General Merchandise Store at South Rccty Mount. TeStaUTantS in the SoUth, Gorham 'S SOUth 

Rocky Mount restaurant being widely known and patronized by Deople along all the lines of the railroad. Mr. 
Gorham has become thoroughly identified with the progress of that part of the city, being himself one of the most 
forceful elements. He has been a capable and efficient member of the Board of Aldermen of Rocky Mount and is 
an influential director of the First National Bank. He is very popular with the large body of railroad employees, 
striving at all times as he does, to advance their interests and see that they get the best. He is married to Miss Min- 
nie Cutchin, daughter of Mr. J. M. Cutchin, of Whitakers, by whom he has four children, all boys. 




The Leading Plumber of The City 

Among the younger business men of Rocky Mount who are achieving success 
in their chosen lines of work, Mr. Howard C. Dixon stands out prominently. Mr. 
Dixon is yet a very young man, having been born in Rocky Mount July 15, 1885, 
and on this account his success is all the more notable. Mr. Dixon is the proprietor 
and operator of the well-known plumbing, tinning and roofing concern of this 
city, which bears his name, and which has taken a high stand within the past few 
years on account of the high grade of work done, and the efficiency with which 
the business is conducted. 

Mr. Howard Clifton Dixon is a son of Mr. Geo. R. Dixon, of Rocky Mount, 
one of the city's most substantial citizens and one of the oldest, most capable and 
best known tinners in North Carolina. Mr. G. R. Dixon has been a citizen of 
Rocky Mount since it was only a country village, and has literally grown with the 
city. On account of his father having been in practically the same business, Mr. 
Howard C. Dixon has therefore been in the same line of business he is now con- 
ducting, since childhood, and it is not a matter of wonder that he has reached the 
high degree of efficiency in his business which it is universally admitted he possesses 
today. Mr. Dixon was educated in the Rocky Mount Graded Schools, and worked 
with his father until 1908, when he went in business for himself, establishing his 
present concern. From his initial day, Mr. Dixon has "made good" to a gratify- 
ing degree. Always conscientious and thorough in his work, determined that his 
patrons shall be absolutely satisfied with every job he performs, and with all the 
necessary expert knowledge of his business for the purpose, Mr. Dixon has won 
a standing in the plumbing, tinning and roofing business, and in the confidence of 


the people that is a forceful asset for his future career in the busi- 
ness. So rapid has been the growth of his business that in Nov. 
1909, Mr. Dixon was under the necessity of moving to larger 
quarters, and so came about his occupancy of his present com- 
modious and well-situated building on Washington Street. One 
of his specialties is high-grade cornice work, and another is slate 
roofing. In the matter of plumbing he has become the last author- 
ity in Rocky Mount on all the details of the highest-class work. 
Mr. Dixon carries in his place a full and complete line of plumbing 
fixtures, and all kinds of tinning supplies. He does not hesitate 
to accept contracts that involve the utmost skill and a large ex- 
penditure of money. One of his out-of-town contracts, which he 
completed to the utmost satisfaction of those concerned, was the 
installation of the entire plumbing system and fixtures of the ele- 
gant new county court house at Halifax, N. C. Those who have 
work of this character may call on Mr. Dixon with the full assur- 
ance that they will receive entire satisfaction and the best and 
most expert service that can be obtained. 
Mr. Dixon is not only a business man of assured standing, but possesses a large number of attractive qualities 
and a strength of character that have rendered him very popular in other respects. He is unmarried. 




Wiley Davis, Proprietor. 

This barbershop, which is one of the most modern and 
best equipped in the city, is situated in the center of the 
business district on Main Street next to the Planters Bank. 
The proprietor is Wiley Davis, one of the worthiest and 
most successful of Rocky Mount's colored citizens. Wiley 
is himself a skilful tonsorial artist and keeps besides him- 
self, four experienced and capable barbers, Jno. 
Bishop, Robt. Cook, S. H. Brown, and Richard Cox. 
The latest modern and improved appliances are in evi- 
dence here, no expense being spared to have everthing 
that can add to the efficiency and quality of the work done 
and to the comfort and satisfaction of the patrons of the 
shop. Electric massage and baths are also to be had at 
this shop. After each service, every utensil in use is 
thoroughly cleansed and sterlized before using it again, 
thus assuring the maximum of neatness and protection. 
The proprietor, Wiley Davis, as has been said above, is a 
representative of the best and most useful type of the col- 
ored people of the South. He attends strictly to his own 
business, exerting every effort to please and give the best 
service to those who patronize him; and that the people 
appreciate this, is shown by the large business he does and 
by the fact that his careful courtesy and economy have re- 
sulted in his accumulation of property to the value of several 
thousands of dollars in real estate, besides his well quipped 




Mammoth Plant Equipped With Every Mechanical Aid and Device Known to Modern Brick Making. 

This company, whose manufacturing plant is one of the most thoroughly modern in Rocky Mount, was organ- 
ized under its present name and management in 1907. The moving forces in the company are Messrs D I 
Rose, T. W. Coleman and W. R. Coleman. Mr. Rose is President, Mr. T. W. Coleman, Secretary & Treasurer 
and Mr. W. R. Coleman, Vice-President and Manager. To those who know these men and their accomplishment 
in this and other fields, the very fact that the business was to be under their direction and management was a guar- 
antee of its success. They are all men who are and have been broadly successful, with a comDlete and practical 
knowledge of all the intricate details of the business and the manufacture of brick. A sketch of Mr. Rose, whose 
name is a synonym for success, will be found elsewhere in connection with a story of his large contracting and con- 
struction business. 

Mr. Thomas W. Coleman, the Secretary & Treasurer of the Rocky Mount Brick Co., is also associated with 
Mr. Rose in the contracting and construction work, and is the active manager of his Rocky Mount business. In ad- 
dition, Mr. Coleman has been in active charge of some of the largest contracts Mr. Rose has completed in other 
states, among them being various large fertilizer factories for the F. S. Royster Guano Co. in several cities in the 
South, the buildings of the Phosphate Mining Works at Bartow Fla., and others of like magnitude Here in Rocky 
Mount, Mr. Coleman has superintended the construction of the following among others, the Braswell & Levy tobacco 
factory, the Rocky Mount Public Works, the Rocky Mount Hosiery Co., Hales & Edwards, all of which are among 
the most admirable structures in Eastern Carolina. Mr. Coleman is a native of Warren County, N C and is 44 
years old. On his first coming to this part of the state several years ago, he accepted a posi'tion with • Ex-Gov 
bhas Carras manager of his large plantation. Later he was with the Rocky Mount Mills in various capacities' 'making 
good in each. Since that time he has been with the D. J. Rose Construction Co., occupying a most responsible 
position, which he fills with splendid ability and eminent satisfaction Besides being notably thorough and 
competent in his work, Mr. Coleman is a man of fine character, warmly esteemed by a large circle of friends and by 
the puohc generally, who have every confidence in his judgment and fair and honorable transaction of all business 
committed to his care. Mr. Coleman was married in Nov. 1910 to Miss Bessie Barnes, of Johnston county mem- 
ber of a prominent family of that county, and a niece of Mr. D. J. Rose. 



The Vice-President and Manager of the Rocky Mount Brick Co., Mr. William Richard Coleman, is one of the most 
popular and promising young business men of Rocky Mount. He was born July 12, 1886, in Mecklenburg County, 
Virginia. He received a good academical education at an excellent high school at Wise, Warren county. In 1905 
soon after leaving school, he came to Rocky Mount. For two years, he was manager of the Edgecombe Brick & 
Tile Co., evidencing in that responsible position, business ability and judgment of a high order., and in 1907, on the 
organization of the Rocky Mount Brick Company, he accepted the position of Manager to which he was elected. 
The rapid strides made in every phase of the business during its four years of business life, and the thorough effec- 
tiveness of both the manufacturing and business departments of the Rocky Mount Brick Company, are ample proof 
that Mr. Coleman not only possesses fine business ability, but also has the resourcefulness and generalship to capably 
direct a large business and to manage men in a way to produce the largest results. Determined to be absolute master 
of his vocation, Mr. Coleman has made a study of clay work and the manufacture of brick, keeping fully abreast of 
the times in his line of work, and continually striving for new methods to reduce the cost, increase the output, being 
ever careful to keep the quality of the brick manufactured at the highest possible degree of perfection. The future 
for him in his chosen business is particularly bright, for this is a day of specialists. 


There is probably not a better equipped plant for the manufacture of brick, in North Carolina, than that of the 
Rocky Mount Brick Company. It is located in the eastern suburbs of the city and the holdings of the company around 
the plant are approximately 30 acrfs, of clay, ideally suited for the manufacture of high class building brick. 

The plant is complete, and can easily turn out 3,000,000 brick per year. They have installed one 
of the largest of the famous brick machines manufactured by J. C. Steele & Sons of Statesville, N. C, 
and the admirably arrangement of every detail and part of the plant, together with the machine-like working and 
precision of every factor in the manufacture, constitutes a high tribute to the forceful managerial capacity there evi- 
denced. The clay is mined by means of a 45-Horse Power hoisting engine with a drag scraper operated with ap- 
proximately 3,000 feet of 5-8-inch steel cable attached, eliminating the use of horses or mules altogether. This cable 
draws the scraper from a distance of 350 feet, gathering the contents, three-fourths of a cubic yard of clay, in its ap- 
proach to the dumping point, and there automatically empties the contents into a clay-gar, which is in turn drawn by 

. 225 

a steel cable up an inclined track finally emptying the contents into the brick machine. This method of mining the 
clay was devised by Messrs. W. R. Coleman and D. J. Rose, and speaks volumes for their inventive and mechanical 
ability. Besides eliminating a large part of the mining expense, it enables them to greatly increase their capacity. 
The cable-drawn drag, above mentioned, which gathers its own contents as it approaches the dumping place, will 
move three-fourths of a cubic yard of clay every five minutes, which in a ten hour day, amounts to the enormous 
bulk of ninety cubic yards. 

In fact, the most forcible impression one gains in inspecting the plant of this company, is the fact that machinery 


Also showing Cable which extends o' er field and by use of 45-hor?e power hoistmg engne draws big buckets of clay to track from 

where it is -carried to brick machine. This is an original invention, and saves use of several mules and a number of hands 


dees the work at every point, and this pleasing effect is further enhanced by the pleasure that is always felt in 
observing a^ smoothly and perfectly running manufactory, wherein everything and every employee has a particular 
duty to perform and performs it with ease, accuracy and regularity. 

A plant conducted as is this one, naturally produces a high class of 
work, and the brick here manufactured are the favorite of the market 
of Rocky Mount and surrounding territory. No better building brick 
is manufactured anywhere, and it is characteristic of this concern, 
that the high grade of the manufactured product is reinforced with 
business methods that hold customers. 

MR. W. R. COLEMAN, Mgr. 


'.' ■ " ' '■'■;■; ..■•■"' I ■ . 

- ^ 





Livery, Exchange and Sales Stables. 

The firm of Jenkins & Jeffreys was formed and began business Jan. 1, 191 0, 
establishing its business in the large and commodious quarters formerly occupied 
by the late J. D. Odom. This firm is composed of Messrs. Z. V. Jenkins and W. 
E. Jeffreys, two of the leading citizens and business men of Rocky Mount and 
Nash county. A full sketch of Mr. Jeffreys, can be found elsewhere in this book. 

Mr. Zebulon Vance Jenkins, the active Manager of this concern is one of the 
best known and most influential citizens of Nash county, having held with credit, 
a number of public positions of trust and honor, and has been for nearly twenty 
years one of most forceful Democratic leaders of his county. In 1898, he was 
Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of Nash county, and in the 
memorable campaign of that year, redeemed the county, overcoming a Republican- 
Populist majority of over 1300 in the previous election. He also conducted the 
aggressive and successful campaign of 1900, in which Nash did her part in ratify- 
ing the Constitutional Amendment disfranchising the ignorant negro voters. Mr. 
Jenkins has been at various times, Deputy-Sheriff, Assistant Register of Deeds, 
and during the Legislature of 1909, was Clerk to the Committee of Counties, Cities 
and towns. In all of these positions, he has discharged his duties fearlessly and 
capably. No man in the county stands higher in the respect and regard of his 
fellow-citizens, for he is a clean fighter as well as fearless one. He is yet a compar- 
atively young man, having been born in Nashville July 14, 1872. As a business 
man, he is able and progressive. His present business is a growing and prosper- 
ous one. The firm handles horses and mules in car load lots, together with the 
best makes of buggies and harness and is fast winning a fine reputation among 
the best classes of the trade. Mr. Jenkins is also an experienced tobacco dealer, 
and a promineni and successful planter. He was married several years ago to 
Miss Westbrook of Pender county, a member of a prominent Pender county family. 



Proprietors of The Queen City Pressing Club, The Most Popular Concern 

of Its Kind in the City 

For several years the people of Rocky Mount, or a greal per 
cent of them, have been having their clothes pressed and cleaned 
at The Queen City Pressing Club, 'phone 144. This Club is bet- 
ter equipped at present than ever before to satisfy their customers 
in every respect. Equipped with the latest and most improved 
appliances, and employing only expert help, this Pressing Club 
is daily adding to its fine reputation for high-class work and sat- 
isfactory service. The present owners are Messrs. George W. 
Moon and W. E. McLemore, with Mr. Moon as active manager. 
Mr. Moon is not only capable and conscientious in his work, but is 
a young man of fine character and excellent parts who has made 
good under difficult circumstances. He was born July 12, 1890, 
in Granville county, was raised on his father's farm, and came to 
Rocky Mount in 1905. He worked steadily in the pressing club 
business, saving his money and applying himself industriously 
to his duties until March, 1911, when he found that he had saved 

enough to purchase his present share in the business. A young man of this sort is bound to succeed. 
Mr. Moon was married in 1909 to Miss Whitley, of Halifax County. 
A sketch of Mr. McLemore will be found in the story of the large tailoring business of which he is manager. 

The quarters of this Pressing Club are at 122 North Main Street. 



This is cne of the handsomest buildings of the city. 
It is owned by Messrs. P. C. and A. E. Shore, who are 
numbered among our most substantial and highly re- 
spected citizens. The building is occupied by The First 
National Bank, Bulluck, Philips & Co. and Robbins 
pool room. 




Mr. Archie R. Nunn, Proprietor. 

This enterprise is located in the Echo Building on Main street, opposite the 
postoffice, and is doing now quite a volume of business. In fact, so quietly and 
unostentatiously does Mr. Nunn proceed about his work that few people in Rocky 
Mount have any idea of the amount of business done by him. At present, he is 
shipping signs to practically all the towns in Eastern North Carolina. For instance 
in one day recently, he shipped over 200 different signs to Tarboro. Solely on its 
merits, his work is becoming widely and most favorably known over this part of the 
State. There is no kind of sign work that Mr. Nunn is not fully equipped to do 
satisfactorily. Some of his specialties are road signs, cloth sale signs, office signs, 
and gold and silver lettering. Among his Rocky Mount work, might be mention- 
ed the beautiful gold leaf signs on The Planters Bank, The Bank of Rocky Mount, 
The First National Bank, the Savings Bank, Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., and Mr. 
Von Milgrom's Jewelry Store. For some time Mr. Nunn has travelled all over this 
part of the State, building up the most lucrative part of his work, and now his plans 
are to employ additional labor, and take care of the smaller jobs also. He, himself, 
is one of the most skilled experts in his line to be found in the State. 

Mr. Nunn is a native of Rocky Mount and was born June 22, 1875. He was 
reared in Wilmington, and returned to Rocky Mount eighteen years ago, and has 
made this his headquarters ever since. He now proposes to make Rocky Mount 
the center of the sign business in Eastern Carolina, and there is no reason why he 
should not succeed. 




One of the Ablest and Most Successful of Rocky Mount's Younger Business Men. 

Proprietor of the Large General Store of J. W. Davenport, on Washington 

Street, and Stockholder in Other Leading Concerns 

One of the most popular stores on Washington Street, which is one of the busi- 
est retail districts in the city, is that of Mr. J. W. Davenport, General Merchant. 
Mr. Davenport carries, besides a complete and up-to-date line of groceries, one of 
the best lines of custom tailoring, ready-to-wear clothing, hats, shoes, furniture 
and notions. Since the establishment of his business in August, 1894, it has 
steadily grown each year, until now its patronage is notably wide and profitable. 

Mr. Davenport was born in Pitt County, and was raised in Martin County, in 
which county he still owns and operates a fine plantation. Much of his business 
success is doubtless due to his being reared on the farm, and the sterling qualities 
of character, energy and persistency there imbibed. He came to Rocky Mount in 
1894, attending school for one year afterward, and then held a position with the 
A. C. L. R. R. Co., as Conductor and in other capacities, for five years, render- 
ing the railroad valuable service, and retiring to establish his present business. 

Mr. Davenport's fine character, uniform consideration and courtesy to his patrons 
and to all with whom he has business dealings, together with his splendid business 
ability, have won for him a high standing in Rocky Mount business circles. Besides 
his large mercantile establishment, he is a stockholder in two of the leading Rocky 
Mount banks, The Bank of Rocky Mcunt and the First National, and is a large 
holder of valuable Rocky Mount real estate. He owns in addition, as stated above, 
a fine plantation in Martin County. The large measure of success that has come 
to Mr. Davenport is a high tribute to his ability and honorable life, and the other engaging personal qualities he pos- 
sesses have won for him a wide and canstantly increasing circle of friends and patrons. He was married in January, 
1906, to Miss Chrice Otta Johnson, of Louisburg. an attractive and gifted daughter of one of the most prominent 
and influential Franklin County families. 




Ranking among the very ablest of the lawyers of North Carolina is Judge Jacob 
Battle, the subject of this sketch, and the dean of the Rocky Mount bar. Judge 
Battle was born January 16, 1852, in Nash County. The family is one of the 
most distinguished and gifted in the State, the record of their eminent services to 
North Carolina dating back before the Revolutionary War. One of Judge Battle's 
ancestors was Hon. Elisha Battle, President of the North Carolina Conven- 
tion, which ratified the Constitution of the United States. The father of 
Judge Battle was Capt. Turner Westray Battle, one of the wealthiest and court- 
liest of the ante-bellum planters of Edgecombe, and a gallant Confederate soldier, 
commanding Company I, Fifteenth Reg. State Troops, during the Civil War. 

Judge Jacob Battle was reared amidst affluence and culture, and was educated 
at the University of North Carolina, and the University of Virginia, also taking his 
law course at the latter institution, in addition to studying under private tutors. 
He was licensed to practice in 1876, and rapidly won a commanding position 
among the greatest of North Carolina lawyers. As Judge of the Superior Court, 
he took rank as one of the most learned and best equipped jurists on the bench. 
Since his retirement from the bench, Judge Battle has devoted his entire attention 
to his large and lucrative law practice. He has always been a staunch Democrat 
with wide political influence. Among other positions he has held, was that of State 
Senator in 1892, in which he rendered his district and the State conspicuous service. 

Judge Battle has been twice married, the first time in 1874 to Miss Iva Isabelle 
Steele, of Yorkville, S. C. From this union having one son, Mr. Jacob Battle, jr. 
After the death of his first wife in 1894, he was married November 4, 18S6to Miss 
Nellie G. Gupton of Rocky Mount, by whom he has one sen, Turner/ W^ray 
Battle. Judge Battle's religious affiliations are with the Episcopal ChurcTr/and he 
has been for many years senior warden of the Church of the Good Shepherd of 
this city. 





One Of The Strongest Law 
Firms In North Carolina. 

The Rocky Mount Bar has long been re- 
garded as one of the ablest in North Carolina, 
including as it has for many years, lawyers of 
State wide reputation, whom the people have 
honored time and again with positions of great 

One of the strongest law firms of Rocky 
Mount, and indeed in the whole State, is that of 
Bunn & Spruill, now composed of Messrs. Frank 
S. Spruill and James P. Bunn. Mr. Spruill 
ranks high among the most eminent of the North 
Carolina legal fraternity, and Mr. Bunn, while a 
much younger man, both in years and practice, 
has already won an enviable position among the 
really able lawyers of Eastern Carolina. The 
firm has perhaps the largest and most lucrative 
practice of any law firm in this section of the 
State, and is retained by people in every walk of 
life, from the largest corporatirns to the humb- 
lest negro who has a meritorious cause. Mr. 
Spruill is Division Counsel, and has been for 




rag much of the strong personality, great ability and legal grasp that were characteristic of Mr Bunn th Teld^r Mr 
Bunn s mother was, before marriage Miss Harriet A Philm<Tnf th* f„ m -i,, t!f X ! lL , mr - Dunn tne elder - Mr. 

Jffi? SU £ aW at h the f f," 16 inStitUti0 " and was lice " sed toPracticebyth e SuprVmeCour^ 
902. At that time his father was in partnership with Hon. F. S Spruill under the firmZ nfM,™^ -n £ 

During three campaigns he was Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of N«2h £ fl i! ■ f Counl y- 
an aggressive and masterly campaign, resulting in sweeping DemocraHc victTv He reSd Z ch r *" stance w »P n Z 
1910 on account of the pressure of private and professional business Y ' g " ed the Chairman sh>P 




Mr. Bunn was married July 26, 1906, to Miss Ella Lee Moorman, of Bristol, Tenn. They have one child, Miss 
Mary Jameson, and reside in one of the prettiest and most commodious residences in Rocky Mount, beautifully situ- 
ated in the choice residential district on the Falls Road in the Northern part of the city. 


Honorable Frank Shepherd Spruill, Division Counsel for the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company and a mem- 
ber of the firm of Bunn & Spruill, is not only one of the ablest lawyers at the North Carolina Bar but is one of the 
very strong public men of the State. He was born in Martin County, North Carolina, December 9th, 1862, and is 
the third child of William E. Spruill and Harriet Arrington,, blending Scotch-Irish on the paternal side with English 
on the maternal. During the Civil War his father, who was in the Confederate service, moved his family from the 
exposed territory in Martin County, frequently the scene of Federal raids, to a safer location in Halifax County. 
Here Mr. Spruill grew to manhood under the typical influences of Southern plantation life, and in the sports and vigor- 
ous occupations incident to life in the country, developed an alert and forceful intellect in a sound and healthy body. 

Endowed with a strong and logical mind and gifted with unusual oratorical power he naturally selected the law 
as his profession and entered on its study at the University of North Carolina. He obtained his license in February 
1884 and located at Henderson, associating himself for the practice with William H. Young, Esq. After a year in 
Henderson he removed to Louisburg, Franklin County, where he formed a partnership with Honorable Joseph J. 
Davis, afterwards a Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court and a former Congressman. From the beginning 
in Louisburg Mr. Spruill enjoyed a large and extensive practice and took high rank at the bar. Being deeply inter- 
ested in all public matters affecting the interest of his County and State, and with his splendid ability, it is not to be 
wondered at that Mr. Spruill soon became one of the Democratic leaders of his county and section, participating ac- 
actively and zealously in every political campaign. His unusual power as an orator and political cam- 
paigner early attracted the attention of the party all over the State, and his services came to be constantly, 
in demand by the Democratic State Executive Committee. In 1888 he was a delegate to the Democratic National 
Convention which nominated Grover Cleveland for the Presidency for a second term, and in the campaign 
of that year, Mr. Spruill was one of the most effective speakers of the campaign in North Carolina. 
In 1898 he represented Franklin County in the Legislature, being one of the ablest and most influential mem- 
bers of that body, and rendering conspicuous services on the Judiciary Committee, on the flcor of Ihe House, and 
as Chairman of the Committee on Railroads and Railroad Commissioners. Soon after, he was appointed by Gover- 
nor Carr a Director of the State Prison, but soon resigned, the work being uncongenial, and he later accepted an 


appointment as Director of the North Carolina Railroad, rendering very valuable services in this latter position in 
opposition to the proposed new lease for 99 years of that railroad to the Southern Railway Company. During Mr. 
Cleveland's second term as President, Mr. Spruill filled with admirable ability, the position of Assistant United States 
District Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina. In 1904 the Democrats of Franklin County again nomi- 
nated Mr. Spruill for the House of Representatives, which nomination he was compelled to decline on account of his 
nomination soon thereafter as one of the Presidential Electors for the State at large, by the Democratic State Con- 
vention. In the campaign of 1904 the speeches of Mr. Spruill were widely commented on as being among the very 
ablest delivered in Mr. Parker's behalf in the entire South, his beautiful diction, unanswerable logic and the force of 
his strong personality carrying conviction to his large audiences and doing much to bring out the great Democratic 
majority in North Carolina in that eventful campaign when the Democracy in other States went to pieces, and Mr. 
Roosevelt rolled up his unparallelled majority in the nation. 

Though one of the great individual political forces in North Carolina, it is in his chosen profession as a lawyer that 
Mr. Spruill has attained his highest eminence and his most enduring fame. Careful and painstaking in the prepara- 
tion of his cases, tireless in energy, powerful as an advocate, and with the deepest loyalty to the interest of his clients, 
he embodies the most effective forces and represents the highest traditions of his ancient and honorable profess- 
ion. Being a graduate of the University of North Carolina, he has ever felt the greatest interest in his Alma Mater, 
rendering both as trustee for a long period and otherwise every tribute and service at his command to that noble 

Mr. Spruill removed to Rocky Mount January 1st, 1908, having been appointed Division Counsel of the great 
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad system. No citizen of Rocky Mount is held in higher esteem and respect and as a 
member of the strong law firm of Bunn & Spruill he enjoys an expensive and lucrative law practice, such as has 
been won by few lawyers in the State. Messrs. Bunn & Spruill are, besides their railroad connection, attorneys for 
the Planters Bank of Rocky Mount, county attorneys for Nash County, and attorneys for a number of others of the 
strongest corporations of this part of the State, besides possessing a wide practice among people of every class. 

Mr. Spruill was happily married in 1833 to Miss Alice Capehart Winston, daughter of Hon. Patrick Henry Winston 
and Martha Elizabeth Byrd, and sister of Ex-Judge and ex-Lieut. Gov. Francis D. Winston, Judge Robert W. Winston, 
Patrick Henry Winston, Jr., (Ex-Attorney General of the State of Washington) and George Taylor Winston, B. Litt. 
A. M., L. L. D., Ex-Pres. Univ. of North Carolina, Ex-President of the North Carolina A. & M. College, and of the Uni- 
versity of Texas, four of the ablest and most brilliant men North Carolina has ever produced. Mrs. Spruill is herself 
one of the loveliest and most gifted of North Carolina's fair daughters, and it is no doubt to her intelligence and 


sympathetic assistance that Mr. Spruill owes much of the large measure of fame md success that he has attained in 

feSnTf fhe Stafe S SSS" '?h PriVate Kft The SprUi l' residenCe 0n ralls R ' )ad * one o? ^ handsomest £ 
VJ™ c P "11 the . State, fitted with every convenience, comfort and arrangement that form an ideal home Here 
Mrs. Spruill presides with the rare charm and grace of the old regime. Mr. and Mrs Soruiil have thre? children 
Mrs. Thomas Alexander, of Charlotte, Miss Martha Byrd Spruill and Frank Shepherd Spruill Jr ' 


Nash County's Ablest And Best-Beloved Son. 

w-hJ I sreha . s P r o bab f , ] y "ever lived in Nash County, any other man so universally beloved by the oeoole or so 
widely trusted and influential, as the late Hon. Benjamin Hickman Bunn, for three terms a member of the U S 
Congress, and who was for a quarter of a century before his death, the undisputed leader of the miHtant Democracy 
of the county. Mr. Bunn was born in Nash county October 19, 1844, and wL a son o R din Marv H k 

man (Bryan) Bunn Mr Redmun Bunn was long one of the most prominent merchants and I planters of 'the county 
and gave to his mother state three gallant and gifted sons, (including the subject of mi 'article) two of 'worn ofi 
up their lives in battle for their native South during the Civil War One of the brothers Mr SI H R,,!S 
killed while gallantly leading a cavalry charge at Burgess' MmSlB^l^^S^miH^rC^ 
House in 1862 The mother of Redmun Bunn, after the death of his father, was married to Willian i Dortch and 
this union was born several children, who attained distinction, among them being Hon WUHam T Dor h wh 
represented North Carolina in the Confederate States Senate, and Isaac F. Dortch, who becameVe of h leading 
physicians of Alabama. Ben,amin Bunn, the great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch S^me to North Carol nf 
™ZZ' rg ?ll S T a , ft l f L hC Re ™]utionary War. The family is of distinguished and noble EngHsh extract Jn a 
poTof Queen's Counsel^ 3 " " ° ? the "* H ° n " Wmiam H ' Bunn ' havin ^ during recent yeaS held tfe Sted 
Hon. Benjamin H. Bunn, our subject, had just completed his college preparatory course at the outbreak of the 


War between the States, and at cnce gave up his studies and enlisted at the age of seventeen in Co. I, Thirtieth N. 
C. Infantry, under Capt. Arrington Throughout the entire war he fought gallintly, and young as he was, he at- 
tained the rank of Firsc Lieutenant, conferred for conspicuous gallantry on several occasions. At the close of the 
war, he studied law under his uncie, William T. Dortch, and Judge Geo. V. Storey, of Goldsboro, and received his 
county courc license in June 1866, and his superior court license a year later. He then located permanently at 
Rocky Mount for the practice of his profession. As a lawyer, Mr. Bunn at once took high rank, and during the 
years that followed built a reputation as one of the very strongest men at the Carolina bar. As an advocate, North 
Carolina has possibly never known his superior. Almost every man in the county was personally known to him, 
and gave him full confidence. His practice when he died was one of the largest, most representative and most 
lucrative in North Carolina. Eloquent in voice, commanding in presence and personality, and admirably grounded 
and learned in the law, he was the ideal lawyer and political leader. He first entered the political arena as sub- 
elector on the Seymour-Blair ticket in 1868, and in 1875 was a member of the Constitutional Convention that framed 
the present Constitution of North Carolina. In 1882, he was a member of the legislature and was Chairman of the 
Joint Committee on the Code, an almost unprecedented honor to be conferred on a member of the lower house. 
In 1884, he was elector for the Fourth North Carolina District for the national ticket of Cleveland and Hendricks, 
and was chosen as the messenger to convey the vote of North Carolina to the United States Senate at Washington. 
Four years before, in 1880, he was a delegate to the National Democratic Convention, which nominated General 
Hancock for the Presidency. In 1886, Mr. Bunn was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for Congress and 
led the convention for 212 ballots, Hon. John M. Graham finally receiving the nomination on the 213th ballot. In 
the election following, Mr. Graham was defeated by Nichols, Republican, by 1,500 majority. Two years later, 
however, the Democrats of the District gave Mr. Bunn an unanimous nomination for Congress, and in the campaign 
and election that followed, he redeemed the district and was elected by the handsome majority of 2,600 votes. Two 
years later, in 1890, so well and faithfully had he served his district, that he was re-elected by 6,500 majority, and 
was a third time elected by a handsome majority in 1892. !n 1894, the year of the disgraceful fusion victory, Mr. 
Bunn was not a candidate for re-election, retiring to give his entire time and attention to his large and profitable law 
practice. While in Congress, Mr. Bunn was a distinguished figure, and ranked among the strongest of the mem- 
bers of the great Democratic congressional majorities of those halcyon years. Some of his speeches in Congress 
were so notably able and wise that they were distributed broadcast all over the country as campaign literature by the 
Democratic National Committee. 

Mr. Bunn was happily married November 7th, 1871, to Miss Harriet A. Philips, a lady of much culture and 


refinement, and a daughter of Dr. James J. Philips, for many years one of the leading physicians of the state. Two 
of her brothers were Ex-Judge Fred Philips and Hon. Joseph B. Philips, among North Carolina's most gifted sons. 

Nine children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Bunn, as follows: Miss Mary (now Mrs. Dr. G. L. Wimberly), Miss 
Hattie, Miss Bessie, Miss Annie Lee (now Mrs. R. B. Davis Jr.,) Mr. Benj. H. Bunn Jr., Miss Laura Maude, Miss 
Catherine, Mr. Redmun Bunn (deceased), and Mr. James P. Bunn, now one of the ablest practitioners of the Rocky 
Mount bar, and one of the influential and strong political leaders of Nash County and this section. 

Mr. Bunn died August 25th, 1907, as universally mourned by the entire citizenship of this city and county, and 
indeed of all this section of the state, as any man who has ever lived within its boarders. During the last years of 
his life, he devoted his entire time to his loved profession in which he had won such commanding eminence, and 
was the senior member of the noted law firm of Bunn, Spruill & Bunn, in which Honorable F. S. Spruill and Mr. 
James P. Bunn were his partners. 



The above is a picture of the large tobacco warehouse of The Tobacco Planters Warehouse Co., one of the best 
equipped warehouses in North Carolina. The company that conducts it is composed of farmers, who proceed on 
the principle that the farmers should sell their own tobacco. They have operated the warehouse for one season with 
distinct success, paying a dividend of 16 per cent, and the future is most promising for them. Every dollar of the 
capital stock is backed by real estate to a greater value. 

Mr. David Everett is President; Mr. W. H. Home, Secretary and Treasurer; and Mr. P. C. Vestal, Manager. 
They sell a large share of the tobacco sold on the local market. 


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A home-like private Boarding House. All modern conveniences. Centrally located. Mrs. M. B. Braswell 



Mr. Jeffreys has lately remodeled his residence and now has an ideal country home with modern conveniences. 
A sketch of Mr. Jeffreys appears elsewhere. 



The County Seat of Nash County. A Celebrated Old Town That is Now 

Wide-Awake to Modern Opportunities and Progress. Center of 

One of the Fastest Growing Counties in North Carolina. 

Nashville, the county seat of Nash County, is a prosperous town of 750 people, according to the census of 
1910 It is not definitely known when Nashville was first established with stores and an inn, but the town is more 
than 100 years old. Nash County was formed in 1778, and in 1780 Micajah Thomas, a large land owner in and 
around the present site of Nashville, sold to the then County Commissioners, Duncan Lamm, Edward Moore, Mat- 
thew Drake, Nathan Boddie and Arthur Amngton, and their successors in office, three acres of land, more or less, 
for the public buildings. The consideration was 10 pounds of "good and lawful money," so recorded in Book 1, 
Page 112, of the Nash County registry. .*,,.„ j L ,*■ t_ i 

In Book 10, Page 167, of the Nash County registry, is a plot of the town of Nashville as surveyed by Michael 
Collins This plot was made in 1820, the Commissioners carrying out the order of the General Assembly of North 
Carolina. The Commissioners were: Michael Collins, Archibald Lamon, David Ricks, Willie Bunting, and Joseph 
Hopkins According to the plot of 1820, Nashville was 70 poles long, with Washington street, and 64 poles wide ax 
one end and 13 poles wide at the other. There were no streets parallel to Washington street, and Hilliard, Collins, 
Alston and Boddie streets were given as cross streets. There was also Drake alley. _ ' 

Nashville for a long time was simply the county seat, a sleepy and delightful village with little growth, but in 
recent years it has taken on new life. There are a number of handsome brick business houses, and no town of its 
size in the State has handsomer residences. The streets were a long time virtually sand banks, but within the past 
two years the principal streets, Washington and Railroad, have been made into splendid sand-clay thoroughfares, 
and other improvements are being made in the town. The present officers are: J. H. T. Baker, mayor, and Dr. 
T. T. Ross, G.. L. Jones, R. U. Brooks and G. N. Bissette, commissioners. I. W. Strickland is chief of police. In 


giving the population of Nashville, it might be well to say that it is nearly all white, as the negro population live 
beyond the corporate limits of the town. 



Nashville is situated on the Spring Hope branch of the A. C. L. Railroad, ten miles west of Rocky Mount. The 
town has numerous large mercantile and supply houses, a large lumber concern, newspaper and job printing concern, 
and other enterprises. The County Commissioners have recently had a modern plumbing and sewerage system in- 
stalled in the county buildings, and it is thought this will soon be extended to the business places and residences of 
the town. 

Nashville is situated near the center of Nash County, long famous for the celebrated "Nash County Brandy" 
(some of which is still left), birt which has become best known during the past decade as a county which "does 
things," one of the most thoroughly progressive and fastest growing counties in North Carolina. Among the large 


movements now on foot are: a powerful good roads movement that is accomplishing line results; the establishment 

w " u ^ ch u 0l M, and W schools; and the voting of special taxes for schools by districts all over the county 
th St t an S County during the next ten years— no better record will be made by any county iri 



MR' S. G. GRIFFIN, Vice-Piesideiu 

Vaughan, E. B. Grantham and W. G. Robinson. 


The Only Bank at The County Seat Of Nash County 
Well-Managed, Conservative And Safe. A Popu- 
lar Institution. 

The Bank of Nashville was organized in 1902, with $5,000. capital. From its 
initial day, it has prospered and grown, both in deposits and in the confidence of 
the people. The capital has since been increased to $15,000, this being made 
necessary by the Volume of business transacted, which has been constantly swell- 
ing Much of the success of this bank is and has been due no doubt to the finan- 
cial strength, fine ability and unswerving integrity of its management. The Presi- 
dent is Hon. Samuel F. Austin, Attorney at Law, and ex-County Judge, one of 
IN ash County s leading lawyers and most progressive business men, of whom a 
sketch is given elsewhere in this book. The Vice-President is Mr. S. G Griffin 
a sate and sound business man, who commands the confidence of every citizen 
who has ever come in contact with him. Mr. Griffin is a native Nash County boy 
having been born near Red Oak. Prior to his connection with the bank, which 
began in 1907, he was associated in responsible positions with the A C L R R 
■ii an . d r th the Arrin gton-Bissett Co., of Nashville. The Cashier of the bank 
1S Lr r ' J ' J , Brid S ers - a native of Nashville, who has by his honorable life, fine 
ability and unfailing courtesy, won the regard of every patron of the bank and of 
the people ot the county. The Board of Directors is an exceptionally fine one, 
being composed of able and conservative business men in whom the public have 
every confidence. It is as follows: Messrs. S. F. Austin, S. G. Griffin R U 
Brooks, W. G. Dozier, J. N. Sills, S. J. Bartholomew, J. D. Winstead, L T 



MR. S. S. GAY, Treasurer 

Treasurer Of Nash County 

The subject of this sketch is a native born son of Nash County, the date of 
his birth being April 30, 1862. Mr. Gay was born in what is now Stony Creek 
Township, and attended the public schools of Nash and Edgecombe Counties. He 
was raised on the farm, and has remained a farmer, although accumulating other 
business interests from year to year. Although he now holds the position of 
Treasurer of Nash County, he stills conducts his farm and is devoted to the agri- 
cultural interests of the County. Mr. Gay was married April 6, 1887 to Miss 
Robbins of Rocky Mount Township, Nash County, N. C. Mr. and Mrs. Gay 
have at this time four children, three girls and one boy. 

In the year 1897, Mr. Gay moved to Nashville, the county seat, and so well 
did he discharge the duties of a good citizen, and gain the respect of the people of 
the town that he was elected Mayor of Nashville in 1901, in which position he 
served faithfully and capably for four years, giving the city a clean government 
that was satisfactory to all. Mr. Gay has always been a strong Democrat and has 
done fine service for the party. Recognizing his strong claims the Demo- 
cratic party in 1910 elected him Treasurer of the County, in which position he is 
now serving with splendid ability and absolute fidelity to the trust that has been 
reposed in him by his fellow citizens of Nash County. 


MR. CHARLES L. JOHNSTON -Sheriff of Nash County. 

Mr. Charles Lee Johnston, the popular and capable Sheriff of Nash County 
is yet a young man, having been born in Battleboro, Nash Co., March 26, 1873' 
He attended the public schools of his county, and also some excellent private 
schools. While he lived in Battleboro most of the time during his early you.h and 
attended school much of the time, it might be said that he is a farmer, born and 
bred, for nearly all of his spare time was spent on his father's farm, a few miles 
from town. In 1892 when 19 years of age, Mr. Johnston moved to the farm he 
now owns, and for a number of years devoted himself to agricultural pursuits In 
1897 and 1898 Mr. Johnston served as Deputy Sheriff of the County, under his 
uncle, the late Sheriff J. H. Wheless. During these years, he gained much of the 
experience that has enabled him to make such a popular and capable official during 
his incumbency as Sheriff of the county. In 1899, he entered the tobacco busi- 
ness and that year conducted a tobacco warehouse in Nashville The following 
year, he entered the employ of Mr. C. C. Cooper, the veteran tobacco warehouse- 
man of Rocky Mount, and remained with Mr. Cooper during the years 1900-01- 
02-03. In 1904 Mr. Johnston was married to Miss Mary Bradley of Edgecombe 
County, and that year moved back to his farm in Nash County. 

Mr. Johnston has always been a strong Democrat and a hard fighter in every 
political contest that has been conducted in the county since his early youth Rec- 
ognizing his services to the party, the Democrats of Nash in 1906 elected him 
Sheriff of Nash County. So satisfactorily did he discharge the difficult and re- 
sponsible duties of his office that he was re-elected in 1908, and re-elected for a third 
term in 1910. Sheriff Johnston is a member of one of the most prominent families 
in the county, and it is a matter of common knowledge, and is universally admitted 
that he has made one of the best sheriffs that the county has ever had. Being pos- 
sessed of the highest order of physical courage and just in the prime of vigorous 
manhood, Sheriff Johnston has performed the hard responsibilities that have de- 
volved upon him with unusual zest and efficiency. He makes his home now in Nashville, the county seat of his 

MR. C. L. JOHNSTON. Sheriff 

r '»i«. -voi uiiu v.iiiwi_iiv,j( . nt HIS 11U111C IIUW II 

:ounty, and is a prominent member of the Pythian, Elks and Masonic fraternities. 



The Oldest and Leading Mercantile and Supply House 

in Nashville, and Extensive Buyers of 



<eneral Manager 

im« Jr ♦ k and best known mercantiI e concern at the county seat of 

Nash County, being successors to V. B. Batchelor, who conducted a mercantife 

t? L r , 0m away back in the eari y histor y of the town mercantile 

1 he Nash Supply Company was incorporated under its present name in 1905 

SIS K 6nt °H ffiCerS 3nd st °<*holders are men who represent much of the 

Pre Sent S Y f" CJ^v" S & ,rit °i the t0V TV and count y- The y are as follows^ 
President, S F. Austin; Vice-President and General Manager, W. G Dozier 

Secretary and Treasurer, G. M. Strickland. Stockholders, th£ foregoing and in 
Henrv n: aT?\?* ?"„ Bah ? d ? r ' V. A. Batchelor, W. L. Strickland and J W 

m w W J ud ee Austin, the President, is given elsewhere. 

Mr. W. G. Dozier, Vice-President and General Manager, is one of the 
county s most prominent and successful citizens, and is know? as an aggress ive 

14 Iffl? »n« ^"Sf m ? n H ger ;, Mr , D P zie ^ was born near Nashville sfpfemS 
14, 1883 and was educated in the schools of Nash County. For some years he 

90V Li Son' ■» r aShVll i 6 ' and ^where in the county, with fine success Fom 
1903 to 1909, inclusive, he was Cashier of the Bank of Nashville, winning in that 


position golden laurels for efficiency, courtesy and general fit- 
ness. He retired from the bank in 1909 to enter the mercantile 
business, his firm selling out to The Nash Supply Company, of 
which concern Mr. Dozier was at once elected Vice-President 
and General Manager. From a comparatively small business, 
when Mr. Dozier took charge, this concern has phenomenally 
grown until it is now doing an enormous cash and time busi- 
ness—the largest in the city. Besides the usual mercantile and 
supply lines, they make a specialty of high-grade fertilizers, 
selling a great quantity, and this year, (191 1), have added a 
splendidly equipped Millinery Department, which is very 

Mr. Dozier was married some years ago to Miss Annie 
Brooks, the gifted and accomplished daughter of Mr. R. U. 
Brooks, one of the county's most substantial citizens. Mrs. 
Dozier is a lady of unusual business judgment and talent, and 
no doubt has contributed much to the notable success of her 




Register Of Deeds Of Nash County. 

Mr. John Buchanan Boddie, the present efficient Register of Deeds of Nash 
County, is one of the most popular and capable men who have ever occupied that 
office. Mr. Boddie is not only capable and efficient, but he is universally polite 
and courteous to everybody who has occasion to visit his office, numberless times 
going out of his way to do a service. Mr. Boddie is very loyal to his friends, of 
whom he has as many as any man who lives in the county, and they always know 
that they can count on him. 

Mr. Boddie is a native of Nash county, having been born four miles north of 
Nashville, on August 27, 1858. He was raised on the farm, and was educated in 
the public schools of the county. He has lived all his life here, devoting unremit- 
tingly his ability and energy to the cause of progress and improvement in his native 
county. Mr. Boddie served as Treasurer of Nash County for four years, from 
1880 to 1884. Later he was engaged in the mercantile business in Nashville, con- 
ducting one of the largest concerns at that time in the town. From 1900 to 1908 
he was assistant to the Register of Deeds of Nash County. In 1908 he, himself, 
was elected Register of Deeds, after a hard, spirited contest, and was re-elected 
unanimously last year, 1910, for another term of two years. It is quite probable 
that the people of Nash County will keep Mr. Boddie in his present position for a 
number of years to come, for he has become known as a hard man to beat, his 
honorable and capable discharge of the duties of his office having been most satis- 
factory to the people of the county. Mr. Boddie was married a number of years 
ago to Miss Eugenia Taylor, daughter of Col. K. C. Taylor, of Whitakers, N. C. 
Mr. and Mrs. Boddie have two children, one son and one daughter, both cf whom 
are grown. Mr. Boddie resides in Nashville, the county sea! of Nash County, 
where he is, in addition to his official duties, faithfully performing the duties of a good and useful citizen. 


MR. J. B. BODDIE, Register of Deed* 


President of The Bank of Nashville, Ex-County Judge and a Leader of the Nash 

County Bar 


beautiful residence in the suburbs of Nashville. 

Honorable Samuel F. Austin is not only an able lawyer, but is one of the 
most resourceful aud influential business men in Nash County. To give an idea 
of the extent of his interests and influence, it is only necessary to name the im- 
portant concerns in the conduct of which his is a potent hand, to-wit- He is Presi- 
d< Z n l of r} he , Ba , n J, of Nashvi "e, President of the Nash Supply Company, Treasurer 
of the Parker- Whitaker Lumber Company, President of the Nashville Publishing 
Company, Vice-President of the Farmers Oil Company, a member of the firm of 
Austin & Batchelor, horse and mule dealers, and President of the Austin-Stephen- 
son Company, a large mercantile concern at Smithfield. He is also a prominent 
Director of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company of Rocky Mount 
,o„n Juc J? e Austin , was born in J oh n st on County, North Carolina, September 20, 
18o9. He was educated and read law at the University of North Carolina and 
was licensed to practice in 1895. The same year he located at Nashville for the 
practice of his profession. From his first coming to Nashville he has evidenced 

, ega Ln nd L business abiIity of a high order > as we " as a clean a "d honorable life 
In 1904 the people of Nash elected him a member of the Legislature where he 
rendered conscicuous service. For two terms he served as County Judge mak- 
ing in that high station a fine record for probity and profound knowledge' of the 
law, retiring in 1911 to resume his large law practice. 

Judge Austin was married several years ago to Miss Ida Batchelor, daughter 
<>i 'ii . \ 11. Batchelor, a wealthy and prominent citizen of Nash. They have a 


MR. R. C. CALTON, Manager. 


The Leading Druggists and 

This store was established under its present name in 1905, and was incor- 
porated two years ago— 1909. The officers are as follows: 

President, C. L. Johnston; Vice-President, J. N. Sills; Treasurer, R. H. 
Patterson; Secretary and Manager, R. C. Calton. Directors, C. L. Johnston J 
N. Sills, R. C. Calton, R. H. Patterson, Mrs. R. H. Patterson, Dr. J. T. Strick- 
land and T. A. Sills. Authorized capital, $5,000. Paid in capital, $3,200. 

This is the leading drug store of Nashville, and it is safe to say that for artis- 
tic arrangement, neatness and cleanliness of the store, and completeness of the 
lines carried, it is not surpassed by any drug store in any town in the state the 
size of Nashville. The rule of the store is the utmost care in the compounding of 
prescriptions, and aggressive progress in the conduct of the business. Besides a 
complete line of drugs, (which include the famous Rexall Remedies), this store 
carries the well known Liggett's and Fenway's lines of Chocolates, also a com- 
plete stock of toilet articles, stationery, cigars, tobacco and every thing kept in the 
most up-to-date drug store. 

The managers and directors of this company are among the strongest and 
most prominent business men in this section of the State. The Secretary and 



Manager, Mr. R. C. Calton, is an energetic and resourceful business manager. He is a native of Rutherford County 
North Carolina, and was born October 7th, 1883. Mr. Calton came to Nashville as manager of this store in 1907' 
and by his strict business methods and honorable life has won the respect and confidence not only of his business 
associates, but of the whole community. Mr. Calton was married in 1909 to Miss Willie K. Poovey, an attractive 
and gifted lady of Ridgeway, S. C, who was formerly a teacher in the Nashville Graded Schools 





Attorney At Law 

Mr. Bernard Alexander Brooks is a native of Person County North Caro- 
lina, and was born October 4, 1878. His father, Mr. R. U. Brooks one of Nash 
County's most respected citizens, moved to Castalia, Nash County, when youns 
Brooks was a year old, and in 1887 came to Nashville. 

Mr. B. A. Brooks was educated at the University of North Carolina, and took 
his law course there. He was admitted to the Bar in August 1902 and first 
located at Thomasville, N. C. While practicing in Thomasville, Mr. Brooks was 
married to Miss Nellie D. Cramer, (daughter of Mr. John T. Cramer, of that city) 
who died only four months afterwards. 

Mr. Brooks left Thomasville, coming to Nashville to permanently locate in 
TO m S er i 9 2J' For some years he has been a member of the strong law firm 
?X W ? od f rd ' c X^? rpe & Brooks > composed of Mr. Brooks, Honorable Fred A 
Woodard, of Wilson, and Judge W. L. Thorpe, of Rocky Mount, which firm was 
dissolved a few weeks ago, at Mr. Brook's suggestion, on the election of fudge 
Thorpe as County Judge of Nash County. 

In 1906 Mr. Brooks was elected Mayor of Nashville, and gave the town a 
clean and capable administration. He was married the second time on February 
17, 1909, to Miss Birdie Taylor, daughter of Col. W. C. Taylor, of Whitakers N 
C, the head of one of the most prominent families in the county. 

During a number of campaigns Mr. Brooks has been actively engaged in 
politics As a lawyer he is diligent and well equipped. His offices are in the 
Grand Jury Building. 



A. SILLS. Clerk of Co 

Clerk of the Superior Court of Na. Jounty. 

If there is at this time one citizen of Nash County who is more popular than 
any other, that one is the well-known and beloved Clerk of the Superior Court, 
Thomas Alfred Sills. Mr. Sills not only faithfully and capably discharges the 
duties of his responsible office, but he makes it a point to render the most accom- 
modating and cheerful attention and service to every citizen of the county who 
has business with him. The rich and the poor alike find in him a kind and stead- 
fast friend, and his hand is always open to help the deserving and the needy. 
These things, added to the fact that he is one of the most lovable of men and pos- 
sesses a name that is synonomous with honor and probity in Nash County, have 
made him so popular and loved by all classes of citizens, that it is simply impos- 
sible to defeat him before the people of his county. He is now serving his fourth 
term as Clerk of the Superior Court, having been first elected in 1898. and 
re-elected in 1902, 1906 and 1910, winning overwhelming victories each time, and 
having no opposition at all in two of his campaigns. He is a strong Democrat of 
the old school. 

Mr. Sills is a son of Dr. Gray Sills, and was born near Castaiia, March 7, 
1850, and was reared on the old Sills Farm, which has been in the family since 
1798. He was a practical farmer all his life until elected Clerk of the Court. Mr. 
Sills was married November 16, 1882, to N[\ss Pattie Thompson, of Mississippi, by 
whom he has five children. Mr. James N. Sills, one of his sons, is the cour- 
teous and competent Assistant Clerk of the Superior Court, and Mr. Scott Sills, 
another of his sons, is Assistant Cashier of the First National Bank of Rocky 
Mount. Mr. Sills resides in Nashville, the county seat. 


MR. W. H. PROCi 

One of Nash County's Useful and Prominent Citizt. 
A Successful Business Man and a Staunch 



Among the men of Nash who have achieved substantial business success 
useful citizenship is numbered Mr. William Henry Proctor, the subject o 
sketch, who was born September 9, 1867. 

Mr. Proctor is a native of Cooper's Township, Nash County, and is a 
the late Mr. H. H. Proctor, a prominent planter of the county and one of 
stantial citizens. Mr. W. H. Proctor was raised on the farm, and dev 
strength of character and determination, together with habits of industn 
plication that doubtless account for much of the wide success he has ? 
his business career and the esteem in which he is held by his fellow 
Nash County. 

The main occupations in which Mr. Proctor has been engaged 
and the saw mill business, and he has been eminently successful in 
entered the saw mill business in 1900, and his record has been on. 
success, both financially and in the building of a reputation as a safe 
as well as a fair and honorable, business man. Thoroughly informed 
enced in all the details of the necessary processes of his business, and 
up with splendid ability and untiring energy, it was inevitable that 
should succeed. Incidentally, he has accumulated a very comfo: 
this world's goods, and his residence on his well-filled and well : 


.... of tile prettiest in the lol. cy. As a planter Mr. Proctor has been no less successful than 

riis home and plantation are in what is now Oak Level Township, (formerly Cooper's Town- 

autiful appearance cf his farm and the ideal arrangement of his home have been the subject of much 

those who have seen them. The Oak Level Stock Farm, of which Mr. Procter is proprietor is 

id most favorably known in the county. Here Mr. Proctor raises sone of the most famous breeds 

try, including Yorkshires, Berkshires and Duroc Jerseys. 

, >,. eminence in a business way, Mr. Proctor has been for many years one of the most energetic and 

z Democratic workers in Nash Count, . He served ten years successively as JusK of the Peace of 

ownship, making an excellent record, and finally resigning on account of the pressui. f his private 

in every campaign in the county since his early manhood, Mr. Proctor has been a strong ^set to the 

.Htic party, and a man on whom the party could rely. For twenty years past, with the exception of two vears, 

been a member of the Democratic Executive Committee of the county, rendering very effective service' Be 

i strong supporter of the school interests and is always ready to lend his support to any movement that will 

the educations interests of his native county. 

'des his other business interests, Mr. Proctor has a large merchandise brokerage business, representing 

^ .eading concerns of the country, selling meats, lard and provisions, hay and grain, tobaccos and cigars 

■^nd tombstones. s 

froctor was married several years ago to Miss Moore, of Wilson County, an attractive and gifted woman 
Tiber of a prominent Wilson County family. Mr. and Mrs. Proctor have been blessed with five healthy 
"d intelligent children, three of whom are boys and two are girls 


MR. Li 

T. VAUu.. 

Attorney At Law, Prosecuting Attorney for Nash County and I 
Democratic County Executive Committee 

Mr. Leon Thomas Vaughan is a native of Halifax County, I 
born at Scotland Neck September 25, 1875. He was educated at 
Academy of Scotland Neck, and at Wake Forest College, graduating 
of 1902. He taught school for two years, being principal of the Chun: 
School in Warren County, N. C, evidencing in his educational worr- . 
high order. In the meantime Mr. Vaughan took the law course at Wake 
and was admitted to the bar in due course in August, 1903. After finishin 
term of his school in Warren County he came to Nashville in May, 1904, * 
manently locate for the practice of his profession. 

Mr. Vaughan has impressed the people of Nashville and Nash Cou 
the fact that he is not only a gifted lawyer, but is a man of the highe^ 
While making his profession a very jealous mistress, he yet finds tin? . 
aid every movement that is inaugurated calculated to promote the progr 
town and county. He is a strong Democrat, and since his coming to 
has been one of the strongest forces in every political campaign. Recog 
fine executive ability and his excellent qualifications for leadership, the U 
of the County in 1910 elected him Chairman of the Democratic County 
Committee. The faith of the party was fully justified in the days tha 
Mr. Vaughan conducted an aggressive and intelligent campaign that res 
almost unparalleled Democratic majority in the November election. ( 
ation of the office of Prosecuting Attorn ;y for the Recorder's Court c 1, 
by the Legislature of 1911, Mr. Vaughan was unanimously elected t 
the Board of County Commissioners. His splendid ability and faithful application have given Mr- 
private practice. Mr. Vaughan was married March 28, 1906, to Miss Mary Laura Ross, cha r 
T. T. Ross, one of the most prominent citizens of the county.